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研究生:蔡正鳴
研究生(外文):Jeng-MingTsai
論文名稱:不同等級技巧之運動員在網球正拍揮擊時之動態平衡與肢體動作之差異
論文名稱(外文):The dynamic balance and upper extremity motion differences in tennis forehand stoke in different skill level players
指導教授:王苓華王苓華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin-Hwa Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:體育健康育與休閒研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:正拍擊球質量中心動態平衡質量中心速度
外文關鍵詞:forehand strokescenter of massdynamic balancecenter of mass’s velocity
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網球運動中,正拍擊球是重要的基本動作之一。人體質量中心於擊球過程中,隨著身體的動作及動量的轉移而改變,進而影響選手的動態平衡,並影響下一個擊球準備動作的恢復。運用優秀的策略控制體質量中心的變化,可以讓選手於擊球後,縮短恢復穩定狀態的時間,移動會較快速,爭取到較多的擊球準備時間,如此一來,可增進擊球威力和表現。研究身體質量中心於正拍擊球過程中速度及位置的改變,可以用來定量擊球過程中,選手動態平衡的狀況。在不同高度的擊球動作中,身體對於平衡所運用的策略和困難度也有所不同,不同技術等級的選手,所運用的平衡策略也應該有所不同。本實驗的目的為分析不同技術等級的球員,在擊球高度不一樣的情況下,其身體質量中心的改變、軀幹的旋轉及關節角度的變化。總共有十二名球員參與本實驗,依程度分為進階組和中級組,搜集正手拍高重心和低重心之直線和對角線擊球資料作分析。實驗結果顯示,高重心直線球速高於低重心直線球速;高重心擊球軀幹較屈曲、外展,而低重心擊球有較大的旋轉;於質量中心位置,進階組於加速期,前、後重心變化較中級組大,於對角線高重心擊球時,前、後重心變化最少。於加速期,高重心擊球的上、下重心變化最大;於質量中心速度,對角線高重心擊球時,於前、後重心速度較大。高重心擊球方式於擊球加速期時,上、下重心速度較大。低重心擊球方式,於左、右重心速度較大。實驗的結果將可有效的協助網球教練,於訓練選手時運用科學的根據,或作為篩選球員的方法。本研究將是少數將實驗直接在網球場進行的研究之一。
In tennis sport, forehand stroke is one of the most important fundamental aspects. During the process of stroke, the center of mass (COM) movement influences in dynamic balance of players, momentum transfer, and quick recovery for the preparation of next hit. Proper strategy of controlling COM change enables the players to shorten stabilized time after each stroke and to achieve rapid change of body movement. Moreover, it will let players gain more preparation time for each stroke. Ultimately, it will increase the performance and power of each stroke. Studying COM movement in the process of speed and position change during forehand stroke will be useful to quantify dynamic balance of players during the strokes. When hitting balls at different heights, strategies and difficulties of body balancing will be different. Additionally, strategies of body balancing should be different for different players at different skill levels. The purpose of this study is to analyze the COM change, trunk rotation and joints’ angle change in players at different skill levels during forehand strokes in different heights. A total of 20 players was enrolled in this experiment. They were classified into two groups: advanced and intermediate groups, respectively. The data of straight and cross-court strokes of forehand high body gravity and forehand low body gravity were collected and analyzed. The results indicated that speed of straight strokes at high body gravity was faster than that of straight strokes at low body gravity. Generally, strokes at high body gravity were more flextion and abduction, but strokes at low body gravity were more rotated. In terms of COM, body gravity in advanced group was more changeable than that in intermediate group during acceleration stage, but less changeable in cross-court strokes. In acceleration stage, COM in vertical plane was more changeable and speedable when strokes at high body gravity . There was more speedable when COM in sagital plane at high body gravity cross-court strokes, when strokes at low body gravity were more speedable in transition plane. The results from this experiment can be used to assist tennis coaches applying scientific evidence in training players, or to be used as a reference in player screening. Moreover, this study will be the one of the few studies that directly collected data from tennis courts.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌 謝 IV
目 錄 V
表 目 錄 VII
圖 目 錄 X
第一章 緒? 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的與假設 3
第三節 研究假定 4
第四節 研究範圍與限制 4
第五節 名詞解釋與操作性定義 5
第六節 研究的重要性 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
第一節 網球正手拍擊球之研究 6
第二節 人體質量中心控制和動作策略之研究 7
第三節 質量中心與運動相關之研究 7
第四節 總結 8
第三章 研究方法與步驟 10
第一節 實驗對象 10
第二節 實驗器材 11
第三節 理論基礎 13
第四節 實驗場地佈置 16
第五節 實驗步驟 17
第六節 實驗資料分析與處理 20
第四章 結果 22
第一節 球速與各階段動作時間差異 22
第二節 上肢與軀幹角運動 24
第三節 質量中心位置的變化情形 50
第四節 質量中心速度的變化情形 55
第五章 討論 65
第一節 球速與各階段動作之探討 65
第二節 上肢與軀幹角運動之探討 65
第三節 質量中心位置之探討 66
第四節 質量中心速度之探討 67
第六章 結論與建議 68
第一節 結論 68
第二節 建議 69
參考文獻 70
附錄一 實驗參與者基本資料 73


一、中文部分
王苓華. (1997). 網球正拍抽球不同後拉拍之三維角運動分析. 成大體育研究集刊, 3, 69-77.
二、英文部分
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Bahamonde, R., & Knudson, D. (2003). Kinetics of the upper extremity in the open and square stance tennis forehand. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 6(1), 88-101.
Bahamonde, R. E. (2000). Changes in Angular Momentum during the Tennis Serve. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(8), 579-592.
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Chu, D., & Rolley, L. (2001). Improving Footwork and Conditioning. Illinois: Human Kinetics.
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Gordon, K. E., Ferris, D. P., & Kuo, A. D. (2009). Metabolic and Mechanical Energy Costs of Reducing Vertical Center of Mass Movement During Gait. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90, 136-144.
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Knudson, D. V. (1991). Factors Affecting Force Loading on the Hand in the Tennis Forehand. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 31, 527-531.
Knudson, D. V. (1991). Force on the hand in the tennis one-handed backhand. International Journal Of Sport Biomechanics, 7, 282-292.
Knudson, D. V., & White, S. C. (1989). Forces on the hand in the tennis forehand drive: Application of force sensing resistors. International Journal Of Sport Biomechanics, 5, 324-331.
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Liao, C.-F., & Lin, S.-I. (2008). Effects of different movement strategies on forward reach distance. Gait & Posture, 28, 16-23.
Lin, H. T., Su, F. C., Nakamura, M., & Chao, E. Y. S. (2003). Complex chain of Momentum Transfer of Body Segments in the Baseball Pitching Motion. Journal of the Chinese Institute Engineers, 26(6), 861-868.
Lin, H.-T., Su, F.-C., Nakamura, M., & Chao, E. Y. S. (2003). Complex Chain of Momentum Transfer of Body Segments in the Baseball Pitching Motion. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, 26(6), 861-868.
Morris, M., Jobe, F. W., Perry, J., Pink, M., & Healy, B. (1989). Electromyographic analysis of elbow function in tennis players. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 17, 241-247.
Orendurff, M. S., Segal, A. D., Klute, G. K., Berge, J. S., Rohr, E. S., & Kadel., N. J. (2004). The effect of walking speed on center of mass displacement. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 41(6A), 829-834.
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Pedrocchi, A., Baroni, G., Mouchnino, L., Ferrigno, G., Pedotti, A., & Massion, J. (2002). Absence of center of mass control for leg abduction in long-term weightlessness in humans. Neuroscience Letters, 319, 172-176.
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Wang, L. H., & Lin, H. T. (2005). Momentum Transfer of Upper Extremity in Tennis One-Handed backhand drive. Journal of Mechanics in Medicine & Biology, 5, 231-141.

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