(44.192.10.166) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/05 09:59
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:徐維伶
研究生(外文):Wei-Ling Hsu
論文名稱:心肺耐力對於壓力反應的影響
論文名稱(外文):A Correlation Study of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Stress Response in College Students
指導教授:蔡忠昌蔡忠昌引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jong-Chang Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:運動健康研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:心肺耐力壓力反應心率變異率自主神經活性
外文關鍵詞:cardiorespiratory fitnessstress responseheart rate variabilityautonomic activity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:203
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文探討年輕個體的心肺耐力面對壓力時心率變異的反應的相關性。受試者18-24歲一般健康的大學學生共86位,平均年齡20.3 ± 1.9歲。每位受試者於早上的時間,在安靜不受干擾的實驗室中,分別進行五分鐘休息、冷壓力刺激與心理壓力刺激,過程中紀錄每一心率間期數值以進行心率變異的分析。冷壓力刺激為受試者將左手浸入7℃的冰水中3分鐘與室溫下2分鐘心理壓力則利用進行叫色測驗(Stroop Task)作為刺激來源。心肺耐力則以三分鐘登階測驗進行評估。研究數據以描述性統計、二因子變異數分析及無母數相關進行分析。分析結果顯示,第一,男性與女性受試者的心肺功能與心率變異有差異,心肺功能男性優於女性(男性64.68 ± 9.74;女性57.27 ± 9.52,p < 0.01)。休息狀態下,男性心率較女性低(男性64.13±10.27次/分;70.25±9.41次/分,p < 0.01)。第二,低頻功率百分比(LF %)、低頻功率/高頻功率比值(LF/HF)與心跳率在冷及心理兩種壓力刺激時皆顯著上升,而HF %和相鄰正常心跳間期差值超過50 毫秒的百分比(PNN50)在兩種壓力刺激時時則顯著下降。冷壓力刺激時,男性PNN50數值顯著高於女性(男性19.41±15.17;女性12.63±13.29,p < 0.05)。第三,在冷壓力與心理壓力刺激下,心肺耐力和心率呈負相關,相關係數r分別為-0.465及-0.451 (p值皆< 0.01),心肺耐力和LF、HF、PNN50、心跳間期標準差(SDNN)及相鄰正常心跳間期差值平方和均方根(RMSSD)等呈正相關,冷壓力下相關係數r分別為0.432、0.367、0.405、0.505、0.439 (p值皆< 0.01),心理壓力下相關係數r分別為0.353、0.375、0.371、0.427、0.370 (p值皆< 0.01)。本研究結果顯示,在面對冷壓力及心理壓力刺激時,心肺耐力較好的個體其心跳率較低,反映副交感神經活性相關心率變異的數值如HF、PNN50、SDNN及RMSSD等則較高,顯示心肺功能越好的人在面對壓力時,經由自主神經所引起的壓力反應較小。
This study aimed to discern the stress responses of individuals with different cardiorespiratory fitness. Eighty-six healthy college students, aged 20.3 ± 1.9 years old, were recruited in this study. Each of them attended the laboratory on morning of separate days and subjected to take cold pressor test (CPT), Stroop test for eliciting psychological stress, and rest for control, respectively. 5 minutes of heart rate data were recorded at each time and the variability of heart rate were analyzed by a software. After all test, participants took 3-minute step test to evaluate the cardiorespiratory fitness. An index was then calculated according to the heart rate at the 4th, 5th, and 6th minute with higher index indicating better fitness. The data compared with descriptive statistics, two-way ANOVA and non-parametric statistics. The results show that firstly, cardiorespiratory fitness and heart rate variability were significantly different between males and females. Cardiorespiratory fitness of males is better than of females (64.68 ± 9.74 vs.57.27 ± 9.52, p &lt; 0.01), and males have lower heart rate in resting condition (64.13 ± 10.27 vs. 70.25±9.41, p &lt; 0.01). During cold pressor test, the PNN50 (the number of adjacent R-R intervals differing more than 50ms expressed as a percentage of all intervals) of males is higher than females (19.41±15.17 vs. 12.63±13.29, p &lt; 0.05). Secondly, LF % (power of low frequency in normalized units), LH/HF (Ratio LF power/HF power) and heart rate increased significantly in both stress stimuli, but HF % (power of high frequency in normalized units) and PNN50 decreased in both conditions. Lastly, the cardiorespiratory fitness is negatively correlated with the heart rate during stresses. The r values are -0.465 (p &lt; 0.01) during CPT and -0.451 (p &lt; 0.01) during psychological stress. On ther other hand, the cardiorespiratory fitness is positively correlated with the LF, HF, SDNN (the standard deviation of the R-R intervals), RMSSD (the root mean square successive difference) and PNN50 during stresses, the r values are 0.432, 0.367, 0.405, 0.505, 0.439 (p &lt; 0.01) during CPT, and are 0.353, 0.375, 0.371, 0.427, 0.370 (p &lt; 0.01) during psychological stress. The results reveal that in response to cold stimuli and psychological stress, individuals with higher cardiorespiratory fitness raise their heart rate less than with lower cardiorespiratory fitness, and the HRV values that reflected the parasympathetic activity, such as HF, PNN50, SDNN, and RMSSD, are lower. It is concluded that stress response elicited by the autonomic activity is lower in individuals with better cardiorespiratory fitness.
目錄
目錄....................I
表目錄.............................IV
圖目錄..............................V


第壹章 緒論................1
第一節 問題背景與動機.....1
第二節 研究目的..........3
第三節 研究問題............3
第四節 研究假設............4
第五節 研究範圍與限制....5
第六節 名詞操作性定義....6
第貳章 文獻探討.......................7
第一節 引起壓力的生心理刺激..............7
第二節 壓力的生理反應.....................9
第三節 自主神經系統與心律變異率.................11
第四節 壓力反應與自主神經系統..........................14
第五節 心肺耐力與自主神經系統......................17

第參章 研究方法....................19
第一節 研究架構..........20
第二節 研究對象...........21
第三節 研究流程...........21
第四節 研究工具..........23
第五節 研究步驟..........27
第六節 資料處理與分析........34
第肆章 研究結果..................36
第一節 受試者基本資料........ ..........37
第二節 性別與壓力刺激對心率變異差異的比較..................38
第三節 心肺耐力與壓力反應之相關性...... ...........43
第伍章 討論.......... ...............62
第一節 性別、壓力與心率變異之關係.....................62
第二節 心肺耐力與心率變異之關係....... ...............66
第三節 心肺耐力與壓力刺激之相關性............. .........70
第陸章 結論與建議..... .........73
第一節 結論......... .......73
第二節 建議....... .........74
中文文獻....... ...........76
英文文獻......... .........77
附錄一........... ............83
附錄二............... .......84
表目錄
表2-3-1 常用的心率變異測量指標及其生理意義........12
表3-5-1 臺閩地區18-25 歲三分鐘登階心肺耐指數百分等級常模....33
表4-1-1 受試者基本資料表...................37
表4-2-1 (1) 性別間對壓力刺激反應心率變異差異的比較.....40
表4-2-1 (2) 壓力刺激對心率變異差異的比較...........41
表4-3-1 休息狀態下,心肺耐力與心率變異率的相關........43
表4-3-2 休息狀態下,女生心肺耐力與心率變異率的相關......45
表4-3-3 休息狀態下,男生心肺耐力與心率變異率的相關.......47
表4-3-4 冷壓力刺激下,心肺耐力與心率變異率的相關........49
表4-3-5 冷壓力刺激下,女生心肺耐力與心率變異率的相關.....52
表4-3-6 冷壓力刺激下,男生心肺耐力與心率變異率的相關.......54
表4-3-7 心理壓力刺激下,心肺耐力與心率變異率的相關......56
表4-3-8 心理壓力刺激下,女生心肺耐力與心率變異率的相關......58
表4-3-9 心理壓力刺激下,男生心肺耐力與心率變異率的相關......60

圖目錄
圖3-3-1 研究流程圖.........22
圖3-5-1 實驗流程圖.................27
圖4-3-1 休息狀態下,心肺耐力與LF 的相關性...........43
圖4-3-2 休息狀態下,心肺耐力與心率的相關性............44
圖4-3-3 休息狀態下,心肺耐力與PNN50 的相關性............44
圖4-3-4 休息狀態下,女生心肺耐力與LF 的相關性............45
圖4-3-5 休息狀態下,女生心肺耐力與心率的相關性...........46
圖4-3-6 休息狀態下,女生心肺耐力與PNN50 的相關性........46
圖4-3-7 休息狀態下,男生心肺耐力與LF 的相關性............47
圖4-3-8 休息狀態下,男生心肺耐力與心率的相關性..........48
圖4-3-9 休息狀態下,男生心肺耐力與PNN50 的相關性.......48
圖4-3-10 冷壓力刺激下,心肺耐力與LF 的相關性..........50
圖4-3-11 冷壓力刺激下,心肺耐力與心率的相關性........50
圖4-3-12 冷壓力刺激下,心肺耐力與PNN50 的相關性.........51
圖4-3-13 冷壓力刺激下,女生心肺耐力與LF 的相關性.......52
圖4-3-14 冷壓力刺激下,女生心肺耐力與心率的相關性.....53
圖4-3-15 冷壓力刺激下,女生心肺耐力與PNN50 的相關性......53
圖4-3-16 冷壓力刺激下,男生心肺耐力與LF 的相關性..........54
圖4-3-17 冷壓力刺激下,男生心肺耐力與心率的相關性.......55
圖4-3-18 冷壓力刺激下,男生心肺耐力與PNN50 的相關性......55
圖4-3-19 心理壓力刺激下,心肺耐力與LF 的相關性..........56
圖4-3-20 心理壓力刺激下,心肺耐力與心率的相關性......57
圖4-3-21 心理壓力刺激下,心肺耐力與PNN50 的相關性....57
圖4-3-22 心理壓力刺激下,女生心肺耐力與LF 的相關性.....58
圖4-3-23 心理壓力刺激下,女生心肺耐力與心率的相關性.....59
圖4-3-24 心理壓力刺激下,女生心肺耐力與PNN50 的相關性....59
圖4-3-25 心理壓力刺激下,男生心肺耐力與LF 的相關性...60
圖4-3-26 心理壓力刺激下,男生心肺耐力與心率的相關性......61
圖4-3-27 心理壓力刺激下,男生心肺耐力與PNN50 的相關性.....61


教育部體適能網站(2010)。三分鐘登階測驗。線上檢索日期:2010年6月17日。網址:http://www.fitness.org.tw/measure06.php

林正常、林貴福、徐台閣、吳慧君﹝譯﹞(2005)。運動生理學:體適能與運動表現的理論與應用。臺北市:麥格羅希爾。(Powers, S. K., & Howley E. T., 1990)

初麗娟、高尚仁 (2005). 壓力之絕對負面心理健康影響:靜坐經驗、情緒智能調節效果之探討. 中華心理學刊 42(2): 157-179.

陳怡瑜 (2008). 大學學生身體組成、心率變異與心肺功能相關性之研究, 國立彰化師範大學,運動健康研究所

傅傳志 (2006). 以心率變異與體溫特性評估環境與精神壓力對自律神經系統調節之研究. 逢甲大學,自動控制工程學系碩士班

劉蕙綾 (2007). 唾液中澱粉酶、IgA抗體與瘦身蛋白和身體活動量與壓力之相關性研究. 國立彰化師範大學,應用運動科學研究所

Achten, J., & Jeukendrup, A. E. (2003). Heart rate monitoring: applications and limitations. Sports Medicine, 33(7), 517-538.

Agelink, M. W., Malessa, R., Baumann, B., Majewski, T., Akila, F., Zeit, T., et al. (2001). Standardized tests of heart rate variability: normal ranges obtained from 309 healthy humans, and effects of age, gender, and heart rate. Clinical autonomic research : Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society, 11(2), 99-108.

al'Absi, M., Petersen, K. L., & Wittmers, L. E. (2002). Adrenocortical and hemodynamic predictors of pain perception in men and women. Pain, 96(1-2), 197-204.

Allgrove, J. E., Gomes, E., Hough, J., & Gleeson, M. (2008). Effects of exercise intensity on salivary antimicrobial proteins and markers of stress in active men. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(6), 653-661.

Antelmi, I., de Paula, R. S., Shinzato, A. R., Peres, C. A., Mansur, A. J., & Grupi, C. J. (2004). Influence of age, gender, body mass index, and functional capacity on heart rate variability in a cohort of subjects without heart disease. The American Journal of Cardiology, 93(3), 381-385.

Appelhans, B. M., & Luecken, L. J. (2008). Heart rate variability and pain: associations of two interrelated homeostatic processes. Biological Psychology, 77(2), 174-182.

Buchheit, M., & Gindre, C. (2006). Cardiac parasympathetic regulation: respective associations with cardiorespiratory fitness and training load. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 291(1), H451-458.

Buchheit, M., Laursen, P. B., & Ahmaidi, S. (2007). Parasympathetic reactivation after repeated sprint exercise. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 293(1), H133-141..
Buchheit, M., Simon, C., Charloux, A., Doutreleau, S., Piquard, F., & Brandenberger, G. (2006). Relationship between very high physical activity energy expenditure, heart rate variability and self-estimate of health status in middle-aged individuals. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(9), 697-701.

Burns, V. E., Ring, C., Harrison, L. K., Carroll, D., & Drayson, M. (2004). Reductions in secretory immunoglobulin A to cold pressor stress are not influenced by timing of saliva sampling. Biological Psychology, 66(1), 91-98.

Byrne, E. A., Fleg, J. L., Vaitkevicius, P. V., Wright, J., & Porges, S. W. (1996). Role of aerobic capacity and body mass index in the age-associated decline in heart rate variability. Journal of Applied Physiology, 81(2), 743-750.

Coyle, E. F., & Gonzalez-Alonso, J. (2001). Cardiovascular drift during prolonged exercise: new perspectives. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 29(2), 88-92.

de la Cruz Torres, B., Lopez Lopez, C., & Naranjo Orellana, J. (2008). Analysis of heart rate variability at rest and during aerobic exercise: a study in healthy people and cardiac patients. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(9), 715-720.

Dishman, R. K., Jackson, E. M., & Nakamura, Y. (2002). Influence of fitness and gender on blood pressure responses during active or passive stress. Psychophysiology, 39(5), 568-576.

Dishman, R. K., Nakamura, Y., Garcia, M. E., Thompson, R. W., Dunn, A. L., & Blair, S. N. (2000). Heart rate variability, trait anxiety, and perceived stress among physically fit men and women. International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, 37(2), 121-133.




Gutin, B., Howe, C., Johnson, M. H., Humphries, M. C., Snieder, H., & Barbeau, P. (2005). Heart rate variability in adolescents: relations to physical activity, fitness, and adiposity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(11), 1856-1863.

Hansen, A. L., Johnsen, B. H., Sollers, J. J., 3rd, Stenvik, K., & Thayer, J. F. (2004). Heart rate variability and its relation to prefrontal cognitive function: the effects of training and detraining. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 93(3), 263-272.

Hilz, M. J., Axelrod, F. B., Braeske, K., & Stemper, B. (2002). Cold pressor test demonstrates residual sympathetic cardiovascular activation in familial dysautonomia. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 196(1-2), 81-89.

Hottenrott, K., Hoos, O., & Esperer, H. D. (2006). [Heart rate variability and physical exercise. Current status]. Herz, 31(6), 544-552.

Hugdahl, K. (1996). Cognitive influences on human autonomic nervous system function. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 6(2), 252-258.

Ifuku, H., Moriyama, K., Arai, K., & Shiraishi-Hichiwa, Y. (2007). Regulation of cardiac function during a cold pressor test in athletes and untrained subjects. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 101(1), 75-79.

Iwasaki, K., Zhang, R., Zuckerman, J. H., & Levine, B. D. (2003). Dose-response relationship of the cardiovascular adaptation to endurance training in healthy adults: how much training for what benefit? Journal of Applied Physiology, 95(4), 1575-1583.

Kiviniemi, A. M., Hautala, A. J., Kinnunen, H., & Tulppo, M. P. (2007). Endurance training guided individually by daily heart rate variability measurements. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 101(6), 743-751.



Malik, M., Bigger, J. T., Camm, A. J., Kleiger, R. E., Malliani, A., Moss, A. J., & Schwartz, P. J. (1996). Heart rate variability. Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology. European Heart Journal, 17(3), 354-381.

Martinmaki, K., Hakkinen, K., Mikkola, J., & Rusko, H. (2008). Effect of low-dose endurance training on heart rate variability at rest and during an incremental maximal exercise test. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 104(3), 541-548.

Melanson, E. L., & Freedson, P. S. (2001). The effect of endurance training on resting heart rate variability in sedentary adult males. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 85(5), 442-449.

Melo, R. C., Santos, M. D., Silva, E., Quiterio, R. J., Moreno, M. A., Reis, M. S., et al. (2005). Effects of age and physical activity on the autonomic control of heart rate in healthy men. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 38(9), 1331-1338.

Mezzacappa, E. S., Kelsey, R. M., Katkin, E. S., & Sloan, R. P. (2001). Vagal rebound and recovery from psychological stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(4), 650-657.

Moya-Albiol, L., Salvador, A., Costa, R., Martinez-Sanchis, S., Gonzalez-Bono, E., Ricarte, J., et al. (2001). Psychophysiological responses to the Stroop Task after a maximal cycle ergometry in elite sportsmen and physically active subjects. International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, 40(1), 47-59.

Nagai, N., Hamada, T., Kimura, T., & Moritani, T. (2004). Moderate physical exercise increases cardiac autonomic nervous system activity in children with low heart rate variability. Child's Mervous System : ChNS : Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 20(4), 209-214; discussion 215.

Nater, U. M., La Marca, R., Florin, L., Moses, A., Langhans, W., Koller, M. M., et al. (2006). Stress-induced changes in human salivary alpha-amylase activity -- associations with adrenergic activity. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31(1), 49-58.

Nater, U. M., Rohleder, N., Gaab, J., Berger, S., Jud, A., Kirschbaum, C., et al. (2005). Human salivary alpha-amylase reactivity in a psychosocial stress paradigm. International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, 55(3), 333-342.

Oblak, J. P., Zaletel, M., Zvan, B., Kiauta, T., & Pogacnik, T. (2002). The effect of age on cerebrovascular reactivity to cold pressor test and head-up tilt. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 106(1), 30-33.

Okazaki, K., Iwasaki, K., Prasad, A., Palmer, M. D., Martini, E. R., Fu, Q., et al. (2005). Dose-response relationship of endurance training for autonomic circulatory control in healthy seniors. Journal of Applied Physiology, 99(3), 1041-1049.

Panerai, R. B., Dawson, S. L., Eames, P. J., & Potter, J. F. (2001). Cerebral blood flow velocity response to induced and spontaneous sudden changes in arterial blood pressure. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 280(5), H2162-2174.

Reland, S., Ville, N. S., Wong, S., Gauvrit, H., Kervio, G., & Carre, F. (2003). Exercise heart rate variability of older women in relation to level of physical activity. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 58(7), 585-591.

Rennie, K. L., Hemingway, H., Kumari, M., Brunner, E., Malik, M., & Marmot, M. (2003). Effects of moderate and vigorous physical activity on heart rate variability in a British study of civil servants. American Journal of Epidemiology, 158(2), 135-143.



Routledge, F. S., Campbell, T. S., McFetridge-Durdle, J. A., & Bacon, S. L. (2010). Improvements in heart rate variability with exercise therapy. The Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 26(6), 303-312.

Schwabe, L., Haddad, L., & Schachinger, H. (2008). HPA axis activation by a socially evaluated cold-pressor test. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 33(6), 890-895.

Tulppo, M. P., Hautala, A. J., Makikallio, T. H., Laukkanen, R. T., Nissila, S., Hughson, R. L., et al. (2003). Effects of aerobic training on heart rate dynamics in sedentary subjects. Journal of Applied Physiology, 95(1), 364-372.

Tulppo, M. P., Makikallio, T. H., Seppanen, T., Laukkanen, R. T., & Huikuri, H. V. (1998). Vagal modulation of heart rate during exercise: effects of age and physical fitness. The American Journal of Physiology, 274(2 Pt 2), H424-429.

Walsh, N. P., Bishop, N. C., Blackwell, J., Wierzbicki, S. G., & Montague, J. C. (2002). Salivary IgA response to prolonged exercise in a cold environment in trained cyclists. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34(10), 1632-1637.

Zhang, J. (2007). Effect of age and sex on heart rate variability in healthy subjects. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 30(5), 374-379.



連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔