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研究生:張鈞富
論文名稱:高導熱鋁基複合材料(Gr/A356)之擠壓鑄造製程與性質研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Fabrication and Properties of High Thermal Conductivity Aluminum Composite(Gr/A356) by Squeeze Casting
指導教授:朝春光劉增豐
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:材料科學與工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:鋁基複合材料導熱石墨
外文關鍵詞:aluminum matrix compositethermal conductivitygraphite
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本實驗以擠壓鑄造法製作高導熱係數之石墨-鋁基複合材料,將鱗狀石墨與顆粒狀石墨以不同比例均勻混合後置入模具以10MPa的壓力預壓,然後加熱至550℃,隨後將750℃的A356鋁湯以50MPa的壓力擠入。可得石墨均勻散佈且幾無氣孔之石墨-鋁基複合材料以OM,SEM觀察其表面形態與微結構並使用x-光散射儀分析石墨與A356是否產生Al4C3化合物。最後使用TPS2500熱傳導係數儀測量複合材料的熱傳導係數與熱擴散係數。
依實驗結果顯示,若石墨全為顆粒狀石墨,石墨的體積分率僅43%,複合材料的導熱係數為174W/mK,在石墨中加入鱗狀石墨則後,石墨的體積分率可依鱗狀石墨的比例增加至74.6%,而複合材料的導熱係數可達263W/mK 是A356基材128W/mK的兩倍以上。
Manufacturing high thermal conductivity and high volume fraction graphite-reinforced aluminum matrix composite was taken by squeeze casting procedure. Mixing several different ratios of flake graphite and particulate graphite, then those mixtures pour into the mold and pre-pressed with pressure 10MPa.Graphite was heated up to 550℃ and the melting aluminum alloy (A356) with 750℃ was infiltrated into the interconnect pores of graphite by 50MPa pressure. A uniform and nearly pore less graphite-reinforced aluminum matrix composite can be obtained. After the observation of the surface morphology and microstructure via optical microscope (OM) and scanning election microscope (SEM), as well as phase analysis by X-ray diffractometer, there is no A14C3 compound between graphite and aluminums interface. The thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity were measured by TPS2500 thermal conductivity analyzer.
The test result shows that graphite volume fraction is only 43% and thermal conductivity of aluminum composite is about 174W/mK with all graphite particles. Owing to the addition of flake graphite, the volume fraction of graphite can be increased to 74.6%. The thermal conductivity of aluminum composite is raised up to 263W/mK which is 2 times higher than that of A356 (128W/mK).

第一章 前言 …………………………………………………………… 1
第二章 文獻回顧………………………………………………………… 3
2-1 鋁基複合材料………………………………………………… 3
2-2 鋁基複合材料製程技術……………………………………… 4
2-3 高導熱鋁基複合材料………………………………………… 6
2-4 材料之導熱係數計算與原理………………………………… 7
2-5 熱傳導係數量測技術簡介…………………………………… 10
第三章 實驗方法………………………………………………………… 16
3-1 實驗材料……………………………………………………… 16
3-1-1 材料選用 ………………………………………………… 16
3-1-2 顆粒調配 ………………………………………………… 16
3-2 複合材料的擠壓鑄造…………………………………………… 16
3-2-1 擠壓鑄造流程……………………………………………… 16
3-2-2 儀器設備 ………………………………………………… 16
3-2-3 模具安裝…………………………………………………… 16
3-2-4 粉體預壓…………………………………………………… 17
3-2-5 粉體預熱…………………………………………………… 17
3-2-6 擠壓鑄造…………………………………………………… 17
3-3 測試及分析……………………………………………………… 17
3-3-1 密度測試…………………………………………………… 17
3-3-2 石墨體積分率之計算……………………………………… 18
3-3-3石墨-鋁基材界面分析……………………………………… 18
3-3-4 光學顯微鏡金相觀察……………………………………… 18
3-3-5 掃描式電子顯微鏡金相觀察……………………………… 18
3-3-6 TPS熱傳導係數儀量測…………………………………… 18
第四章 結果與討論 ……………………………………………………… 26
4-1 鋁基複合材料中石墨體積分率 ……………………………… 26
4-2 擠壓鑄造後塊材之微結構分析……………………………… 28
4-3 石墨-鋁基複合材料之界面分析 …………………………… 28
4-4 石墨體積分率與熱傳導係數關係…………………………… 29
第五章 結論 …………………………………………………………… 43
參考文獻………………………………………………………………… 44

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