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研究生:楊明杰
研究生(外文):Yang, Ming-Chieh
論文名稱:機車駕駛人防衛性駕駛能力量測與影響因素之研究
論文名稱(外文):Exploring the Defensive Driving Ability of Motorcyclists and Its Affecting Factors
指導教授:張新立張新立引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang, Hsin-Li
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:運輸科技與管理學系
學門:運輸服務學門
學類:運輸管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:47
中文關鍵詞:防衛性駕駛能力Rasch模式
外文關鍵詞:Defensive driving abilityRasch model
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國內機車駕駛人涉入事故比例高,然而許多交通事故是可以預先避免的,防衛性駕駛能力可定義為事先預防事故發生的能力。本研究嘗試以不同情境設計並發展「防衛性駕駛能力」量表,並利用試題反應理論中之Rasch模式進行試題難度與受測者防衛性駕駛能力之量測,以量測機車駕駛人之防衛性駕駛能力,並探討其影響因素。本研究以台北市機車駕駛人為實證研究對象,研究結果顯示受測者較容易忽略起步時的潛在風險,男性、年長、每日使用機車時間長、騎乘年資高、對駕駛技術有自信的機車駕駛人均具有較高的防衛性駕駛能力,而防衛性駕駛能力則與事故經驗存在負向之相關。本研究建議應透過教育與宣導加強機車駕駛人之防衛性駕駛觀念,以增進機車駕駛人之行車安全。
This study was conducted to develop an inventory to measure motorcyclists’ defensive driving ability and its affecting factor. The risky situations encountered by motorcyclists when riding motorcycles were collected and designed as the items of the inventory, and 846 motorcyclists in Taipei were interviewed through face-to-face survey for empirical study purpose. The Rasch model was then applied to estimate the parameters for both the item difficulty and person ability. The study result showed that motorcyclists are likely to neglect the potential risk when starting their motorcycles. Moreover, it also indicated that those with higher defensive driving ability have the following characteristics: male, elder, longer riding time per day, more experience and more confidence. Contrarily, relationship between defensive driving ability and experiences of accidents is negative. In conclusion, for enhancement of safety, the concept about defensive driving ability should be educated and advertised.
誌謝..............................................iii
目錄...............................................iv
表目錄.............................................vi
圖目錄............................................vii
第一章 緒論........................................1
1.1 研究背景與動機................................1
1.2 研究目的與內容................................2
1.3 研究範圍與對象................................2
1.4 研究架構......................................3
1.5 研究流程......................................3
第二章 文獻回顧....................................6
2.1 防衛性駕駛....................................6
2.1.1 防衛性駕駛定義............................6
2.1.2 防衛性駕駛相關文獻........................6
2.2 駕駛能力......................................7
2.2.1 駕駛能力定義..............................7
2.2.2 駕駛能力量測..............................7
2.2.3 駕駛能力相關文獻..........................8
2.3 文獻小結.....................................11
第三章 研究方法...................................12
3.1 研究假設.....................................12
3.2 問卷抽樣與調查...............................12
3.3 試題反應理論.................................13
3.4 Rasch模式....................................14
第四章 問卷設計、施測與樣本結構分析...............20
4.1 問卷設計.....................................20
4.2 問卷初測.....................................20
4.3 問卷正式調查.................................21
4.4 樣本結構分析.................................22
第五章 防衛性駕駛能力與影響因素分析...............26
5.1 問卷構面分析.................................26
5.1.1 單向度檢測...............................26
5.1.2 信度檢測.................................27
5.1.3 試題難度與配適度分析.....................27
5.2 影響因素分析.................................31
5.2.1 單因子變異數分析.........................31
5.2.2 相關分析.................................35
第六章 結論與建議.................................37
6.1 結論.........................................37
6.2 建議.........................................38
參考文獻...........................................40
附錄一.............................................43
附錄二.............................................45
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