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研究生:陳雅萍
論文名稱:探討藉由混掺具互補性氫鍵有機可溶多面體矽氧烷寡聚體提升尿嘧啶-芘之光電特性
論文名稱(外文):The study of enhancing electroluminescence performance of Uracil-Pyrene light emitting device via blending with complementary hydrogen bonding organosolube POSS
指導教授:張豐志
指導教授(外文):Chang, Feng-Chih
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:應用化學研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:氫鍵作用力多面體矽氧烷寡聚體尿嘧啶-芘光電特性
外文關鍵詞:hydrogen bondingPOSSUracil-Pyreneelectroluminescence performance
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:146
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
我們製備了DAP-POSS與UPy藉由三點式氫鍵作用力所產生的自組裝系統,經由FT-IR與1HNMR確認了氫鍵的形成,並計算出在1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane-d2溶劑中的結合常數為36.8M-1。所有DAP-POSS混掺UPy的錯合物組成其熱穩定性皆優於純UPy,因UPy/DAP-POSS產生的超分子錯合物而使兩者有良好的相容性,在DSC上僅觀測到一個Tg,XRD則可看到隨著DAP-POSS量的增加,芘所產生的π-π堆疊下降,此乃因為DAP-POSS破壞了UPy的堆疊,螢光放射光譜上可看到在400 nm芘單體的放射峰出現,在高溫下顏色穩定度與放射波長強度上升。

電激放光元件結構為ITO/PEDOT:PSS(50 nm)/LEM(50 nm)/LiF(15 nm)/Al(100 nm),電致放光光譜相較於UPy的放射光譜,DAP-POSS/UPy放射光譜藍移了23nm,因為DAP-POSS破壞了UPy的堆疊,電致放光光譜上可看到在400 nm的芘單體放射峰出現。混掺DAP-POSS的元件因為減低了漏電流的產生,故放光強度(202 cd/m2 at 8 V for 80/20,93 cd/m2 at 8 V for 70/30)較未混掺DAP-POSS的元件(59 cd/m2 at 9.5 V for 100/0)來的高,放光效率掺了DAP-POSS元件放光效率(0.13 lm/W at 150 mA/cm2 for 80/20,0.08 lm/W at 80 mA/cm2 for 70/30)較未混掺DAP-POSS的元件(0.015lm/W at 140 mA/cm2 for for 100/0)來的高。CIE座標圖隨著掺入DAP-POSS量上升,UPy/AP-POSS比例由100/0(0.18, 0.27)移動到80/20(0.16, 0.23),最後到70/30(0.15, 0.20)。

中文摘要………………………………………………………………I
英文摘要………………………………………………………………III
謝誌………………………………………………………………V
目錄……………………………………………………………………VI
圖目錄………………………………………………………………IX
表目錄………………………………………………………………XII
附圖目錄……………………………………………………………XIII

第一章 序論……………………………………………………………1
1.1 有機發光材料(Organic light emitting material)………………1
1.1.1 光放光理論(Photoluminescence)……………………………2
1.1.2 量子產率(Quantum yield)……………………………………5
1.1.3 電機發光原理(Electroluminescence)………………………5
1.1.4 芘(pyrene)…………………………………………………10
1.2 超分子化學(Supramolecular chemistry)……………………15
1.2.1 分子識別(molecular recognition)…………………………18
1.2.2 氫鍵(Hydrogen bond)…………………………………………20
1.3 有機無機奈米複合材料…………………………………………25
1.3.1 多面體矽氧烷寡聚物(Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes,POSS)材料發展的起源………………………………………………25
1.3.2 多面體矽氧烷寡聚物在光電材料應用………………………28
1.4 文獻回顧…………………………………………………………31
1.4.1 單取代POSS在共軛系統中文獻回顧…………………………31
1.4.2 多取代POSS在共軛樹枝狀大分子(conjugated dendrimers)之文獻回顧………………………………………………………………32
1.5 研究動機…………………………………………………………35
第二章 實驗部份……………………………………………………37
2.1 溶媒及處理過程…………………………………………………37
2.2 藥品………………………………………………………………37
2.3 實驗器材與光譜儀器……………………………………………37
2.3.1 元件測量(Measurement of device)……………………………37
2.3.2 薄膜色層分析(Thin Layer Chromatography,TLC)…………38
2.3.3 管柱色層分析(column chromatography)…………………38
2.3.4 核磁共振光譜(Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, NMR)………38
2.3.5 微差掃描熱卡計(Differential Scanning Calorimeter,DSC)…39
2.3.6 熱重分析儀(Thermal Gravimetric Analyzer,TGA)………40
2.3.7 傅立葉轉換紅外光光譜儀(Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer,FT-IR)…………………………………………………40
2.3.8 X光粉末射線繞射儀(X-Ray Diffraction)…………………40
2.3.9 紫外線與可見光譜儀 ( UV-Vis Spectrophotometer)……41
2.3.10 PL螢光光譜儀 (Luminescence Spectrophotometer)……42
2.4 實驗步驟…………………………………………………………42
第三章 結果與討論…………………………………………………48
3.1 各骨架合成探討…………………………………………………48
3.2 分子識別作用力測量…………………………………………52
3.3 熱性質測量………………………………………………………57
3.4 微差掃描熱卡計分析……………………………………………59
3.5 X光粉末射線繞射分析…………………………………………63
3.6 光學性質探討……………………………………………………67
3.7 老化實驗…………………………………………………………73
3.8 有機發光二極體元件製作與光電性質量測……………………77
第四章 結論…………………………………………………………82
第五章 參考文獻……………………………………………………84
附圖……………………………………………………………………93

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