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研究生:陳俊偉
研究生(外文):Jun-Wei Chen
論文名稱:以暗醱酵配合微生物輔助電解法評估經不同酸前處理甘藷酒渣的產氫潛能
論文名稱(外文):Assessing Hydrogen Production Potential of Acid-Pretreated Sweet Potato Stillage with Fermentation and Microbially Assisted Electrolysis
指導教授:陳天鴻
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:生物產業機電工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:暗醱酵微生物電解電池酸前處理
外文關鍵詞:Dark fermentationMicrobial electrolysis cellacid pretreated
相關次數:
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
自18世紀工業革命後,化石燃料已經成為維持人類文明的主要能源,但會造成環境污染及能源匱乏問題。如何找到一個代替化石燃料並且具有低污染及永續性的替代燃料便日益重要。生質能是一種將生質物轉換成能源的一種形式,以作物殘渣產氫是一種生質能的應用方式,可同時達到處理廢棄物並且產生能源的目的。
本研究以迴流污泥粉末植種以暗醱酵及微生物電解電池評估甘藷酒渣經酸處理後的產氫潛能。暗醱酵部份以2%的酸液較3%的酸液在同樣的處理條件下有較大的產能,其中,鹽酸酸前處理其產氫量大於硫酸前處理,最大的產氫值為13.15 mmol H2/g COD。醱酵後的廢液以微生物電解電池持續產氫,在實驗過程中曾發現有產能變低的情形,推測應是交換膜變形所引起。在MEC反應中因產氫量不高,而使能量回收率低。結合暗醱酵與MEC得到的總產氫效率為0.11~0.68 mmole H2/g COD之間, COD移除在13~39%。


Since the 18th century industrial revolution, fossil fuels has become a major energy source to maintain human civilization, but it will cause environmental pollution and energy shortage problems. How to find a place of fossil fuels, and has features such as low pollution, and sustainability of alternative energy increasingly important. Biomass energy is to convert biomass into energy, a form of crop residues to produce hydrogen is a way of biomass energy applications, which can achieve the waste disposal and energy generation.
This study is to observe the hydrogen production potential of sweet potato lees after acid treatment. The assessing approach is to integrate dark fermentation and microbial electrolysis cell process. In the part of the fermentation, the hydrogen production potential of 2% acid concentration is higher than the 3% one; among which, the production of hydrogen which is dealt hydrochloric acid pretreated is higher than the one which is sulfuric acid pretreated, and the maximum hydrogen quantity is 13.15 mmole H2/g COD. Treating wastewater which is obtained after fermentation with microbial electrolysis cells and producing hydrogen. In microbial electrolysis cells, it has been found the decline of hydrogen production capacity during the experiment. the reason could be the exchange of membrane deformation. Because the MEC for hydrogen production reaction is not high, that thus results in lower energy recovery. Combining dark fermentation with MEC generates the total hydrogen production efficiency raging from 0.11 to 0.68 mmole H2/G COD, and COD removal rate ranges from 13 to 39 %.


摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 前言 1
第二章 文獻回顧 2
2.1能源型式的轉變 2
2.2氫能 2
2.3 木質纖維素 3
2.4 甘藷的特性 4
2.5 酸處理 4
2.6 醱酵植種 4
2.7暗醱酵產氫 5
2.8生物電化學處理 6
2.9 微生物燃料電池(Microbial Fuel Cells,MFCs) 6
2.10 微生物電解池(Microbial Electrolysis Cells,MECs) 8
2.10.1微生物電解池的產氫原理 9
2.10.2影響MECs的產氫因子 10
2.11 MECs生物輔助電解產氫 14
2.12實驗目的 14
第三章 材料與方法 15
3.1.實驗流程 15
3.2甘藷酒渣 16
3.3 植種 16
3.4 前處理 16
3.4.1物理處理(粉碎) 16
3.4.2化學處理(酸處理) 16
3.5 暗醱酵產氫實驗 18
3.5.1 植種 18
3.5.2 營養液 18
3.5.3樣品保存及取樣方式 18
3.6 暗醱酵產氫實驗 19
3.6.1 暗醱酵實驗操作方法 19
3.6.2 植種數量產氫實驗 20
3.6.3加熱還原醣實驗及以不同酸處理之酒渣產氫實驗 20
3.7 微生物電解池(microbial electrolysis cell, MEC)產氫實驗 22
3.7.1 MEC反應槽 23
3.7.2 操作程序 24
3.7.3 分析部分 25
3.8 計算部份 26
3.8.1 暗醱酵部份 26
第四章 結果與討論 29
4.1 評估產氫條件實驗 29
4.1.1植種產氫能力實驗 29
4.1.2 比較不同熱處理方式的酒渣樣本 32
4.2酸處理後酒渣上澄原液還原醣實驗 35
4.3 酒渣暗醱酵產氫實驗 36
4.4 MEC產氫實驗 39
4.4.1 以酒渣醱酵廢液進行MEC產氫 39
4.4.3 MEC參數比較 42
4.4.4 暗醱酵結合MEC之結果檢討 46
第五章 結論與建議 48
5-1結論 48
5-2 建議 49
第六章 參考文獻 50
附錄一 57
附錄二 59



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