(18.210.12.229) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/02/26 09:08
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林妍岑
論文名稱:運動選手下肢肌肉量、肌力、本體感覺與平衡相關性之研究
指導教授:蔡忠昌 博士
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:運動健康研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:運動選手肌肉量肌力本體感覺姿勢穩定
外文關鍵詞:athletemuscle massstrengthproprioceptionpostural stability
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:588
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究在比較運動選手和非運動選手姿勢穩定度的差異,並探討下肢肌肉量、肌力與本體感覺和姿勢穩定度的相關性。研究對象為手球隊甲組43人、排球隊甲組7人、足球隊乙組8人、網球隊乙組10人和無特殊運動專長之一般男性36人。每位受測者均接受四項測量,包括以身體組成分析儀測得體脂肪率、全身肌肉重和下肢肌肉重,以平衡測試儀測得穩定指數,此一數值越高表示姿勢穩定性越差,以及利用等速肌力測試儀測得膝關節主動復位本體感覺和屈曲、伸展最大力矩值。各項數據資料以單因子變異數分析、獨立樣本t檢定和皮爾森積差相關進行分析,研究顯著水準訂為α = 0.05。結果顯示:一、手球選手的姿勢穩定度顯著較非運動選手差(2.95 ± 1.47 vs. 1.98 ± 0.94,p <.05),運動選手組間無顯著差異。二、相關分析顯示,所有受試者姿勢穩定度與體重、BMI、體脂肪率、全身肌肉量和下之肌肉量均呈現顯著正相關(r = .708, .578, .335, .653, .649, p <.05),與膝關節主動復位本體感覺和屈曲、伸展最大力矩值則沒有顯著的相關性。三、膝關節屈曲、伸展最大力矩值與下肢肌肉量呈現顯著正相關(r = .758, .743, .617, .582, p <.05)。根據本研究結果,年輕男性運動選手姿勢穩定度較非運動選手差,推測與膝踝關節損傷有關。此外,受試者的姿勢穩定度與身體組成之間具有顯著的相關性存在,顯示身體肌肉量愈多,姿勢越不容易維持穩定,有關此一發現,需要後續更進一步的研究釐清。

關鍵詞:運動選手、肌肉量、肌力、本體感覺、姿勢穩定
Abstract
This study aimed to compare with postural stability difference in male athletes and non-athletes. In addition, correlation of muscle mass, strength, and proprioception of lower extremities with postural stability were examined. 43 elite handball players, 7 elite volleyball players, 8 sub-elite soccer players, 10 sub-elite tennis players, and 36 non-athletes were invited to join this study. Each of the subjects completed four measurements, namely, body composition assessment by using bioelectrical impedance analysis, postural stability evaluated by the a balance system with higher overall stability index (OSI) indicating inferior static balance ability, and proprioception plus isokinetic strengths of the knees assessed by using an isokinetic dynanometer. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, t test and Pearson product moment correlation. The results show that the OSI of the handball players was significantly higher than the non-athletes (2.95 ± 1.47 vs. 1.98 ± 0.94, p &lt;.05), but not different from other athletes. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient analysis showed the weight, BMI, percentage of body fat, muscle mass, lower extremities muscle mass and the OSI were all significantly and positively correlated ( r = .708, .578, .335, .653, .649, p &lt;.05). However, the OSI was not correlated with proprioception and isokinetic strengths of the knees. Moreover, lower extremities muscle mass was positively correlated with the peak torque (r = .758, .743, .617, .582, p &lt;.05). Based on the results, it is concluded that postural stability of the athletes of this study is inferior in comparison to non-athletes. It is likely due to injuries of knees and ankles occurred during training and competition. In addition, significant correlation of the static balance ability with the body composition suggests that individuals with more muscle mass tend to have higher OSI.
表目錄---Ⅳ
圖目錄---Ⅵ

第壹章 緒論
第一節 問題背景---1
第二節 研究目的---4
第三節 研究假設---5
第四節 研究範圍與限制---6
第五節 名詞解釋---7
第貳章 文獻探討
第一節 姿勢控制與動作策略---9
第二節 人體平衡的生理機制---13
第三節 傷害與平衡的相關研究---18
第四節 肌力與平衡的相關研究---22
第五節 本章結語---25
第參章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構---27
第二節 研究對象---29
第三節 研究流程---30
第四節 研究器材與設備---31
第五節 實驗流程與步驟---32
第六節 資料處理與分析---43
第肆章 研究結果
第一節 運動選手與非運動選手姿勢平衡之比較---44
第二節 姿勢平衡與身體組成之相關---49
第三節 姿勢平衡與本體感覺之相關---52
第四節 姿勢平衡與等速肌力之相關---54
第五節 肌肉量與等速肌力之相關---60
第伍章 討論
第一節 運動選手與非運動選手姿勢平衡之比較---62
第二節 姿勢平衡與身體組成之相關---65
第三節 姿勢平衡與本體感覺之相關---67
第四節 姿勢平衡與等速肌力之相關---69
第五節 肌肉量與等速肌力之相關---72
第陸章 結論與建議
第一節 結論---73
第一節 建議---74
參考文獻
中文部分---75
英文部分---77
附錄
附錄一 實驗參加者須知暨同意書---85
附錄二 基本資料問卷---86

表目錄
表2-3-1 探討平衡能力與傷害風險之預測性研究 ........................................ 20
表2-4-1 肌力訓練與平衡能力之相關研究 .................................................... 22
表4-1-1 受試者基本資料與平衡指數之描述統計(n = 104) ................... 45
表4-1-2 各組平衡指數之變異數分析摘要表 ................................................ 46
表4-1-3 運動員與非運動員基本資料之描述統計(n = 104) ................... 47
表4-1-4 運動員與非運動員平衡指數之描述統計與獨立樣
本t檢定 ............................................................................................ 48
表4-2-1 受試者基本資料、平衡指數與身體組成之描述統
計(n = 104) ................................................................................... 49
表4-2-2 平衡指數與身體組成之相關性 ........................................................ 50
表4-3-1 受試者基本資料、平衡指數與本體感覺之描述統
計(n = 48) ..................................................................................... 52
表4-3-2 平衡指數與本體感覺之相關性 ........................................................ 53
表4-4-1 受試者基本資料、平衡指數與等速肌力之描述統
計(n = 48) ..................................................................................... 54
表4-4-2 平衡指數與等速肌力參數之相關性(n = 48) ............................. 55
表4-4-3 各組平衡指數與等速肌力參數之描述統計(n = 48) ................. 56
表4-4-4 各組平衡指數與等速肌力參數之變異數分析摘要表 .................... 57
表4-4-5 各組總穩定指數與膝關節等速肌力參數之相關性 ........................ 59
表4-5-1 受試者基本資料、慣用腳肌肉量與等速肌力之描
述統計(n = 48) ............................................................................. 60
表4-5-2 慣用腳之肌肉量與膝關節等速肌力之相關性 ................................ 61
圖目錄
圖2-1-1 姿勢控制之系統理論 ........................................................................ 10
圖2-1-2 兩種站立的穩定限度 ........................................................................ 11
圖2-1-3 四種自動化的姿勢控制動作策略 .................................................... 12
圖2-2-1 神經肌肉控制之傳遞途徑 ................................................................ 14
圖2-3-1 受傷後訊息傳遞之機轉 .................................................................... 18
圖3-1-1 研究架構圖 ........................................................................................ 28
圖3-3-1 研究流程圖 ........................................................................................ 30
圖3-4-1 研究器材與設備 ................................................................................ 31
圖3-5-1 實驗流程圖 ........................................................................................ 32
圖3-5-2 身體組成分析儀之測量圖 ................................................................ 34
圖3-5-3 Biodex平衡測試儀之測量圖 ........................................................... 36
圖3-5-4 膝關節本體感覺之測量圖 ................................................................ 38
圖3-5-5 膝關節30°與60°本體感覺主動關節角度復位 .............................. 40
圖3-5-6 Biodex等速肌力測試儀之測量圖 ................................................... 41
圖4-1-1 各組總穩定指數 ................................................................................ 47
圖4-1-2 運動員與非運動員的平衡指數 ........................................................ 48
圖4-2-1 總穩定指數與體重之相關 ................................................................ 50
圖4-2-2 總穩定指數與BMI之相關 .............................................................. 50
圖4-2-3 總穩定指數與體脂肪率之相關 ........................................................ 51
圖4-2-4 總穩定指數與全身肌肉重之相關 .................................................... 51
圖4-2-5 總穩定指數與下肢肌肉重之相關 .................................................... 51
圖4-4-1 總穩定指數與60°/s伸肌最大力矩之相關 ..................................... 55
圖4-5-1 慣用腳之肌肉量與60°/s伸肌最大力矩之相關 ............................. 61
圖4-5-2 慣用腳之肌肉量與120°/s伸肌最大力矩之相關 ........................... 61
圖4-5-3 慣用腳之肌肉量與60°/s屈肌最大力矩之相關 ............................. 61
圖4-5-4 慣用腳之肌肉量與120°/s屈肌最大力矩之相關 ........................... 61
中文部分
黎俊彥、林威秀、黃啟煌(2004)。踝關節扭傷對本體感覺與靜態平衡能力的影響研究。大專體育學刊,6(2),249-259。
李水碧(1996)。屈伸肌群肌力比與腿後肌傷害之探討。中華體育季刊,10(3),122-129。
劉郁辰(2009)。不同角速度之重複性被動動作對於膝關節本體感覺之影響。未出版碩士論文,長庚大學,桃園縣。
林晉利(2004)。體能對身體健康的影響。載於劉虣虣(總編輯),運動休閒健康科學導論(頁005-006)。臺中市:鞋技中心。
林正常(1995)。運動生理學實驗指引。臺北市:師大書苑。
林素芬(2009)。平衡訓練對國中生靜態平衡能力的影響。未出版碩士論文,輔仁大學,臺北縣。
何賢貞(2006)。膝骨性關節炎患者下肢本體感覺與動作協調能力探討。未出版碩士論文,國立陽明大學,臺北市。
胡名霞(2006)。動作控制與動作學習。臺北縣:金名圖書。
胡名霞、何浩君、王傑賢(2005)。大專優秀運動選手平衡能力之比較研究。物理治療,30(1),33-40。
黃國堂(2008)。不同等級大專射箭選手平衡控制能力之差異。未出版碩士論文,國立新竹教育大學,新竹縣。
江勁政(2002)。不同項目運動選手平衡能力之定量評估。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院,臺北縣。
江勁政、江勁彥(2004)。平衡能力檢測在選才時之應用。彰化師大體育學報,4,39-46。
許世昌(1997)。新編解剖生理學(頁361-379)。臺北市:永大書局。
曾識喬、林千禾、詹美華(2002)。膝關節本體感覺功能之比較。物理治療,27(1),18-24。
楊家榮(2001)。動態平衡評估系統之研發。未出版碩士論文,國立陽明大學,臺北市。
王國慧(2004)。跳遠選手膝關節屈伸肌比值之分析。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學,臺北市。
王國慧、潘寶如(2006)。跳遠選手膝關節屈伸肌等速肌力與運動表現之相關。大專體育學刊,8(2),133-139。
王進華、張曉昀、蔚順華(2001)。本體感覺在運動傷害處理與復健所扮演之角色。大專體育,47,66-76。
王嘉偉(2007)。重複性被動動作對於膝關節本體感覺的影響。未出版碩士論文,長庚大學,桃園縣。
Eric, P. W., Hershel, R., Kevin, T. S., & Eric, M.(2005)。人體生理學(潘震澤譯)。臺北市:合記圖書出版社。(原著出版於2004年)

英文部分
Aagaard, P., Simonsen, E. B., Magnusson, S. P., Larsson, B., & Dyhre-Poulsen, P. (1998). A new concept for isokinetic hamstring: quadriceps muscle strength ratio. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 26(2), 231-237.
Aydin, T., Yildiz, Y., Yildiz, C., Atesalp, S., & Kalyon, T. A. (2002). Proprioception of the ankle: a comparison between female teenaged gymnasts and controls. Foot & Ankle International, 23(2), 123-129.
Baltzopoulos, V., & Brodie, D. A. (1989). Isokinetic dynamometry. Applications and limitations. Sports Medicine, 8(2), 101-116.
Baratta, R., Solomonow, M., Zhou, B. H., Letson, D., Chuinard, R., & D'Ambrosia, R. (1988). Muscular coactivation. The role of the antagonist musculature in maintaining knee stability. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 16(2), 113-122.
Beynnon, B. D., Renstrom, P. A., Alosa, D. M., Baumhauer, J. F., & Vacek, P. M. (2001). Ankle ligament injury risk factors: a prospective study of college athletes. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 19(2), 213-220.
Bouet, V., & Gahery, Y. (2000). Muscular exercise improves knee position sense in humans. Neuroscience Letters, 289(2), 143-146.
Branch, T. P., Hunter, R., & Donath, M. (1989). Dynamic EMG analysis of anterior cruciate deficient legs with and without bracing during cutting. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 17(1), 35-41.
Capodaglio, P., Capodaglio Edda, M., Facioli, M., & Saibene, F. (2007). Long-term strength training for community-dwelling people over 75: impact on muscle function, functional ability and life style. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 100(5), 535-542.
Cometti, G., Maffiuletti, N. A., Pousson, M., Chatard, J. C., & Maffulli, N. (2001). Isokinetic strength and anaerobic power of elite, subelite and amateur French soccer players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 22(1), 45-51.
Corbeil, P., Simoneau, M., Rancourt, D., Tremblay, A., & Teasdale, N. (2001). Increased risk for falling associated with obesity: mathematical modeling of postural control. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems And Rehabilitation Engineering : A Publication of The IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 9(2), 126-136.
Davlin, C. D. (2004). Dynamic balance in high level athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98(3 Pt 2), 1171-1176.
Degache, F., Richard, R., Edouard, P., Oullion, R., & Calmels, P. (2010). The relationship between muscle strength and physiological age: a cross-sectional study in boys aged from 11 to 15. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 53(3), 180-188.
Docherty, C. L., Moore, J. H., & Arnold, B. L. (1998). Effects of Strength Training on Strength Development and Joint Position Sense in Functionally Unstable Ankles. Journal of Athletic Training, 33(4), 310-314.
Garn, S. N., & Newton, R. A. (1988). Kinesthetic awareness in subjects with multiple ankle sprains. Physical Therapy, 68(11), 1667-1671.
Garsden, L. R., & Bullock-Saxton, J. E. (1999). Joint reposition sense in subjects with unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee. Clinical Rehabilitation, 13(2), 148-155.
Glencross, D., & Thornton, E. (1981). Position sense following joint injury. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 21(1), 23-27.
Goldie, P. A., Bach, T. M., & Evans, O. M. (1989). Force platform measures for evaluating postural control: reliability and validity. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 70(7), 510-517.
Greve, J., Alonso, A., Bordini, A. C., & Camanho, G. L. (2007). Correlation between body mass index and postural balance. Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil), 62(6), 717-720.
Grob, K. R., Kuster, M. S., Higgins, S. A., Lloyd, D. G., & Yata, H. (2002). Lack of correlation between different measurements of proprioception in the knee. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume, 84(4), 614-618.
Hahn, T., Foldspang, A., Vestergaard, E., & Ingemann-Hansen, T. (1999). One-leg standing balance and sports activity. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 9(1), 15-18.
Hassons, S. Clinical Exercise Physiology. St. Louis: Mosby, 1994.
Heiser, T. M., Weber, J., Sullivan, G., Clare, P., & Jacobs, R. R. (1984). Prophylaxis and management of hamstring muscle injuries in intercollegiate football players. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 12(5), 368-370.
Hess, J. A., & Woollacott, M. (2005). Effect of high-intensity strength-training on functional measures of balance ability in balance-impaired older adults. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 28(8), 582-590.
Horak, F. B. (1987). Clinical measurement of postural control in adults. Physical Therapy, 67(12), 1881-1885.
Horak, F. B. Assumptions underlying motor control for neurologic rehabilitation. In: Lister MJ (ed). Contemporary Management of Motor Control Problems. Alexandria, VA: Foundation for Physical Therapy, 1991.
Horak, F. B. (2006). Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls? Age and Ageing, 35 Suppl 2, ii7-ii11.
Hrysomallis, C., McLaughlin, P., & Goodman, C. (2007). Balance and injury in elite Australian footballers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(10), 844-847.
Hulens, M., Vansant, G., Lysens, R., Claessens, A. L., & Muls, E. (2002). Assessment of isokinetic muscle strength in women who are obese. The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 32(7), 347-356.
Irrgang, J. J. (1993). Modern trends in anterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation: nonoperative and postoperative management. Clinics in Sports Medicine, 12(4), 797-813.
Izquierdo, M., Aguado, X., Gonzalez, R., Lopez, J. L., & Hakkinen, K. (1999). Maximal and explosive force production capacity and balance performance in men of different ages. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 79(3), 260-267.
Janwantanakul, P., Magarey, M. E., Jones, M. A., & Dansie, B. R. (2001). Variation in shoulder position sense at mid and extreme range of motion. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82(6), 840-844.
Kellis, E., & Baltzopoulos, V. (1995). Isokinetic eccentric exercise. Sports Medicine, 19(3), 202-222.
Kioumourtzoglou, E., Derri, V., Mertzanidou, O., & Tzetzis, G. (1997). Experience with perceptual and motor skills in rhythmic gymnastics. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 84(3 Pt 2), 1363-1372.
Knapik, J. J., Bauman, C. L., Jones, B. H., Harris, J. M., & Vaughan, L. (1991). Preseason strength and flexibility imbalances associated with athletic injuries in female collegiate athletes. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 19(1), 76-81.
Konradsen, L., & Ravn, J. B. (1990). Ankle instability caused by prolonged peroneal reaction time. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 61(5), 388-390.
Konradsen, L., & Ravn, J. B. (1991). Prolonged peroneal reaction time in ankle instability. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 12(3), 290-292.
Lephart, S. M., & Henry, T. J. (1996). The Physiological Basis for Open and Closed Kinetic Chain Rehabilitation for the Upper Extremity. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 5(1), 71-87.
Lephart, S. M., Pincivero, D. M., Giraldo, J. L., & Fu, F. H. (1997). The role of proprioception in the management and rehabilitation of athletic injuries. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 25(1), 130-137.
Lephart, S. M., Pincivero, D. M., & Rozzi, S. L. (1998). Proprioception of the ankle and knee. Sports Medicine, 25(3), 149-155.
Lord, S. R., Clark, R. D., & Webster, I. W. (1991). Postural stability and associated physiological factors in a population of aged persons. Journal of Gerontology, 46(3), M69-76.
Lord, S. R., & Menz, H. B. (2000). Visual contributions to postural stability in older adults. Gerontology, 46(6), 306-310.
Magalhaes, J., Oliveira, J., Ascensao, A., & Soares, J. (2004). Concentric quadriceps and hamstrings isokinetic strength in volleyball and soccer players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 44(2), 119-125.
Mattacola, C. G., & Lloyd, J. W. (1997). Effects of a 6-Week Strength and Proprioception Training Program on Measures of Dynamic Balance: A Single-Case Design. Journal of Athletic Training, 32(2), 127-135.
McCollum, G., & Leen, T. K. (1989). Form and exploration of mechanical stability limits in erect stance. Journal of Motor Behavior, 21(3), 225-244.
McGuine, T. A., Greene, J. J., Best, T., & Leverson, G. (2000). Balance as a predictor of ankle injuries in high school basketball players. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 10(4), 239-244.
McHugh, M. P., Tyler, T. F., Tetro, D. T., Mullaney, M. J., & Nicholas, S. J. (2006). Risk factors for noncontact ankle sprains in high school athletes: the role of hip strength and balance ability. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(3), 464-470.
Menegoni, F., Galli, M., Tacchini, E., Vismara, L., Cavigioli, M., & Capodaglio, P. (2009). Gender-specific effect of obesity on balance. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 17(10), 1951-1956.
Moezy, A., Olyaei, G., Hadian, M., Razi, M., & Faghihzadeh, S. (2008). A comparative study of whole body vibration training and conventional training on knee proprioception and postural stability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(5), 373-378.
More, R. C., Karras, B. T., Neiman, R., Fritschy, D., Woo, S. L., & Daniel, D. M. (1993). Hamstrings--an anterior cruciate ligament protagonist. An in vitro study. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 21(2), 231-237.
Nashner, L. M. Practical biomechanics and physiology of balance, In: Jacobson GP, Kewman CW, Kartush JM (eds). Handbook of Balance Function Testing. St. Louis: Mosby, 1993: 261-279.
Perrin, P., Deviterne, D., Hugel, F., & Perrot, C. (2002). Judo, better than dance, develops sensorimotor adaptabilities involved in balance control. Gait & Posture, 15(2), 187-194.
Peterka, R. J., & Black, F. O. (1990). Age-related changes in human posture control: sensory organization tests. Journal of Vestibular Research : Equilibrium & Orientation, 1(1), 73-85.
Pincivero, D. M., Bachmeier, B., & Coelho, A. J. (2001). The effects of joint angle and reliability on knee proprioception. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(10), 1708-1712.
Potteiger, J. A., Smith, D. L., Maier, M. L., & Foster, T. S. (2010). Relationship Between Body Composition, Leg Strength, Anaerobic Power, and On-Ice Skating Performance in Division I Men's Hockey Athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
Rein, S., Fabian, T., Zwipp, H., Mittag-Bonsch, M., & Weindel, S. (2010). Influence of age, body mass index and leg dominance on functional ankle stability. Foot & Ankle International, 31(5), 423-432.
Rosene, J. M., Fogarty, T. D., & Mahaffey, B. L. (2001). Isokinetic Hamstrings:Quadriceps Ratios in Intercollegiate Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training, 36(4), 378-383.
Ryushi, T., Kumagai, K., Hayase, H., Abe, T., Shibuya, K., & Ono, A. (2000). Effect of resistive knee extension training on postural control measures in middle aged and elderly persons. Journal of Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science, 19(3), 143-149.
Schlicht, J., Camaione, D. N., & Owen, S. V. (2001). Effect of intense strength training on standing balance, walking speed, and sit-to-stand performance in older adults. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 56(5), M281-286.
Siatras, T., Mameletzi, D., & Kellis, S. (2004). Knee flexor: Extensor isokinetic ratios in young male gymnasts and swimmers. Pediatric Exercise Science, 16, 37-43.
Smith, R. W., & Reischl, S. F. (1986). Treatment of ankle sprains in young athletes. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 14(6), 465-471.
Soderman, K., Alfredson, H., Pietila, T., & Werner, S. (2001). Risk factors for leg injuries in female soccer players: a prospective investigation during one out-door season. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 9(5), 313-321.
Sterner, R. L., Pincivero, D. M., & Lephart, S. M. (1998). The effects of muscular fatigue on shoulder proprioception. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 8(2), 96-101.
Teasdale, N., Hue, O., Marcotte, J., Berrigan, F., Simoneau, M., Dore, J., et al. (2007). Reducing weight increases postural stability in obese and morbid obese men. Int J Obes (Lond), 31(1), 153-160.
Thelen, D. G., Wojcik, L. A., Schultz, A. B., Ashton-Miller, J. A., & Alexander, N. B. (1997). Age differences in using a rapid step to regain balance during a forward fall. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 52(1), M8-13.
Thorpe, J. L., & Ebersole, K. T. (2008). Unilateral balance performance in female collegiate soccer athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(5), 1429-1433.
Topp, R., Mikesky, A., Wigglesworth, J., Holt, W., Jr., & Edwards, J. E. (1993). The effect of a 12-week dynamic resistance strength training program on gait velocity and balance of older adults. The Gerontologist, 33(4), 501-506.
Trojian, T. H., & McKeag, D. B. (2006). Single leg balance test to identify risk of ankle sprains. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(7), 610-613; discussion 613.
Tropp, H., Ekstrand, J., & Gillquist, J. (1984). Stabilometry in functional instability of the ankle and its value in predicting injury. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 16(1), 64-66.
Tropp, H., & Odenrick, P. (1988). Postural control in single-limb stance. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 6(6), 833-839.
Voight, M. L., Hardin, J. A., Blackburn, T. A., Tippett, S., & Canner, G. C. (1996). The effects of muscle fatigue on and the relationship of arm dominance to shoulder proprioception. The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 23(6), 348-352.
Wang, H. K., Chen, C. H., Shiang, T. Y., Jan, M. H., & Lin, K. H. (2006). Risk-factor analysis of high school basketball-player ankle injuries: a prospective controlled cohort study evaluating postural sway, ankle strength, and flexibility. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87(6), 821-825.
Watson, A. W. (1999). Ankle sprains in players of the field-games Gaelic football and hurling. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 39(1), 66-70.
Willems, T. M., Witvrouw, E., Delbaere, K., Mahieu, N., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., & De Clercq, D. (2005). Intrinsic risk factors for inversion ankle sprains in male subjects: a prospective study. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 33(3), 415-423.
Willems, T. M., Witvrouw, E., Delbaere, K., Philippaerts, R., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., & De Clercq, D. (2005). Intrinsic risk factors for inversion ankle sprains in females--a prospective study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 15(5), 336-345.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔