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研究生:洪詩淳
研究生(外文):Shih-Chun Hung
論文名稱:有氧耐力對射箭選手壓力荷爾蒙調節之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Influence of Aerobic Endurance on Hormone Adjustments of Archery Contestants
指導教授:邱炳坤邱炳坤引用關係張嘉澤張嘉澤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ping-Kun ChiuJia-Tzer Jang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:射箭有氧耐力壓力荷爾蒙皮質醇狀態性焦慮
外文關鍵詞:archeryaerobic endurancestress hormonecortisolstate anxiety
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本研究旨在探討射箭選手有氧耐力能力是否對比賽中壓力荷爾蒙調節產生影響。以六名高中男性射箭選手為受試對象,受試者分別接受2-4mmol/l有氧無氧閾值檢測及縣市等級之正式比賽,以皮爾森積差相關、重複量數單因子變異數進行分析,顯著水準定為p<.05。研究結果如下:
(1)有氧閾值速度與專項能力、自信心呈正相關;與競賽唾液皮質醇、身體焦慮呈負相關。
(2)競賽第二局唾液皮質醇濃度顯著高於第一局(p<.05);唾液皮質醇與身體焦慮呈正相關;與自信心呈負相關。
(3) 比賽重要性與身體焦慮呈負相關,與自信心呈正相關。
根據研究結果分析歸納結論如下:
(1)本研究受試者擁有較佳有氧耐力能力者其專項成績表現較好,自信心較高,在運動負荷中壓力的調控亦較佳。
(2)本研究受試者競賽中唾液皮質醇濃度有隨著運動負荷、競賽壓力及運動時間增加之趨勢。
(3)有氧-無氧閾值速度越高者,競賽中唾液皮質醇濃度上升比率較低,由機轉得知其具有較佳之內分泌調控能力,有助於穩定比賽情緒,提昇選手抗壓能力。

This research tends to probe into if aerobic endurance of archers influences their hormone adjustments under pressure of competition. Objects were six senior high archers receiving respectively 2- 4mmol/l aerobic or anaerobic threshold value tests, taking part in formal competitions in counties or cities; data of which further analyzed with Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation Coefficients and with Repeated revealed Measure One-Way ANOVA, significance level set at p&lt;.05, yielded the results of the research as below:
(1) The speed of aerobic threshold value was positive correlative with special item ability and confidence; and was negative correlative with cortisol saliva and body anxiety.
(2) The thickness of cortisol saliva in the second round was greater than that in the first round (P&lt;.05). The cortisol salvia was positive correlative with body anxiety, and negative correlative with confidence.
(3) The importance of the competitions was negative correlative with body anxiety; and positive correlative with confidence.
Thus, conclusions are induced and drawn as below:
(1) The examinees having better aerobic endurance abilities achieve better in special competition events, enjoy greater confidence, and are more fit to pressure of sports workload.
(2) The thickness of cortisol saliva of the examinees increases along with their sports workload, pressure of competition, and spans of sports.
(3) Those having higher aerobic-anaerobic threshold speed values are entitled of lower increasing ratio of cortisol salvia thickness, and from transferication it is assumed they are more gifted in adjusting internal secretion, stabilizing moods and resisting compression.

目 錄

中文摘要Ⅰ
英文摘要Ⅱ
致謝ⅣⅤ
目錄Ⅴ
表目錄Ⅶ
圖目錄Ⅷ
縮圖表Ⅸ

第壹章 緒論1

第一節 研究動機1
第二節 研究目的3
第三節 名詞操作性定義3

第貳章 文獻探討4

第一節 壓力反應中的生理變化4
第二節 壓力荷爾蒙之相關研究19
第三節 有氧耐力與射箭運動23

第参章 實驗方法與步驟31

第一節 研究對象32
第二節 實驗方法33
第三節 實驗儀器與設備37
第四節 實驗程序與流程38
第五節 資料處理與分析40

第肆章 結果分析與討論41

第一節 個人有氧-無氧閾值(2-4mmol/l)檢測42
第二節 專項成績與壓力荷爾蒙之分析44
第三節 狀態性焦慮與自覺量表之分析49
第四節 基礎與專項能力檢測之相關探討57

第陸章 結論與建議80

第一節 結論80
第二節 建議 81

參考文獻82

中文部分82
外文部分85

附錄93

附錄一 疾病調查表93
附錄二 腎上腺活性皮質醇(Free-Cortisol)檢驗操作步驟94
附錄三 狀態性焦慮量表95


表 目 錄

表2-1 自律神經控制5
表2-2 Catecholamine釋放與效果10

表2-3 耐力訓練效果27
表3-1 受試者基本資料32
表3-2 基礎(2-4 mmol/l)測試步驟34
表4-1-1 個人有氧無氧閾值(2-4mmol/l)能力分析42
表4-1-2 個人有氧無氧閾值(2-4mmol/l)數據分析43
表4-2-1 專項成績分析44
表4-2-2 不同時間點唾液皮質醇之差異46
表4-3-1 狀態性焦慮在賽前、賽中及賽後變化之t考驗49
表4-3-2 賽前狀態性焦慮各分量表的相關係數50
表4-3-3 賽中狀態性焦慮各分量表的相關係數50
表4-3-4 賽後狀態性焦慮各分量表的相關係數51
表4-3-5 運動自覺量表54
表4-3-6 專項負荷RPE之t考驗55
表4-4-1 專項成績與RPE之相關係數72
表4-4-2 狀態性焦慮與比賽重要性之相關係數77


圖 目 錄

圖2-1 內分泌系統釋放與作用機制6
圖2-2 壓力中的生理反應7
圖2-3 壓力刺激引起皮質醇分泌增加之路徑8
圖2-4 每跳輸出的影響因素25
圖3-1 場地示意圖34
圖3-2 實驗架構38
圖3-3 實驗流程圖39
圖 3-4 檢測流程圖39
圖4-2-1 專項成績能力45
圖4-2-2 不同時間點唾液皮質醇濃度之變化47
圖4-3-1 專項負荷中RPE之變化53
圖4-4-1 有氧閾值速度與專項成績之相關57
圖4-4-2 無氧閾值速度與專項成績之相關58
圖4-4-3 有氧閾值與唾液皮質醇濃度之相關59
圖4-4-4 無氧閾值與唾液皮質醇濃度之相關60
圖4-4-5 有氧閾值與身體焦慮之相關62
圖4-4-6 有氧閾值與認知焦慮之相關63
圖4-4-7 有氧閾值與自信心之相關64
圖4-4-8 專項成績與壓力荷爾蒙之相關66
圖4-4-9 專項成績與身體焦慮之相關68
圖4-4-10 專項成績與認知焦慮之相關69
圖4-4-11 專項成績與自信心之相關70
圖4-4-12 唾液皮質醇濃度與身體焦慮之相關73
圖4-4-13 唾液皮質醇濃度與認知焦慮之相關74
圖4-4-14 唾液皮質醇濃度與自信心之相關75

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