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研究生:張縈君
研究生(外文):Chang Ying Chun
論文名稱:當地外包之決定因素
論文名稱(外文):The Determinants of Local Outsourcing
指導教授:莊文彬莊文彬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Zhuang Wen Bin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:國際企業學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:交易成本資源依賴網絡鑲嵌子公司自主性當地外包
外文關鍵詞:Transaction CostResource DependenceNetwork EmbeddednessSubsidiary AutonomyLocal Outsourcing
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過去的研究,大多是以多國籍企業的角度出發,認為海外子公司的角色在於支援與執行母公司的全球性策略。但在原物料成本紛紛上漲下,多國籍企業為了降低營運成本,提高生產效率,並使公司整體獲利能力提高,開始將勞力密集度高、替代高以及技術層面較低的非策略性活動,交由海外子公司外包給當地企業來執行;而近年來,多國籍企業也逐漸將財務、軟體發展與產品開發等高附加價值的活動,從原本多國籍企業的事業網絡,移轉至其他中低薪的海外子公司生產,使得母公司本身可以更專注於企業內部的核心強項。因此,本研究將專注於多國籍企業的海外子公司,並以交易成本、資源依賴、網絡鑲嵌理論與當地外包之相關研究來做為理論基礎,進而探討為何多國籍企業會將高附加價值的活動移往海外子公司,以及找出影響海外子公司將外包活動交予當地廠商執行的因素。
The past research focuses were almost from the MNEs perspectives, and were emphasized that the role of foreign subsidiary was based on the implementation or support of the MNEs’ global strategies. However, to lower the operational costs, elevate the productive efficiency so as to make the corporate profitability higher, MNEs gives the labor-intensive, low-technological, and non-strategic activities to foreign subsidiaries outsourcing to the local firms. And the present studies shows that MNEs increasingly transfer the high-value added activities from the business network of MNEs to the lower-wages subsidiary, such as finance, software development, and product development etc.. Therefore, this study will emphasize on the MNE subsidiary to explore why MNEs have transferred the highly value-added activities to the subsidiaries, and to find out what factors would affect the MNE subsidiary on the decision making of local outsourcing by local firms by introducing the four main theories – transaction cost theory, resource dependence theory, network embeddedness theory, and related research of local outsourcing.
目錄

第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………………………01
第一節 研究背景與動機…………………………………………………………………01
第二節 研究問題與目的…………………………………………………………………02
第三節 論文架構…………………………………………………………………………03

第二章 文獻探討………………………………………………………………………04
第一節 外包之傳統觀點………………………………………………………………04
第二節 網絡鑲嵌理論…………………………………………………………………10
第三節 海外子公司之決策自主性……………………………………………………18
第四節 當地外包之相關研究…………………………………………………………26

第三章 研究方法………………………………………………………………………33
第一節 研究架構………………………………………………………………………33
第二節 研究假設………………………………………………………………………34
第三節 研究設計………………………………………………………………………40

第四章 實證結果………………………………………………………………………46
第一節 敘述統計分析…………………………………………………………………46
第二節 變異數分析……………………………………………………………………50
第三節 實證結果………………………………………………………………………53

第五章 結論與建議……………………………………………………………………77
第一節 研究結論………………………………………………………………………77
第二節 管理意涵………………………………………………………………………80
第三節 後續研究建議…………………………………………………………………82

參考文獻 …………………………………………………………………………………84


表目錄
表2.1 網絡定義彙整表………………………………………………………………12
表3.1 研究變數之預期方向…………………………………………………………43
表4.1 2006年台灣製造業廠商其最主要海外投資地區之進料比例………………46
表4.2 樣本投資地區之敘述統計…………………………………………………47
表4.3 不同外包對象對於樣本投資地區之敘述統計……………………………47
表4.4 樣本投資產業之敘述統計…………………………………………………48
表4.5 不同外包對象對於樣本投資產業之敘述統計……………………………49
表4.6 樣本投資產業與投資地區之交叉分析……………………………………49
表4.7 當地企業對投資地區之變異數分析………………………………………50
表4.8 當地台商企業對投資地區之變異數分析…………………………………50
表4.9 當地非台商企業對投資地區之變異數分析………………………………51
表4.10 當地企業對投資產業之變異數分析………………………………………51
表4.11 當地台商企業對投資產業之變異數分析…………………………………52
表4.12 當地非台商企業對投資產業之變異數分析………………………………52
表4.13 研究變數間相關係數表……………………………………………………54
表4.14 迴歸分析結果………………………………………………………………56
表4.15 實證結果……………………………………………………………………65
表4.16 當地企業對投資地區別之迴歸分析………………………………………67
表4.17 當地台商企業與非台商企業對於投資地區別之迴歸分析………………69
表4.18 當地企業對投資產業別之迴歸分析………………………………………71
表4.19 當地台商企業對投資產業別之迴歸分析…………………………………73
表4.20 當地非台商企業對投資產業別之迴歸分析………………………………75


圖目錄

圖3.1 研究架構……………………………………………………………………33
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