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研究生:吳晉維
研究生(外文):Chin-Wei Wu
論文名稱:中華職棒大聯盟選手營養增補劑使用狀況調查
論文名稱(外文):A Survey on the Use of Nutritional Supplements in Chinese Professional Baseball League Players
指導教授:詹貴惠詹貴惠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuei-hui Chan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:棒球營養增補劑營養調查
外文關鍵詞:baseballnutritional supplementsnutritional survey
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目的:探討中華職棒大聯盟選手使用營養增補劑的情形。方法:以不記名方式問卷調查四隊共109名中華職棒大聯盟選手選手,使用營養增補劑之內容、訊息來源及使用考量;並將使用之營養增補劑種類分為:「維生素/礦物質類」、「蛋白質類」、「提神飲料」、「保健食品」及「即時能量補給品」,所得之結果以百分比呈現。並以卡方考驗比較各隊間使用營養增補劑之差異。結果:在109位中華職棒大聯盟選手中,使用營養增補劑的人數為88位,使用率為81% ,平均每位選手使用5.0±3.2種不同種類的營養增補劑。選手常用的營養增補劑為綜合維生素 (68.2%)、維生素B群 (59.1%)、能量果凍/棒 (40.9%)、鈣 (31.8%)、維生素C (29.5%)。維生素/礦物質類、蛋白質類、即時能量補充品、保健食品及提神飲料之使用比率分別為49.3%、9.5%、13.9%、18.2%及9.1%。使用時期主要為平時,使用時機多為運動前,使用頻率則以一天一次居多。選手使用營養增補劑的主要考量為:消除疲勞(79.3%)、補充營養(59.8%)、獲得能量(47.1%)、增進體能(39.1%)、增進運動表現(34.5%) 等。選手使用營養增補劑的主要資訊來源為隊友、防護員/體能指導員、營養師、朋友與醫生,比率比例分別為60.9%、55.2%、34.5%、28.7%與25.3%。在各隊間使用營養增補劑方面,統一隊及興農隊的選手在維生素/礦物質的使用比率上高於兄弟隊選手,統一隊選手在即時能量補充品的使用比率高於兄弟隊、La New隊及興農隊的選手,統一隊選手在保健食品的使用比率上高於兄弟隊及La New隊的選手,而四隊選手對蛋白質類及提神飲料的使用比率則無差異。結論:中華職棒選手普遍有使用營養增補劑,主要希望藉由營養增補劑以消除疲勞。而隊友為營養相關訊息的主要來源,四隊選手在維生素/礦物質、能量補充品及保健食品的使用比率有差異。
Purpose: To survey the supplementation practices in the Chinese professional baseball league players in Taiwan. Methods: A survey of anonymous questionnaire was conducted to investigate the usage of nutritional supplements, source of information and usage reasons in 109 baseball players from 4 teams. The supplements were classified to vitamin/mineral, proteins, and reinvigorate beverage, functional food and instant energy supplements. The data was presented as percentage. The usage differences between teams were analyzed by chi-square. Result: Eighty eight players (81%) used some form of dietary supplements. Each player uses an average of 5.0±3.2 different products. The most frequently used supplements were multiple vitamin/mineral (68.2%), vitamin B complex (59.1%), energy jelly (40.9%), and calcium (31.8%), vitamin C (29.5%). The usage for vitamin/mineral, proteins, reinvigorate beverage, functional food and instant energy supplements were 49.3%, 9.5%, 13.9%, 18.2% and 9.1%, respectively. The major considered reasons for supplement usage were fatigue reduction/elimination (79.3%), nutrients replacement (59.8%), energy gaining (47.1%), physical ability increasing (39.1%), and performance enhancement (34.5%). The major sources of the supplement information were from teamates (60.9%), athletic trainer/strength and conditioning instructor (55.2%), dietitian (34.5%), friend (28.7%), and doctor (25.3%). The usage percentage of vitamin/mineral in the players of Uni and Sinon were higher than those of Brothers. The usage percentage of instant energy supplements in the players of Uni was higher than those of the other teams. The usage percentage of functional food in the players of Uni and Sinon were higher than those of Brothers and LaNew. There were no differences in the usage of proteins and reinvigoration beverage among teams. Conclusions: The use of nutritional supplements in the players of Chinese professional baseball league is widespread. The major reason for use was fatigue reduction/elimination. The major sources of the supplement information were from teamates. There were significantly differences in the usage percentage of vitamin/mineral, instant energy supplements, and functional food among teams.
目 錄

中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅲ
謝誌 Ⅴ
目錄 Ⅵ
表目錄 Ⅷ
圖目錄 Ⅸ

第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 問題背景 1
第二節 研究目的 3

第貳章 文獻探討 4
第一節 運動選手使用營養增補劑之內容 4
第二節 運動選手使用營養增補劑之考量 11
第三節 運動選手使用營養增補劑之資訊來源 16
第四節 文獻小結 22

第叁章 研究方法 23
第一節 研究架構 23
第二節 研究流程 25
第三節 研究對象 26
第四節 研究工具 26
第五節 資料處理 26
第肆章 結果與討論 28
第一節 使用營養增補劑之內容 29
第二節 使用營養增補劑考量 43
第三節 使用營養增補劑的資訊來源 44
第四節 不同球隊選手使用營養增補劑之差異 46

第伍章 結論 47

參考文獻 48
中文部份 48
外文部份 48

附錄一 研究使用之問卷 54



中文部份
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外文部份
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