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研究生:廖建智
研究生(外文):Liao, Chien-Chih
論文名稱:光彈調變式偏光儀對光學補償彎曲式液晶盒的量測
論文名稱(外文):The optically compensated bend cell measured by photoelastic modulated polarimetry
指導教授:趙于飛
指導教授(外文):Chao, Yu-Faye
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:顯示科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:偏光儀光學補償彎曲預傾角鬆弛彎曲態
外文關鍵詞:polarimetryOCBpretilt anglerelaxed bend state
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本論文研究量測OCB液晶盒的預傾角,藉由量測OCB液晶盒在各入射角的相位延遲與理論曲線擬合以求出最佳預傾角大小,同時修正液晶盒在注入液晶之後的厚度。OCB液晶盒的液晶分子排列狀態在外加電壓加至臨界電壓的情況下由斜展態而成彎曲態。當OCB液晶盒在彎曲態時突然移除偏壓,會有一短暫且高亮度的暫穩態,稱為鬆弛彎曲態,因不需要保持臨界電壓,故有省電的優點。利用光彈調變式偏光儀量測OCB液晶盒在外加驅動電壓的偏光參數Ψ和Δ,並將其轉換成史托克參數,除了可以觀察OCB液晶盒的出射光偏極態變化外也可轉換成穿透率,並將其繪於邦加球上以觀察其動態軌跡。我們也利用不同驅動電壓下比較OCB液晶盒在亮暗態操作的亮度和對比度,藉以瞭解在暫穩態操作的省電機制。
This work measured the pretilt angle of the OCB cell by photoelasitc modulated polarimetry. We measured the phase retardation at different incident angles then fitted them with that deduced by the theoretical formula for finding the best pretilt angle and the cell gap after the cell filled with the liquid crystals. The structures of the OCB cell under applied voltage had three kinds of states: splay state, bend state and twist state. A metastable state does exist when one suddenly removes the driving voltage, but its transmittance is high, this state is also named as relaxed bend state. This state can reduce the power consumption because no critical voltage is required for the switching. The photoelasitc modulated polarimetry measured the ellipsometric parameters Ψ and Δ of the OCB cell under various driving voltage. The Stokes parameters can be deduced by the measured Ψ and Δ, then we traced out these polarization states on Poincaré Sphere in this work. Finally, we compared the brightness and the contrast ratio when the OCB cell operated in the relaxed bend state and the bend state.
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………i
英文摘要………………………………………………………………ii
致謝……………………………………………………………………iii
章節目錄………………………………………………………………iv
圖表目錄………………………………………………………………vi
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………1
第二章 基本原理………………………………………………………4
2.1 光的偏振態與表示法…………………………………………4
2.2 史托克參數(Stokes Parameters)和穆勒矩陣(Mueller Matrix)…6
2.3 橢圓偏光參數Ψ和Δ定義…………………………………9
2.4 邦加球 (Poincaré Sphere)………………………………10
2.5 光彈調變器 (PEM)…………………………………………11
2.6 光彈調變式偏光儀…………………………………………12
2.7 橢圓偏光參數和史托克參數轉換…………………………14
2.8 亮度…………………………………………………………14
2.9 光學補償彎曲式(OCB, Optically Compensated Bend) 液晶盒…15
2.9.1 OCB液晶盒結構……………………………………15
2.9.2 快速反應機制………………………………………17
2.10 預傾角量測原理……………………………………………17
2.10.1 斜向入射的相位差………………………………17
2.10.2 OCB液晶盒斜向入射相位差………………………19
2.11 預傾角對臨界電壓的影響…………………………………21
第三章 實驗步驟……………………………………………………23
3.1 實驗器材……………………………………………………23
3.2 實驗架構……………………………………………………23
3.2.1 OCB液晶盒穿透率量測……………………………23
3.2.2 OCB液晶盒相位延遲量測…………………………24
3.2.3 OCB液晶盒動態量測………………………………25
第四章 實驗結果……………………………………………………26
4.1 OCB液晶盒穿透率量測………………………………………26
4.2 OCB液晶盒預傾角量測………………………………………26
4.2.1 OCB液晶盒相位延遲模擬曲線……………………26
4.2.2 OCB液晶盒預傾角和厚度修正……………………28
4.2.3 理論驗證……………………………………………31
4.2.4 OCB液晶盒彎曲態平均傾角量測…………………32
4.3 OCB液晶盒動態量測…………………………………………34
4.3.1 OCB液晶盒在1.6V和8.4V亮暗態動態量測………35
4.3.2 OCB液晶盒在0V和10V亮暗態動態量測…………38
4.3.3 OCB液晶盒在邦加球動態反應……………………40
4.3.4 OCB液晶盒亮度和對比度比較……………………42
第五章 結論…………………………………………………………43
參考文獻………………………………………………………………44
附錄一 光彈調變器校正及偏光片和析光片方位角之校準………46
附錄二 MATLAB計算光調調變器方位角和相位調變振幅…………52
附錄三 Mathematica計算OCB液晶盒相位延遲理論值……………53
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