(3.238.186.43) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/02/28 21:13
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:曾怡雅
研究生(外文):Tseng, Yi-Ya
論文名稱:大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態之相關研究
論文名稱(外文):The Correlative Study of Separation Individuation, Parent Attachment, and Career Identity Status of Undergraduate Students
指導教授:許鶯珠許鶯珠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsu, Ying-Chu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:146
中文關鍵詞:分離個體化父母依附生涯自我認同狀態
外文關鍵詞:separation individuationparent attachmentcareer identity status
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:35
  • 點閱點閱:2838
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:729
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:7
本研究之目的在探討大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態之關係,以及了解分離個體化、父母依附是否可共同預測生涯自我認同狀態。本研究以「心理分離量表」、父母依附量表」、「生涯自我認同狀態量表」為研究工具,以國內高校體系及技職體系之大學生為研究對象,進行問卷調查研究。正式施測採叢集抽樣的方式,共獲得有效問卷624份,並以描述統計、獨立樣本t考驗、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關、典型相關、多元逐步迴歸分析等統計方法,進行資料分析。本研究的結果如下:
(一)男生在「情緒獨立」、尋求意見獨立、認同達成、認同早閉、認同迷失程度高於女生,女生則在角色認同獨立程度高於男生。
(二)大四之「尋求意見獨立」、認同達成程度高於大一,大一之認同尋求、認同迷失程度高於大四。
(三)有離家經驗者之分離個體化程度均高於尚未離家者;尚未離家者之認同早閉、認同迷失程度高於有離家經驗者。
(四)技職院校大學生認同早閉、認同迷失程度高於一般大學生。
(五)大學生分離個體化和父母依附之間有中低程度的負相關。
(六)大學生解決問題獨立程度越高,越少呈現認同早閉;衝突獨立程度越高,越少呈現認同達成。
(七)大學生與父母溝通程度越高,越呈現認同早閉。
(八)在預測結果上,顯示解決問題獨立、衝突獨立、溝通能預測認同達成;情緒獨立、解決問題獨立、親密能預測認同尋求;解決問題獨立、意識形態獨立、情緒獨立能預測認同早閉;解決問題獨立、意識形態獨立及親密能預測認同迷失。最後,根據研究結果與討論,針對未來研究及實務應用提出建議及方向。

The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship among separation individuation, parent attachment, and career identity status for undergraduate students. Besides, the study examines if students’ perceived separation individuation and parent attachment can predict career identity status. The measuring tools used in this study include “Psychological Separation Inventory”, “Inventory of Parent Attachment”, ”Extended Objective Measure Ego Identity Status ”. The questionnaires were administered to 624 undergraduate students in Taiwan. The results of survey were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson product- moment correlation, canonical correlation analysis, and multiple stepwise regression analysis. The results of the study are as follow: 1. Male students are higher than female students in “emotional independence”, “advice-seeking independence”, “identity achievement”, “foreclosure”, and “identity diffusion”, but female students are higher than male students in “role identity independence”. 2. Senior students are higher than freshmen in “advice-seeking independence” and “identity achievement”, but freshmen are higher than senior students in “moratorium” and “identity diffusion”. 3. Students who have ever left home show more “separation individuation”, and students who have never left home show more “moratorium” and “identity diffusion”. 4. Vocational college students show more “moratorium” and “identity diffusion” than regular college students. 5. Separation individuation and parent attachment has show medium to low negative correlation. 6. Students with higher “problem-solving independence” show less “foreclosure”, and with higher “conflictual independence” show less “identity achievement”. 7. Students who have more communication with parents show more “foreclosure”. 8. In predicting results, it shows that “problem-solving independence”, “conflictual independence”, and “communication” can predict “identity achievement”; “emotional independence”, “problem-solving independence”, and “intimate” can predict “moratorium”; “problem-solving independence”, “ideological independence”, and ’’emotional independence’’ can predict “foreclosure”; “problem-solving independence”, “ideological independence”, and “intimate” can predict “identity diffusion”. Last, the advanced discussions and suggestions are addressed based on the results of this study.
中文摘要 ………………………………………………………………I
英文摘要 ………………………………………………………………II
誌謝 …………………………………………………………………III
目錄 ……………………………………………………………………IV

第一章 緒論 …………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究動機與研究目的 …………………………………… 1
第二節 研究問題 ……………………………………………… 7
第三節 名詞釋義 ……………………………………………… 7
第二章 文獻探討 …………………………………………………… 10
第一節 分離個體化的內涵及相關研究 ……………………… 10
第二節 依附的內涵及相關研究 ……………………………… 23
第三節 生涯自我認同狀態的內涵及相關研究 ……………… 36
第四節 大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態的
相關研究 ……………………………………………… 51
第三章 研究方法 …………………………………………………… 61
第一節 研究架構 ……………………………………………… 61
第二節 研究假設 ……………………………………………… 62
第三節 研究對象 ……………………………………………… 62
第四節 研究工具 ……………………………………………… 64
第五節 資料處理與分析 ……………………………………… 73
第六節 研究程序 ……………………………………………… 75
第四章 研究結果 …………………………………………………… 76
第一節 大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態之
現況……………………………………………………… 76
第二節 大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態之
差異分析………………………………………………… 79
第三節 大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態之
相關分析 …………………………………………………87
第四節 大學生分離個體化、父母依附對生涯自我認同狀態之預
測分析…………………………………………………… 95
第五章 討論與結論 …………………………………………………101
第一節 不同背景變項大學生在分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯
自我認同狀態之差異情形…………………………… 101
第二節 大學生分離個體化、父母依附、及生涯自我認同狀態之
相關情形……………………………………………… 105
第三節 大學生分離個體化、父母依附對生涯自我認同狀態之預
測情形………………………………………………… 109
第四節 結論…………………………………………………… 112
第五節 研究限制與未來建議………………………………… 114
參考文獻 …………………………………………………………… 119
壹、中文部份 …………………………………………………119
貳、英文部份 …………………………………………………121
附錄一 預試量表…………………………………………………… 131
附錄二 正式量表…………………………………………………… 134
附錄三 心理分離量表項目分析表……………………………… 139
附錄四 父母依附量表項目分析表 ………………………………142
附錄五 心理分離量表授權同意書………………………………… 144
附錄六 父母同儕依附量表翻譯授權同意書 …………………… 144
附錄七 生涯自我認同狀態量表授權同意書 …………………… 145

壹、中文部份
王仲匡(2003)。大學新生依附關係與生活適應之相關研究。國立暨南國際大學輔導與諮商研究所碩士論文。
江捷如(1998)。二專學生在心理分離、依附關係與其生涯定向之關係。國立政治大學心理學研究研究所碩士論文。
吳亞紘(2004)。技職生離合關係、同儕互動與生活型態之相關研究。中國文化大學心理輔導研究所碩士論文。
吳明隆、?顗鱁?2005)。SPSS與統計應用分析。台北,五南出版社。
吳明穎(2007)。青少年在分離-個體化、與父母依附及其對人際互動、憂鬱在關聯性研究。中原大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
呂麗雪(1997)。青少年心理分離意義之探討。國立政治大學教育研究所碩士論文。
李美枝(1998)。中國人親子關係在內涵與功能:以大學生為例。本土心理學研究,9,3-52。
汪佳佩(2006)。台北縣市技專校院二技部應屆畢業生生涯自我效能、自我認定狀態與生涯承諾之相關研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系所碩士論文。
林俊彥、郭宗賢、何俐安、郭彥谷(2006)。技職校院學生生涯規劃之探討。學校行政雙月刊,45,124-139。
孫世維(1997)。親子依附與分離--- 個體化:大學時期在發展。教育與心理研究,20,271-296。
孫世維(1998)。大學生在分離-個體化與相關家庭因素。中華心理衛生學刊,11(2),21-58。
孫雅琇(2007)。高職特教班輕度智能障礙學生自我認同、依附關係與職業成熟度之相關研究。國立彰化師範大學特殊教育所碩士論文。
張東盟(2006)。南投縣國中原住民學生自我認同與依附關係之相關研究。南華大學生死學研究所碩士論文。
張麗玲(2006)。青少年在依附、同儕關係、愛情關係與認同之關係研究。大葉大學教育專業發展研究所碩士論文。
陳怡樺(2007)。大學生自我分化、親子衝突與生涯決定狀態關係之研究。國立台中教育大學諮商與應用心理所碩士論文。
陳欣怡(2000)。依附關係與生涯探索、生涯不確定源、生涯定向狀態之相關研究。國立彰化師範大學輔導與諮商所碩士論文。
陳秉華(1995)。諮商中大學生在心理分離─個體化衝突改變歷程研究。教育心理學報,28,145-176。
陳郁齡(1999)。家庭功能與大學生個體化、生活適應之關係研究。國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所碩士論文。
陳姵君(2007)。青少年依附關係、自我認同、獨處能力與情緒調節之關係。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文。
陳惠怡(2005)。臺北市高中生依附關係及自我概念影響生涯定向之相關研究。國立臺北教育大學教育心理與諮商所碩士論文。
惠 風(1995)。大一學生原生家庭經驗、心理分離—個體化、與情緒適應之相關研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
黃郁喬(2005)。離家過程中親子關係在離與合:分離個體化與依戀品質對親子關係滿意度在影響。國立台灣大學心理研究所碩士論文。
黃慧雯(2001)。大學生在自我分化、社會活動經驗與自我認定狀態之相關研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
黃稼芸(2007)。大學生離家經驗、依附風格與大學適應之研究。國立新竹教育大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士論文。
楊智馨(1997)。大學生生涯發展狀況與自我認定狀態之相關研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
楊智馨、林世華(1998)。大學生生涯發展狀況與自我認定狀態之關係。教育心理學報,30(2),1-16。
董氏基金會(2008)。大學生主觀壓力源與憂鬱情緒之相關性調查。取自2008年10月06日,http://www.jtf.org.tw/psyche/melancholia/survey.asp?This=69&Page=1。
劉姿君(1996)。大學生自我認定狀態與其生涯決定程度及自我分化水準之關係研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
劉敏珍(2000)。老年人之人際親密、依附風格與幸福感之關係研究。國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所碩士論文。
劉惠琴(2005)。親子關係中「多元個體化」在歷程與測量。中華衛生心理學刊,18(4),55-92。
蔡秀玲、吳麗娟(1998)。不同性別大學生在依附關係、個體化與適應之關係。教育心理學報,30(1),73-90。
鄭宇?(2004)。與父母分離-個體化、貴人經驗與國中生在人我知覺、人際互動模式之關係研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
鄭靖芬(2005)。師範學院生與一般大學校院教育學程生就讀歸因、生涯自我效 能、自我認定狀態與任教承諾之比較研究—以臺南地區為例。國立臺南大學教育經營與管理研究所碩士論文。
蘇育萱(2007)。大一離家學生在分離個體化、社會支持與生活適應之關係。國立政治大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
貳、英文部份
Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1979). Infant-mother attachment. American Psychologist, 34(10), 932-937.
Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1989). Attachment beyond infancy. American Psychologist, 44(4), 709-716.
Ainsworth, M.,& Bowlby, J. (1991). An Ethological Approach to Personality Development. American Psychologist, 46(4), 333-341.
Anderson, S. A., & Fleming, W. M. (1986a). Late adolescents' home-leaving strategies: Predicting ego identity and college adjustment. Adolescence, 21(82), 453-459.
Anderson, S. A., & Fleming, W. M. (1986b). Late adolescents' identity formation: individuation from the family of origin. Adolescence, 21(84), 785-795.
Anderson, S. A., & Sabatelli, R. M. (1990). Differentiating differentiation and individuation: Conceptual and operation challenges. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 18(1), 32-49.
Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16(5), 427-454.
Arnett, J. (2000). Emerging adulthood--A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American psychologist, 55(5), 469-480.
Arseth, A. K., Kroger, J., Martinussen, M., & Marcia, J. E. (2009). Meta-Analytic studies of identity status and the relational issues of attachment and intimacy. Identity, 9(1), 1-32.
Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M. (1991). Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four-category model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61(2), 226-244.
Bartle, E. S., & Rosen, k. (1994). Individuation and relationship violence. The American Journal of Family Ttherapy, 22 (3), 222-235.
Bennion, L., & Adams, G. R. (1986). A revision of the extended version of the objective measure of ego identity status: An identity instrument for use with late adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 1(2), 183-197.
Benson, M. J. , Harris, P. B., & Rogers, C. S. (1992). Identity consequences of attachment to mothers and fathers among late adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescents , 2(3), 187-204.
Bernier, A., Larson, S., & Whipple, N. (2005). Leaving home for college: A potentially streeful event for adolescents with preoccupied attachment patterns. Attachment & Human development, 7(2), 171-185.
Berri'os -Allison, A. C. (2005). Family influences on college sudents' occupational identity. Journal of Career Assessment, 13(2), 233-247.
Bilsker, D., Schiedel, D., & Marcia, J. E. (1988). Sex differences in identity status. Sex Roles, 18(3/4), 231-236.
Blazina, C., & Watkins, C. E. Jr. (2000). Separation/individuation, parental attachment, and male gender role conflict: Attitudes toward the feminine and the fragile masculine self. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 1(2), 126-132.
Blazina, C., Eddins, R., Burridge, A., & Settle, A. G. (2007). The relationship between masculinity ideology, loneliness, and separation-individuation difficulties. Journal of Men's Studies, 15(1), 101-109.
Blos, P. (1967). The second individuation process of adolescence. Psychoanalytic Study of Child, 72, 162-186.
Blos, P. (1979) . The adolescent passage : Developmental issues. Madison, CT:International Universities Press.
Blustein, D. L., Devenis, L. E., & Kidney, B. (1989). Relationship between the identity formation process and career development. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 36(2), 196-202.
Blustein, D. L., Prezioso, M. S., & Schultheiss, D. P. (1995). Attachment theory and career development: Current status and future directions. Counseling Psychologist, 23(3), 416-432.
Blustein, D. L., Walbridge, M. M., Friedlander, M. L., & Palladino, D, E. (1991). Contribution of psychological separation and parental attachment to the career development process. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38(1), 39-50.
Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. NY: Basic Books.
Campbell, E., Adams, G. R., Dobson, W. R. (1984). Familial correlates of identity formation in late adolescence: A study of the predictive utility of connectedness and individuality in family relations. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 13(6), 509-525.
Choi, K. H. (2002). Psychological separation-individuation and adjustment to college among Korean American students: The roles of collectivism and individualism. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49(4), 468-475.
Dien, D. (1992). Gender and individuation: China and the West. Psychoanalytic Review, 79, 105-119.
Erikson, E. H. (1963). Children and society (2nd ed.). NY: Norton.
Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and Crisis. NY: W. W. Norton and Company.
Frey, L. L., Beesley, D., & Miller, M. R. (2006). Relational health, attachment, and psychological distress in college women and men. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 30(3), 303-311.
Furstenberg, F. F., Rumbaut, R. G., & Settersten, R. A. (2005). On the frontier of adulthood: Emerging themes and new directions. In R. A. Settersten, F. F. Furstenberg, & R. G. Rumbaut (Eds.), On the frontier of adulthood: Theory, research, and public policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Grotevant, H. D., & Adams, G. R. (1984). Development of an objective measure to assess Ego identity in adolescence: Validation and replication. Journal of youth and adolescence, 13(5), 419-438.
Grotevant, H. D., & Cooper, C. R. (1986). Individuation in family relationship. Human Development, 29(2), 82-100.
Grotevant, H. D., Thorbecke, W. L., & Meyer, R. (1982). Sex differences in styles of occupational identity formation in late adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 18, 396-405.
Guerra, A. L., & Braungart-Rieker, J. M. (1999). Predicting career indecision in college students: The roles of identity formation and parental relationship factors. Career Development Quarterly, 47(3), 255-266.
Hair, J. F. Jr., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., Black, W. C. (1995). Canonical correlation analysis. Multivariate data analysis (4th ., pp 326-363). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Hargrove, B. K., Creagh, M. G., & Burgess, B. L. (2002). Family interaction patterns as predictors of vocational identity and career decision-making self-efficacy. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61(2), 185-201.
Hodgson, J.W., &Fischer, J. L. (1979). Sex differences in identity and intimacy development in college youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 8, 37–50.
Hoffman, J. A. (1984). Psychological separation of late adolescents from parents. Journal of counseling psychology, 31(2), 170-178.
Holmbeck, G. N., & Wandrei, M. L.(1993). Individual and relational predictor of adjustment in first-year college student. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 40(1), 73-78.
Johnson, P., Buboltz, W. C., & Nichols, C. C. (1999). Parental divorce, family functioning, and vocational identity of college students. Journal of Career Development, 26(2), 137-146.
Josselson, R. (1980). Ego development in adolescence. In J. Adelson (Eds.),Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York: Wiley.
Kenny, M. E. (1987). The extent and function of parental attachment among first-year college students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16(1), 17-27.
Kenny, M. E. (1990). College seniors’perceptions of parental attachments: The value and stability of family ties. Journal of College Student Development, 31(3), 39-46.
Kenny, M. E., & Donaldson, G. A. (1991). Contributions of parental attachment and family structure to the social and psychological functioning of first-year college students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38(4), 479-486.
Ketterson, T. U. & Blustein, D. L. (1997).Attachment relationships and the career exploration process. Career Development Quarterly, 46(2), 167-178.
Kobak, R. R., & Sceery, A. (1988). Attachment in late adolescence: Working models, affect regulation and representations of self and others. Child Development, 59, 135-146.
Kroger, J. (1985). Separation-individuation and ego identity status in New Zealand university students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 14(2), 133-145.
Kroger, J. (2000). Ego identity status research in the new millennium. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24(2), 145-148.
Kroger, J., & Haslett, S. J.(1988). Separation-individuation and ego identity status in late adolescence: a two-year longitudinal study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 17(1), 59-79.
Lapsley, D. K., & Edgerton, J. E. (2002). Separation-individuation, adult attachment style, and colledge adjnustment. Journal of counseling and development, 80, 484-492.
Lapsley, D. K., Rice, K. G., & Shadid, G. E. (1989). Psychological separation and adjustment to college. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 36(3), 286-294.
Lapsley, D. K., Rice, K. G., & FitzGerald, D. (1990). Adolescent attachment, identity, and adjustment to college: Implications for the continuity of adaptation hypothesis. Journal of Counseling and Development, 68(5), 561-565.
Larose, S., & Boivin, M. (1998). Attachment to parents, social support expectations, and socioemotional adjustment during the high school-college transition. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 8(1), 1-27.
Levine, J. B., Green, C. J., & Millon, T. (1986). The separation-individuation test of adolescence. Journal of Personality Assessment, 50(1), 123-l37.
Lewis, H. L. (2003). Differences in ego identity among college students across age, ethnicity, and gender. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 3(2), 159-189.
Lopez, F. G., Campbell, V. L., & Watkins, C. E. Jr. (1986). Depression, psychological separation, and college adjustment: An investigation of sex differences. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33(1), 52-56.
Lopez, F. G. (1989). Current family dynamics, trait anxiety, and academic adjustment: Test of a family-based model of vocational identity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 35(1), 76-87.
Lopez, F. G., & Andrews, S. (1987). Career indecision: A family systems perspective. Journal of Counseling and Development, 65(6), 304-307.
Lopez, F. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). Dynamic processes underlying adult attachment organization: Toward an attachment theoretical perspective on the healthy and effective self. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(3), 283-300.
Lopez, F. G., & Gormley, B. (2002). Stability and change in adult attachment style over the first-year college transition: Relations to self-confidence, coping, and distress patterns. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49(3), 355-364.
Lopez, F. G., Mitchell, P., & Gormley, B. (2002). Adult attachment orientations and college student distress: Test of a mediational model. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49(4), 460-467.
Lucas, M. (1997). Identity development, career development, and psychological separation from parents: Similarities and differences between men and women. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 44(2), 123-132.
Mahler, M. S., Pine, F., & Bergman, A. (1975). The psychological birth of the human infant. NY: Basic Books.
Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and validation of ego-identity status. Journal of personality and social psychology, 3(5), 551-558.
Marcia, J. E. (1980). Identity in adolescence. In Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, J. Adelson (Ed.). (pp. 159-187) NY: Wiley,
Mattanah, J. F., Hancock, G.. R., & Brand, B. L. (2004). Parental attachment, separation-individuation, and college student adjustment: A structural equation analysis of mediational effects. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51(2), 213-225.
Meeus, W., Iedema, J., Helsen, M., & Vollebergh, W. (1999). Patterns of adolescent identity development: Review of literature and longitudinal analysis. Developmental Review, 19(4), 419-461.
Moore, D. W. (1987). Parent-adolescent separation: The construction of adulthood by late adolescents. Development Psychology, 23(2), 298-307.
Pietromonaco, P. R., & Barrett, L. F. (2000). The internal working models concept: What do we really know about the self in relation to others? General Review of Psychology, 4(2), 155-175.
Quintana, S. M., & Kerr, J. (1993). Relational needs in late adolescent separation-individuation. Journal of Counseling and Development, 71(3), 349-354.
Reich, W. A., & Siegel, H. I. (2002). Attachment, ego-identity development and exploratory interest in university students. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 5(2), 125-134.
Rice, K. G., Cole, D. A., & Lapsley, D. K. (1990). Separation-individuation, family cohesion, and adjustment to college: Measurement validation and test of a theoretical model. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 37(2), 195-202.
Rice, K. G., FitzGerald, D. P., Whaley, T. J. & Gibbs, C. L. (1995). Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Examination of Attachment, Separation-Individuation, and College Student Adjustment. Journal of Counseling & Development, 73(4), 463-474.
Ryan, R. M., & Lynch, J. H. (1989). Emotional autonomy versus detachment: Revisiting the vicissitudes of adolescence and young adulthood. Child Development, 60(2), 340-356.
Schultheiss, D. E. P., & Blustein, D. L. (1994a). Role of adolescent-parent relationships in college student development and adjustment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 41(2), 248-255.
Schultheiss, D. P., & Blustein, D. L. (1994b). Contributions of family relationship factors to the identity formation process. Journal of Counseling & Psychology, 73(2), 159-166.
Schwartz, J. P., & Buboltz, W. C. Jr. (2004). The relationship between attachment to parents and psychological separation in college students. Journal of College Student Development, 45(5), 566-577.
Sroufe, L. A. (2002). From infant attachment to promotion of adolescent autonomy: Prospective, longitudinal data on the role of parents in development. In: J. G. Borkowski, S. L. Ramey, & M. Bristol-Power (Eds.), Parenting and the child's world: Influences on academic, intellectual, and social-emotional development (pp. 187-202). Mahwah, NJ, US: Erlbaum.
Sroufe, L.A. & Waters, E. (1977). Attachment as an organizational perspective. Child Development, 48, 1184-1199.
Sullivan, K. & Sullivan, A. (1980). Adolescent-parent separation. Developmental Psychology, 16, 93-99.
Super, D. E. (1957). The Psychology of Careers. NY : Harper & Row.
Super, D. E. (1976). Career Education and the Meaning of Work. Monogrephon Career Education. Washington, DC.:The Office of Career Education,U.S. Office of Education.
Tokar, R. M., Withrow, I. R., Hall, R. J., & Moradi, B. (2003). Psychological separation, attachment security, vocational self-concept crystallization, and career indecision: A structural equation analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 50(1), 3-19.
Vivona, J. M. (2000). Parental attachment styles of late adolescents: Qualities of attachment relationships and consequences for adjustment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(3), 316-329.
Waterman, A. S., & Waterman, C. K. (1971). A longitudinal study of changes in ego identity status during freshmen year at college. Developmental Psychology, 5(1), 167-173.
Zimmermann, P., & Becker-Stoll, F. (2002). Stability of attachment representations in adolescence: The influence of ego-identity status. Journal of Adolescence, 25(1), 107-124.


連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔