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研究生:黃順敏
研究生(外文):Huang, Shun-Min
論文名稱:禪坐者之心肺相位同步分析
論文名稱(外文):Cardiorespiratory phase synchronization for Chan-meditation practitioners
指導教授:羅佩禎羅佩禎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lo, Pei-Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:電控工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:英文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:希爾伯特-黃轉換經驗模態分解法心肺相位同步
外文關鍵詞:HHTEMDCardiorespiratory phase synchronization
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本研究主要是想探討禪坐練習者在不同的呼吸速率下,心肺交互作用的情形,我們用心率時間序列和呼吸訊號的瞬時相位去觀察此一現象,由於心率的變化是由很多不同的生理機制所影響,故使用傳統的線性方法很難準確的估算心率時間序列的瞬時相位,故本研究使用希爾伯特-黃轉換去分析心率時間序列,它是近來被用來處理非線性訊號的方法,我們希望藉由希爾伯特-黃轉換去獲得更為準確的瞬時相位。本研究共收集了12年齡相似的受測者的心電圖和呼吸訊號,其中實驗組為6具有禪坐經驗者,而控制組6受測者則無此經驗。由結果發現,控制組在控制呼吸為每分鐘10次的實驗階段有顯著性(p<0.02)心肺相位同步現象發生,而實驗組所呈現的結果相較於控制組是較分歧的。我們假設主要的原因為實驗組在禪定過程中的呼吸率是不一致的,禪定者的呼吸率會隨著時間而一直變化著。根據此結果,我們推論在比較慢並且變化比較平穩的呼吸速率下,可能會增加心肺系統之間的同步現象。
This research is aimed at the investigation of the effect of respiratory rate on cardiorespiratory phase synchronization (CRPS) for the Chan-meditation practitioners (experimental group) and normal, healthy people (control group). Cardiorespiratory phase synchronization was evaluated by the instantaneous phase of the heart-rate (HR) sequence and respiratory signal. Conventional linear method cannot provide a reliable estimate of instantaneous phase of HR sequence due to the possible interference of other biological artifacts to the HR activities. To deal with the issue, Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) was adopted to decompose HR sequence. HHT has been applied to nonlinear signal processing recently. We aimed to attain a more precise estimate of instantaneous phase by HHT scheme. In this study, ECG (electrocardiograph) signals and respiratory signals of twelve subjects were recorded. Among them, six subjects were Chan-meditation practitioners and the other six subjects are normal people in the same age range, yet, without any meditation experience. The control group was requested to follow intentionally designed protocol in the recording, while the experimental subjects only practiced Chan meditation. In our preliminary results, control subjects exhibited significant better degree of CRPS in the session of breathing control at the rate of 10 breaths/min. One the other hand, experimental group did not exhibit significant correlation between CRPS and respiratory rate. According to the time-dependent respiratory signal, meditation practitioners breathed in a free style during Chan meditation and thus could not keep a constant respiratory rate for a moderate duration. The experimental group thus did not achieve the state of CRPS as good as the control group even at the same respiratory rate of 10 breaths/min. We thus make an assumption that a consistently slow respiration can induce an efficient CRPS.
Content i
List of Tables iii
List of Figures iv
Chapter1 1
Introduction 1
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Aim of this work 3
Chapter 2 4
Theories and Methods 4
2.1 Introduction to ECG and Respiration 5
2.1.1 Introduction to ECG 5
2.1.2 Chest and Abdominal Respiration 8
2.2 Instantaneous phase analysis 10
2.2.1 Introduction to HHT 10
2.2.2 Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) method 13
2.2.3 Discrete Hilbert transform (DHT) 18
2.3 Analysis of Cardiorespiratory Phase Synchronization 19
Chapter 3 23
Experiment and Signal Analysis 23
3.1 Experimental Setup and Procedure 23
3.1.1 Control Group 24
3.1.2 Experimental Group 24
3.1.3 Signal Acquisition 25
3.1.4 Measurement of ECG signal 27
3.1.5 Measurement of respiratory signal 28
3.2 Cardiorespiratory Phase Synchronization Analysis 29
3.3 Strategy for Estimating Respiratory Rate 35
Chapter 4 36
Results and Inspection 36
4.1 Results for control group 36
4.2 Results for experimental group 43
4.3 Overall comparison between two groups 54
Chapter 5 59
Conclusion and Discussion 59
5.1 Conclusion and Discussion 59
5.2 Future Work 60
Reference 61
Appendix A 65
R Peak and Respiratory Peak Detections 65
I.1 R Peak Detection 65
I.2 Respiratory Peak Detection 67
Appendix B 70
Formal Chan-meditation Practice 70
Appendix C 71
Continuous Hilbert transform 71

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