跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.95.131.146) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/25 15:10
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:趙建棣
研究生(外文):Chien-Ti Chao
論文名稱:臺灣產黃精族 (百合科) 植物之系統分類學研究
論文名稱(外文):Systematic study of Tribe Polygonateae (Liliaceae sensu lato) of Taiwan
指導教授:歐辰雄歐辰雄引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:森林學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:林業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:140
中文關鍵詞:黃精族百合科植物分類原氏鹿藥大屯黃精
外文關鍵詞:PolygonateaeLiliaceae s. l.plant systematicsMaianthemum haraePolygonatum daitonense
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:1283
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
台灣產百合科黃精族植物多分布於全島低至高海拔林下潮濕陰暗之環境,為森林下層地被植物組成之ㄧ。黃精族之主要特徵為具根莖 (rhizome);葉多莖生,稀基生;花數朵腋生至頂生總狀花序;果為漿果等。本研究以外觀形態、花粉形態、地理分布及數量分類等對台灣產百合科黃精族植物進行系統分類學研究。結果顯示,根莖為各屬之重要鑑別依據,甚至於種間亦有差異,花粉之形狀及表面雕紋於各種間具有明顯差異,葉下表皮之氣孔形式及表皮細胞之排列及垂周壁之特徵,亦可為區分種間之良好依據,而數量分類之結果亦支持由外觀形態所區分之各分類群。本研究之結果將台灣產百合科黃精族植物分為4屬10種1變種,分別為阿里山假寶鐸花 (Disporopsis arisanensis Hayata)、假寶鐸花 (Do. pernyi (Hua) Diels.)、台灣寶鐸花 (Disporum kawakamii Hayata)、南投寶鐸花 (Du. sessile D. Don ex Schult. var. intermedium (Hara) Y. H. Tseng &; C. T. Chao)、山寶鐸花 (Du. shimadae Hayata)、台灣鹿藥 (Maianthemum formosanum (Hayata) LaFrankie)、原氏鹿藥 (M. harae Y. H. Tseng &; C. T. Chao)、台灣黃精 (Polygonatum alte-lobatum Hayata)、萎蕤 (P. arisanense Hayata)、清水山黃精 (P. chingshuishanianum Ying) 及大屯黃精 (P. daitionense Liu &; Ying ex Tseng &; Chao),其中南投寶鐸花為新組合,原氏鹿藥及大屯黃精為新種。臺灣產黃精族植物除假寶鐸花外,其他皆為特有種,多數種類廣泛分布於全島,僅山寶鐸花、清水山黃精及大屯黃精侷限分布於特定區域。文中提供各分類群之特徵描述、地理分布圖、彩色照片及檢索表。

The tribe Polygonateae (Liliaceae s. l.) comprised 4 genus in Taiwan, is one of the largest tribe of Liliaceae s. l. in Taiwan. In this study, we attempted to revise the present systematics study of the tribe Polygonateae in Taiwan with morphology, pollen morphology, numerical taxonomy and geographic distribution. Rhizome, pollen morphology and leaf abaxial epidermis structure were shown to be valuable for the classification within each taxa. Four genus, 11 taxa were recognized in this study, including two new species and one new variety listing below: Disporopsis arisanensis Hayata, Do. pernyi (Hua) Diels. Disporum kawakamii Hayata, Du. sessile D. Don ex Schult. var. intermedium (Hara) Tseng & Chao, Du. shimadae Hayata, Maianthemum formosanum (Hayata) LaFrankie, M. harae Tseng & Chao, Polygonatum alte-lobatum Hayata, P. arisanense Hayata, P. chingshuishanianum Ying. and P. daitonense Liu & Ying ex Tseng & Chao. Most species of Polygonateae in Taiwan were widely distributed throughout island, only 3 species, Du. shimadae, P. chingshuishanianum and P. daitonense were narrowly distributed in local range. Descriptions, distribution maps, photos and keys were provided in this article. These are the references for the systematic to Liliaceae s. l. in Taiwan.

壹、前言.....................................1
貳、前人研究.................................3
參、材料與方法...............................8
肆、結果與討論..............................12
一、學名處理................................12
二、外觀形態................................12
三、花粉觀察................................46
四、生態及地理分布..........................50
五、數量分類................................59
伍、分類處理................................61
陸、參考文獻................................104
柒、附錄....................................110


大井次三郎 (1934) 邦產ユキザサ屬の種類 植物分類及植物地理 3: 121-127.
王震哲 (1997) 臺灣產百合科之細胞分類研究 (II) 黃精族及油點草族。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告。共64頁。
李恒 (1990) 鹿藥屬的分類系統 雲南植物研究 增刊 III: 1-12.
呂海亮、吳世安、楊繼、饒廣遠 (2000) 葉表皮及種皮特徵在黃精族系統學研究中的應用。植物分類學報 38(1): 30-42.
汪勁武、李懋學、楊繼 (1991) 玉竹和多花黃精的變異及其親緣關係初探 植物分類學報 29(6): 511-516.
汪發纘、唐進、陳心啟、張芝玉、戴倫凱、梁松筠、湯彥承、劉亮、郎楷永 (1978) 百合科。中國植物誌 第十五卷。科學出版社。共255頁。
陳心啟、許介眉、梁松筠、吉占和、郎楷永 (1980) 百合科。中國植物誌 第十四卷。科學出版社。共286頁。
黃增泉 (2000) 植物分類指南。行政院農委會。共364頁。
黃增泉、謝長富、黃星凡、楊綉玉 (1993) 臺灣大學植物系標本館日據時期之臺灣植物標本採集地點目錄。臺灣省立博物館年刊 36: 117-174。
楊遠波、劉和義、林讚標 (2001) 百合科。臺灣維管束植物簡誌 第五卷。中華民國行政院農業委員會。19-32頁。
蔡進來 (2005) 臺灣維管束植物之學名解說。行政院農業委員會林務局。1-243頁。
應紹舜 (1990) 臺灣百合科植物之研究。國立臺灣大學森林學系教職員著作。共92頁。
顧志建、王麗、龔洵、肖調江 (1993) 萬壽竹六個居群的核型研究。植物分類學報 31(5): 399-404.
Baker, J. G. (1875) Revision of the Genera and Species of Asparagaceae. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 508-639.
Baker, J. G. (1886) Oligobotrya. Hooker’s Icone Plantarum. 16 pl.1537.
Bentham, G. and J. D. Hooker (1883) Liliaceae. Genera Plantarum, Ad Exemplaria Imprimis in Herbariis Kewensibus Servata Definita vol. 3 pt. 2 p.748-836.
Blume, C. L. (1825) Drapiezia. Enumeratio Plantarum Javae p.8.
Boufford, D. E., H. Ohashi, T. C. Huang, C. F. Hsieh, J. L. Tsai, K. C. Yang, C. I Peng, C. S. Kuoh and A. Hsiao (2003) A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Taiwan. In Huang, T. C. et al. (eds.) Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. Vol. 6. Editorial Committee. Department of Botany, National Taiwan University p.15-139.
Chao, C. Y., T. Y. Chuang and W. W. L. Hu (1963) A Cytotaxonomic Study of the Disporum of Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. New Series 4(2): 80-89.
Chen, S. C., S. J. Liang, J. M. Xu and M N. Tamura (2000) Liliaceae In Wu Z. Y. et al., (eds.) Flora of China Vol.24 Science Press p. 73-263.
Dahlgren, R. M. T., H. T. Clifford and P. F. Yeo (1985) The Families of the Monocotyledons. Springer-Verlag Press. pp. 520.
David, D. (1825) Disporum. Prodromus Flore Nepalensis. p. 50.
Deng, X. Y., Q. Wang and X. J. He (2009) Karyotypes of 16 Populations of Eight Species in the Genus Polygonatum (Asparagaceae) from China. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 159: 245-254.
Diels, L. (1900) Flora von Central-China. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 29(2): 169-659.
Erdtman, G. (1952) Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms. Almquist & Wiksells. 539pp. Uppsala.
Hance, H. F. (1883) Disporopsis, Genus Novum Liliacearum The Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. 21:278-281.
Hara, H. (1987) Notes Towards a Revision of the Asiatic Species of the Genus Smilacina. J. Fac. Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Sect. III. 14: 137-159.
Hara, H. (1988) A Revision of the Asiatic Species of the Genus Disporum (Liliaceae). Univ. Mus., Univ. Tokyo, Bull. 31: 163-209.
Hayata, B. (1908) Flora Montana Formosae. Journal of Science Imperial University of Tokyo Japan. 25: 398-820.
Hayata, B. (1911) Materials for a Flora of Formosa. Journal of Science Imperial University of Tokyo Japan 30: 1-471.
Hayata, B. (1915) Liliaceae. Icones Plantarum Formosanarum. Bureau of Forestry, Industries, Government of Formosa, Taihoku. 5: 229-237.
Hayata, B. (1920) Liliaceae. Icones Plantarum Formosanarum. Bureau of Forestry, Industries, Government of Formosa, Taihoku. 9: 124-146.
Hutchinson, J. (1973) Liliaceae. The Families of Flowering Plants. 3rd. eds. Oxford at the Clarendon Press. p. 732-757.
Hua, M. H. (1892) Polygonatum et Aulisconema, Gen. Nov. de la Chine. J. Bot. (Morot) 6 (24): 469-472.
Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers, IPCN web site (2010) http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/ipcn.html
International Association for Plant Taxonomy (2006) International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, Vienna Code online http://ibot.sav.sk/icbn/main.htm
Jefferey, C. (1979) The Genus Polygonatum in Eastern Asia. Kew bulletin 34(3): 435-471
Jeffery, C. (1982) Further Note on Eastern Asian Polygonatum (Liliaceae). Kew bulletin 37(2): 335-339.
Kawakami, T. (1910) Liliaceae. A List of Plants of Formosana. 臺灣總督府民政部殖產局 p. 122-124.
Kawano, S. and H. H. Iltis (1966) Cytotaxonomy of the Genus Smilacina (Liliaceae) II. Chromosome Morphology and Evolutionary Consideration of New World Species. Cytologia 31: 12-28.
Kubitsuki, K. (1998) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants III Flowering Plants, Monocotyledons: Lilinae (except Orchidaceae). Springer Press. pp.478.
LaFrankie Jr., J. V. (1986) Transfer of the Species of Smilacina to Maianthemum (Liliaceae). Taxon. 35(3): 584-589.
Liu, T. S. and S. S. Ying (1978) Liliaceae. In: Huang, T. C. et al. (eds.) Flora of Taiwan, 1st ed. Vol. 5. Editorial committee, Department of Botany, National Taiwan University. p. 40-84.
Masamune, G (1954) A List of Vascular Plants of Taiwan. p. 132-133.
Masamune, G. (1930) Contribution to Our Knowledge of the Flora of the Southern Part of Japan II. J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 2: 153.
Masamune, G. (1936) Liliaceae. Short Flora of Formosa. p. 266-275.
Matsumura, J. and Hayata B. (1906) Enumeratio Plantarum Formosanarum. Jourmal of Science Imperial University of Tokyo Japan. 22: 1-702.
Meng, Y., J. Wen, Z. L. Nie, H. Sun and Y. P. Yang (2008) Phylogeny and Biogeographic Diversification of Maianthemum (Ruscaceae: Polygonatae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 424-434.
Meng, Y., Z. L. Nie, Y. P. Yang and Z. J. Gu (2005) Karyomorphology of Maianthemum sensu lato (Polygonateae, Ruscaceae). Journal of Plant Research 118: 155-162.
Moench, C. (1794) Polygonastrum. Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici et Agri Marburgensis : a staminum situ describendi p.637
Oniguma, K. and M. Nakata (1988) Cytological Studies on Phanerogams in Southern Peru, I. Karyotype of Acaena ovalifolia. Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, ser. B. 14(2): 53-56.
Sasaki. S. (1928) Liliaceae. List of Plants of Formosa. p. 103-111.
Shinwari, K. S., R. Terauchi and S. Kawano (1994) Molecular Systematics of Liliaceae-Asparagoideae-Polygonateae. I. RFLP Analysis of cpDNA in Several Asiatic Disporum Species. Plant Species Biol. 9: 11-18.
Singh, G. (2003) Plant Systematics, An Integrated Approach. Science Publishers, Inc. p.149-153.
Takatajan, A. (1997) Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants. New York, Columbia University Press. pp. 643.
Tamura, M. N., F. H. Utech and S. Kawano (1992) Biosystematic Studies in Disporum (Liliaceae-Polygonateae) IV. Karyotype Analysis of some Asiatic and North American Taxa with Special Reference to their Systematic Status. Plant Species Biol. 7: 103-120.
Tamura, M. N., F. H. Utech and S. Kawano (1992) Biosystematic Studies in Disporum (Liliaceae-Polygonateae) IV. Karyotype Analysis of some Asiatic and North American Taxa with Special Reference to their Systematic Status. Plant Species Biol. 7:103-120.
Tamura, M. N. and M. Ogisu (1998) A New Species of the Genus Disporopsis (Convallariaceae) from Sichuan, China. Acta. Phytotax. Geobot. 49(1): 33-36.
The Angiospermum Phylogeny Group (2009) An Update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Classification for the Orders and Families of Flowering Plants APG III. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society 161: 105-121.
Wu, S., J. Yang and G. Rao (2001) Systematic Position of Polygonatum simizui (Convallariaceae) based on Morphological, Cytological and Chloroplast DNA sequence Data. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 291-296.
Yamamoto, Y. (1938) Observationes ad Florum Formosanam XX. Journal of the Society of Tropical Agriculture. 10: 176-185.
Ying, S. S. (1969) The Liliaceae of Taiwan. Master Thesis of Department of Forestry, NTU. pp. 120.
Ying, S. S. (1988) Miscellaneous Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (IX). Mem. Coll. Agric., NTU. 28(2): 32-59.
Ying, S. S. (1989) Miscellaneous Notes on Flora of Taiwan (X). J. Jap. Bot. 64(5): 148-156.
Ying, S. S. (1990) Miscellaneous Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (XIII). Mem. Coll. Agric., NTU. 30(2): 53-72.
Ying, S. S. (2000) Liliaceae. In: Huang, T. C. et al. (eds.) Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. Vol. 5. Editorial Committee. Department of Botany, National Taiwan University. p. 845-854.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top