(54.236.62.49) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/06 10:04
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:楊爵隆
研究生(外文):YANG CHUEH-LUNG
論文名稱:金屬空氣燃料電池催化觸媒層製備探討
論文名稱(外文):Preparation and Efficiency Analysis of Catalyst Layer for Metal-Air Fuel Cell
指導教授:李靖男李靖男引用關係
指導教授(外文):LEE JING-NANG
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立勤益科技大學
系所名稱:冷凍空調系
學門:工程學門
學類:其他工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:金屬空氣燃料電池催化觸媒層活性碳纖維布離子交換法
外文關鍵詞:Metal-Air Fuel CellCatalyst layerActivated Carbon Fibers ClothIon-exchange
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:126
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究探討金屬空氣燃料電池催化觸媒層製作及其觸媒含量對電池性能之影響,所使用的催化觸媒層為本實驗室自行製備完成,以比表面積大與具有支撐性的活性碳纖維布浸泡於不同莫耳濃度之觸媒溶液,並結合離子交換法製作而得,再利用X光繞射分析與影像型態分析進行催化觸媒層之影像結構成份、表面型態分析,低阻抗率計之表面電阻分析,最後進行電池性能之探討。
結果得知,觸媒有效吸附於BET1000活性碳纖維布之碳纖維上,並且有效降低活性碳纖維布之表面電阻值,電池性能也隨著觸媒溶液莫耳濃度升高而上升,其中以BET1000活性碳纖維布硝酸鎳觸媒溶液濃度2M時,開路電壓為1.5V,及在負載1歐姆時,輸出電流、電壓分別為300mA及0.79V較佳。又BET1500活性碳纖維布中,雖觸媒也有效吸附於碳纖維上,降低其表面電阻值,但因其本身碳纖維結構較鬆散且不完整與碳纖維微小孔洞之細孔徑過大,造成觸媒吸附上形成吸附位置不固定並產生觸媒團聚現象,導致性能沒有隨著觸媒溶液之莫耳濃度增加而上升。

This study examined the catalyst layer preparation and analyzed the influences on performance of metal air fuel cell. The catalyst that we used was made by our own laboratory. It compared with large surface area and a support of activated carbon fiber cloth that immersed in different molar concentrations of catalyst solution (Nickel nitrate and Cobalt nitrate), then combined with ion-exchange, used X-ray and SEM to scan the structure, composition and surface morphology analysis of low-impedance ratio meter. Finally, we will discuss the surface resistance measurement of the cell performance.
The results show that the effective catalyst adsorbed on BET1000 activated carbon fiber cloth, it can reduce the surface resistance of activated carbon fiber cloth, and the performance will be heighten by the catalyst solution with the molar concentration. It is the best performance in the experiment when BET1000 activated carbon fiber cloth 2M nickel nitrate catalyst concentration, the open circuit voltage(OCV) of 1.5V, at 1 ohm load, the current is 300mA with the voltage is 0.79V. Another result is about activated carbon fiber cloth in BET1500. Its carbon fiber structure is looser and more incomplete than in BET1000. Otherwise, its tiny pores in thin carbon fiber diameter are too large to adsorb. These cause the adsorbed adsorption sites and forms of the catalyst are not fixed and produce catalyst agglomeration, resulting in performance is not as catalyst molar solution of increasing concentration.

摘 要 i
Abstract ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 研究動機與目的 6
1.4 研究內容與架構 8
第二章 金屬空氣燃料電池概述 10
2.1 金屬空氣燃料電池基本原理 10
2.2 活性碳纖維構造 15
2.3 離子交換法 19
第三章 實驗方法 20
3.1 金屬空氣燃料電池催化觸媒層製作 20
3.2 自製催化觸媒層表面特性分析探討 22
3.2.1 X光繞射分析 22
3.2.2 影像型態分析 25
3.2.3 表面電阻 27
3.3 燃料電池模組量測 30
第四章 結果與討論 33
4.1 自製催化觸媒層成份分析 33
4.2 自製催化觸媒層表面型態分析 36
4.3 表面電阻分析 39
4.4 電池性能分析 43
第五章 結論與建議 48
參考文獻 49
附錄一 52
附錄二 68
附錄三 70
附錄四 72


[1]黃鎮江,燃料電池,全華出版社,2005年3月
[2]Lee, C.W., Sathiyanarayanan, K., Eom, S.W., Kim, H.S., Yun, M.S. " Effect of additives on the electrochemical behaviour of zinc anodes for zinc/air fuel cells " Journal of Power Sources, 2006, 160 (1), pp. 161-164
[3]Website of Power Air Corp.: www.poweraircorp.com.
[4]Linden,D.,"Handbook of Batteries",McGraw-Hill blishingCompany, New York, 1994
[5]R.J. Brodd, K.V.Kordesch. " Primary Batteries 1951–1976 "J.Electrochem, 1978, Soc., 125(7), pp. 271C-283C
[6]Linden, D., “Handbook of Batteries,” McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, New York, 1983
[7]李國欣,新型化學電源導論,復旦大學出版社,第九章,442(1992)
[8]M. H. Miles, and Y. H. Huang, " The Oxygen Electrode Reaction in Alkaline Solutions on Oxide Electrodes Prepared by the Thermal Decomposition Method ", J. Electrochem, 1978, Soc. 1931, pp.125
[9]Riezenman, Michael J. " The search for better batteries, " IEEE Spectrum [H.W. Wilson - AST], 1995 May, Vol. 32; pp. 51,
[10]D.Sieminski, " Recent advances in rechargeable zine-air battery technology" The Twelfth annual, Battery conference on applications and advances, 1997,pp. 171
[11]Bessel, C.A., Laubernds, K., Rodriguez, N.M., Baker, R.T.K. " Graphite nanofibers as an electrode for fuel cell applications " Journal of Physical Chemistry ,2001,B 105 (6), pp. 1121-1122
[12]Hammel, E., Tang, X., Trampert, M., Schmitt, T., Mauthner, K., Eder, A., Pötschke, P. " Carbon nanofibers for composite applications" , Carbon,2004, 42 (5-6), pp. 1153-1158
[13]Wang, F., Arai, S., Morimoto, S., Endo, M. " Ni-fluorinated vapor growth carbon fiber (VGCF) composite films prepared by an electrochemical deposition process " , Electrochemistry Communications, 2004, 6 (3), pp. 242-244
[14]Ho, C.T. " Nickel-coated carbon fiber-reinforced tin-lead alloy composites" , Journal of Materials Research, 1995, 10 (7), pp. 1730-1735
[15]Orlovskaja, L., Periene, N., Kurtinaitiene, M., Surviliene, S. " Ni-SiC composite plated under a modulated current " Surface and Coatings Technology, 1999, 111 (2-3), pp. 234-239
[16]Arai, S., Endo, M. " Carbon nanofiber-copper composite powder prepared by electrodeposition " , Electrochemistry Communications, 2003, 5 (9), pp. 797-799
[17]Website of Power Air Corp.: www.poweraircorp.com
[18]Erica K. Jacobsen , Julie Cunningham, "Aluminum–Air Battery" , Journal of Chemical Education, 2007,84(12),pp.1936A
[19]P. Sapkota, H. Kim, "Zinc–air fuel cell, a potential candidate for alternative energy" , Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry,2009, 15 ,pp.445–450
[20]劉奎府,"鑭鈣銅氧相關系列催化劑在鋅-空氣電池中還原反應之研究",國立交通大學材料科學與工程研究所碩士論文,2006
[21]劉邦昱," VOCs流體化床吸附處理系統",台灣環保產業雙月刊
[22]Website of taicarbon.: http://www.taicarbon.com.tw/
[23]陳冠宏,"以Cu/ACF 觸媒處理含氨水溶液之研究 ",國立中山大學環境工程研究所碩士論文, 2003
[24]洪凱炫,"於活性碳纖維布表面生長奈米碳纖維",國立大同大學材料工程研究所碩士論文,2004
[25]J. Goldstein, I. Brown, and B. Koretz " New developments in the Electric Fuel Ltd. zinc/air system " Journal of Power Sources, Volume 80, Issues 1-2, July 1999, pp. 171-179
[26]P. Sapkota, and H. Kim, " An experimental study on the performance of a zinc air fuel cell with inexpensive metal oxide catalysts and porous organic polymer separators" , Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Volume 16, Issue 1, 25 January 2010, pp. 39-44
[27]Such-Basáñez, M. C. Román-Martínez, and C. S-M. de Lecea, " Ligand adsorption on different activated carbon materials for catalyst anchorage" Carbon, 42(7), 2004, pp. 1357-1361
[28]H. Bunazawa, and Y. Yamazaki, " Influence of anion ionomer content and silver cathode catalyst on the performance of alkaline membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs)", Journal of Power Sources, 182(1), 15 July 2008, pp. 48-51
[29]汪建民主編,材料分析,中國材料科學學會,2004.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔