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研究生:李端
研究生(外文):TuanLi
論文名稱:利用十二個三維電磁極於微感應馬達轉速節制
論文名稱(外文):Speed Regulation for Induction-type Micro-motor by Twelve Three-dimensional EM Poles
指導教授:蔡南全
指導教授(外文):Nan-Chyuan Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:機械工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:127
中文關鍵詞:微型馬達轉速節制順划控制
外文關鍵詞:Micro-motorSpeed RegulationSliding Mode Control
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 下載下載:16
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本研究主要針對電磁式感應微型馬達之轉子做定轉速控制,以十二個三維電磁極(內藏鐵芯)做為驅動電極,同時搭配光二極體做轉子轉速偵測。 本論文首先對微馬達轉子進行動態分析以擬定控制策略,藉此設計一順划控制器以達到轉速節制與轉子偏距(轉子偏心造成之徑向偏擺)抑制。 本文並提出光感測器與微轉子結構之製程設計並對三維微型電磁極之微製造做改良。
本研究提出一創新T型轉子結構設計。 主要優點可大幅降低轉子內徑與軸承結構接觸時之摩擦力,並維持原有之微小間隙。 本設計利用犧牲層技術使轉子結構產生規則性孔洞,進而減少轉子轉動慣量,降低轉子啟動時所需之龐大扭力,提升微馬達低速時之效能。 此規則性開孔亦可配合光感測器,作為轉子轉速偵測之透光孔。 此外,本論文於動態分析發現本論文所提出之微馬達具有頻率雙尺度效應。 主要原因由於偏心效應會造成微轉子具有低頻之公轉運動,此低頻之公轉效應與轉子之自轉頻率相差約10倍以上。 此效應在巨觀馬達中一般可以忽略,但是對於微馬達中的轉動穩定性以及效能影響卻是相當顯著。 此外,由於三維電磁極產生之電磁力為時變且非線性,因此使得控制器的設計上更加複雜。 本文提出一雙頻式反運算策略,同時利用高頻以及低頻控制訊號並搭配運用反運算策略,可有效避免計時器之誤差,並反推系統所需之電流大小與電流頻率,使定子產生所需控制力,使微轉子穩定轉動。 本論文初步藉由電腦模擬驗證所提出之控制策略,模擬結果顯示其具有良好之轉速節制與偏距抑制效能。

The main goal of this research is to regulate the spinning speed of an induction-type micro-motor which is driven by twelve three-dimensional electro-magnetic poles(3D EM Poles) in which individually iron core is embedded. Photodiode array is included to detect the real-time speed of the rotating disc. To investigate the dynamics of the micro-motor, commercial software MATLAB is employed. By dual-frequency controller design, Low-frequency signal is applied to the system to regulate the precession effect induced by the eccentricity of the rotor. The rotor spinning frequency is about 10 times against the precession frequency. Since the magnetic force is highly nonlinear and time-varying, the characteristic of 3D EM Poles is described by a nonlinear mathematic model, in terms of frequency and amplitude of the applied current. Based on the mathematic model of the magnetic force by the 12 3D EM poles, the Sliding Mode Controller (SMC) is synthesized to calculate the required magnetic force to simultaneously regulate the offset, precession and spinning speed of the eccentric micro-rotor. The intensive computer simulation results exhibit superior performance of the control strategies for speed regulation.
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………….... I
英文摘要………………………………………………………………... …... III
致謝…………………………………………………………………….. …... IV
目錄………………………………………………………………………….. V
表目錄…………………………………………………………………….. VIII
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………….IX

第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………….......... 1
1-1 前言…………………………………………………………………...1
1-2 文獻回顧……………………………………………………………...1
1-3 研究動機與目的……………………………………………………...5
1-4 論文架構……………………………………………………...............6
第二章 電磁式微型馬達之設計……………………………….....................7
2-1 電磁式微型馬達之結構設計與作動原理…………………………...9
2-2 光二極體感測器………………………….........................................15
2-2-1光二極體感測器之簡介與運作原理.......................................16
2-2-2光二極體感測器之設計與分析...............................................19
2-3 電磁式微型馬達之動態分析.............................................................27
2-3-1 電磁式微型馬達之數學模型..................................................27
2-3-2 電磁式微型馬達之動態分析..................................................32
第三章 微型馬達之控制策略.......................................................................36
3-1 電磁式微型馬達之控制策略............................................................37
3-2 順划控制器設計................................................................................47
第四章 微型馬達之定轉速控制...................................................................58
4-1 微型馬達系統架構............................................................................58
4-2 微型馬達定轉速控制........................................................................59
第五章 微型馬達製程設計與實作...............................................................68
5-1 微型馬達製程設計.............................................................................68
5-1-1 定子結構層製程設計之改善..................................................68
5-1-2 轉子結構層製程設計..............................................................78
5-1-3 感測結構層製程設計..............................................................88
5-2 微型馬達之實作.................................................................................93
5-2-1 定子結構層製作......................................................................93
5-2-2 轉子結構層製作....................................................................114
5-3 結論...................................................................................................120
第六章 結論與未來展望.............................................................................121
6-1 結論..................................................................................................121
6-2 未來展望..........................................................................................123
參考文獻.......................................................................................................124

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