(3.238.88.35) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/10 19:37
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:鐘小鋼
研究生(外文):Hsiao-Kang Chung
論文名稱:職場精神與心理擁有感之關聯性:心理資本的中介效果
論文名稱(外文):The Relativity between Workplace Spirituality and Psychological Ownership:The Mediating Effect of Psychological Capital
指導教授:許金田許金田引用關係劉佑劉佑引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學管理學院
系所名稱:運籌管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:行銷與流通學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:49
中文關鍵詞:職場精神心理資本心理擁有感
外文關鍵詞:Workplace SpiritualityPsychological CapitalPsychological Ownership
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:1171
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:53
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
本研究旨在瞭解產業中職場精神、心理資本及心理擁有感之關聯性。本研究目的有二:檢視職場精神對心理擁有感的影響,並解析心理資本對上述關係的影響,採用問卷調查法,樣本針對高科技產業、金融業及傳統產業等為研究母體,共回收有效問卷共470份,以多元迴歸分析進行假設驗証,係依照Baron 和Kenny’s的建議進行中介效果的檢定。
研究結果顯示: (1)職場精神對於心理擁有感具有正向的影響效果;(2)職場精神對於心理資本具有正向的影響效果;(3)心理資本對職場精神與心理擁有感間具有部份中介效果。最後,討論本研究的研究限制、後續研究方向、以及管理實務上的意涵。
The study had two objectives: to assess the effect of perception of Workplace Spirituality on Psychological Ownership and to test the mediating effect of Psychological Capital on the relationship between Workplace Spirituality and Psychological Ownership. The data was collected from 470 employees of manufacturing, banking and high-tech industry in Taiwan. After establishing the psychometric properties of the scales, hypotheses were tested through statistical analysis of the data. Proposed mediation hypotheses were tested using Baron and Kenny’s recommendations.
Results indicated that Workplace Spirituality is positively related to Psychological Ownership. Further, Psychological Capital partially mediated the relationship between Workplace Spirituality and Psychological Ownership. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
目 錄
誌謝 I
中文摘要 II
英文摘要 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論............ 1
1.1 研究背景與動機...... 1
1.2 研究目的........... 2
1.3 研究流程........... 3
第二章 文獻探討........ 4
2.1 職場精神的相關探討.. 4
2.1.1 精神層面的意涵….. 4
2.1.2 職場精神的意涵….. 4
2.2 心理擁有感的相關探討. 7
2.2.1 心理擁有感的意涵... 7
2.2.2 心理擁有感......... 7
2.3 心理資本的相關探討.... 9
2.3.1 心理資本的意涵….... 9
2.3.2 心理資本......... 10
2.4 職場精神、心理擁有感、心理資本之相關性探討..................... 14
2.4.1 職場精神與心理擁有感............................................................ 14
2.4.2 職場精神與心理資本........................................ 15
2.4.3 心理資本對職場精神與心理擁有感的中介效果..................... 15
第三章 研究方法................................................ 18
3.1 研究架構................................................... 18
3.2 研究假設................................................... 18
3.3 操作型定義及衡量方法......................................... 19
3.3.1 職場精神............................................... 19
3.3.2 心理擁有感.............................................. 21
3.3.3 心理資本................................................ 22
3.3.4 控制變項................................................ 25
3.3.4.1 人口統計變項......................................... 25
3.3.4.2 社會期許............................................ 25
3.4 研究對象及抽樣設計 .......................................... 25
3.4.1 研究對象................................................. 25
3.4.2 抽樣設計................................................. 26
3.5 統計分析方法.................................................. 27
3.5.1 信度分析.................................................. 27
3.5.2 因素分析.................................................. 28
3.5.3 敘述性統計................................................ 28
3.5.4 Pearson積差相關分析...........................................28
3.5.5 階層多元迴歸................................................. 28
第四章 實證結果分析................................................. 29
4.1 敘述統計及各變項之相關分析........................................29
4.2 職場精神與心理擁有感間的關聯性.................................... 30
4.3 職場精神與心理資本間的關聯性...................................... 30
4.4 心理資本對職場精神、心理擁有感的中介效果........................... 31

第五章 結論與建議................................................... 33
5.1 理論意涵 .......................................................33
5.1.1 職場精神會正向的影響心理擁有感..................................33
5.1.2 職場精神與心理資本的關係.......................................33
5.1.3 心理資本對職場精神與心理擁有感的中介效果.........................34
5.2 管理實務的建議.................................................. 35
5.2.1 職場精神與心理擁有感的關聯性....................................35
5.2.2 職場精神、心理資本與心理擁有感的關聯性...........................35
5.2.3 人口統計背景變項的意涵.........................................36
5.3 研究限制與未來研究方向........................................... 36
參考文獻 38
中文參考文獻 38
英文參考文獻 39
附錄 46
附錄一: 問卷 46
圖目錄
圖1-1. 研究流程圖................................................ 3
圖3-1. 研究架構圖................................................ 18
表 目 錄
表1 職場精神因素分析結果………..…….……..……………………………20
表2 心理擁有感因素分析結果………………….……………………………22
表3 心理資本信度分析………………………………………….…………....23
表4 心理資本因素分析結果...............................24
表5 研究樣本背景….……................................26
表6 各變項之Pearson相關分析 ...........................30
表7 心理資本對職場精神與心理擁有感之中介效果..............32
一、中文部份
仲理峰,(2007) ,心理資本研究評述與展望,心理科學進展,15(3),第482-487頁,中國人民大學商學院,北京。
李安德,(2002),超個人心理學,臺北:桂冠。
杜佩蘭,曾榮豐,黃英忠,施瑞峰, (2009) ,領導行為、組織學習與組織認同關係之研究,管理實務與理論研究,第三卷,第一期,中華民國九十八年三月,第45-67頁。
林孟彥譯,(2006) ,管理學,華泰書局,台北。
林惠蓮,(2007),在職進修成人職場靈性觀與工作價值觀對組織承諾影響之研究。國立中正大學博士論文,未出版,台北市。
林逸峰,(2004),組織政治知覺、組織公平、組織次文化、組織承諾、組織正治行為、工作投入與工作行為之關聯性研究-以台南縣基層農會為例。私立南華大學管理科學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南縣。
袁世珮譯,(2006) ,真誠領導發展與實踐,Luthans, F., Avolio, B. J原著,台北:美商麥格羅.希爾。
蔡文玲,(1993) ,認知型式、自我效能、個人動機與創造性之關係研究,應用心理學報,11,第75-98頁,臺北縣新莊市。
蔡進雄,(2006) ,論心理資本與學校經營領導,臺灣教育,639期,第33-36頁。
蕭元哲,(2006),公共管理典範之職場靈性研究初探:領導觀點,台灣政治學會年會暨「再訪民主:理論、制度與經驗」學術研討會。
蕭雅竹,(2002),靈性概念之認識與應用。長庚護理,13(4),第345-351頁。
二、英文部份
Ashmos, D. P. and Duchon, D., (2000), “Spirituality at Work: A Conceptualization and Measure,” Journal of Management Inquiry, 9(2), 134-145.
Bandura, A., (1997), “Self-efficacy: The Exercise of Control,” New York: Freeman.
Bandura, A., (2002), “Self-efficacy Mechanism in Human Agency,” American Psychologist, 37(2).
Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A., (1986), “The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations,” Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182.
Belk, R.W., (1988), “Possessions and The Extended Self,” Journal of Consumer Research, 15, 139-168.
Brandt, E., (1996), “Corporate Pioneers Explore Spirituality Peace,” HR Magazine, 82-87.
Butts, D., (1999), “Spirituality at Work: an Overview,” Journal of Organizational Change Management, 12(4), 328–332.
Conger, J. A., (1994), “Spirit at Work: Discovering the Spirituality in Leadership,” Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
Czaplewski, A. J., Milliman, J., and Ferguson, J., (2003), “Workplace Spirituality and Employee Work Attitudes: An Exploratory Empirical Assessment,” Journal of Organizational Change Management, 16(4), 426-447.
Dittmar, H., (1992), “The Social Psychology of Material Possessions: To have is to be,” New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Duncan, N. G., (1981), “Home Ownership and Social Theory,” Housing and identity: Cross-cultural perspectives, 98-134, London: Croom Helm.
Fairholm, G.W., (1997), “Capturing the Heart of Leadership: Spirituality and Community in the New American Workplace,” Westport: Praeger.
Fox, M., (1994), “The Reinvention of Work,” San Francisco: Harper.
Freiberg, K., and Frieberg, J., (1996), “Nuts! : Southwest Airlines' Crazy Recipe for Business and Personal Success,” Broadway Books, Austin, TX.
Gist, M. E., and Mitchell, T. R., (1992), “Self-Efficacy: A Theoretical Analysis of Its Determinants and Malleability,” The Academy of Management Review, 17(2), 183-211.


Goldsmith, A.H., Veum, J.R., and Darity, W., (1997), “Unemployment, Joblessness, Psychological Well-being and Self-esteem: Theory and Evidence,” Journal of Socio-economics, 26(2), 133-158.
Hatfield, E., Cacioppo, J. T., and Rapson, R. L., (1992), “Emotional Contagion. In M. S. Clark(Ed.),” Review of Personality and Social Psychology, Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Hawley, J., (1993), “Reawakening the Spirit in Work: The Power of Dharmic Management,” Berrett-Koehler, San Francisco, CA.
Isaacs, S., (1933), “Social Development in Young Children,” London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Johnson, A. L., (2007), “Mary Parker Follett: Laying the Foundations for Spirituality in the Workplace,” Intl Journal of Public Administration, 30, 425-439, Taylor & Francis Group.
Jurkiewicz, C. L., and Giacalone, R. A., (2003), “A Value Framework for Measuring the Impact of Workplace Spirituality on Organizational Performance,” Journal of Business Ethics, 49(2), 129-149.
Krumboltz, J.D., & Lewin, A.S., (2004), “Luck Is No Accident: Making the Most of Happenstance in Your Life and Career,” Atascadero, CA: Impact Publishers.
Le Bon, G., (1896), “The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind,” London: Ernest Benn, Ltd.
Levering, R., and Moskowitz, M., (1993), “The 100 Best Companies to Work for in America,” Penguin Books, New York.
Levering, R., and Moskowitz, M., (1998), “The 100 Best Companies to Work for in America,” Fortune, 137(1), 84-95.
Luthans, F., (2002a), “The Need for and Meaning of Positive Organizational Behavior,” Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 695-706.
Luthans, F., (2002b), “Positive Organizational Behavior: Developing and Managing Psychological Strengths,” Academy of Management Executive, 16, 57-72.
Luthans, F., and Stajkovic, A., (1998), “Self-efficacy and Work-related Performance: A Meta-analysis,” Psychological Bulletin, 44, 580-590.
Luthans, F., and Youssef, C. M., (2004), “Human, Social, and Now Positive Psychological Capital Management: Investing in People for Competitive Advantage,” Organizational Dynamics, 33, 143-160.
Luthans, F., Avolio, B. J., Avey, J. B., and Norman, S. M., (2007), “Positive Psychological Capital: Measurement and Relationship with Performance and Satisfaction,” Personnel Psychology, 60, 541-572.
Luthans, F., Luthans, K., and Luthans, B., (2004), “Positive Psychological Capital: Going Beyond Human and Social Capital,” Business Horizons, 47, 45-50.
Luthans, F., Youssef, C. M., and Avolio, B. J., (2007), “Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge,” Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Maglitta, J., (1996), “For God and Company,” Computerworld, 30(15), 73.
Masten, A. S., and Reed, M. G. J., (2002), “Resilience in Development,” In Snyder, C. R., and Lopez, S., (Eds.), Handbook of Positive Psychology, 74-88, Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
Milliman, J., Ferguson, J., Trickett, D. and Condemi, B., (1999), “Spirit and Community at Southwest Airlines: An Investigation of a Sspiritual Values-Based Model,” Journal of Organization Change Management, 12(3), 221.
Neal, J., (1998), “Research on Individual Spiritual Transformation and Work,” Symposium Presented at the Academy of Management Conference, San Diego, CA.
Parker, S., (1998), “Enhancing role-breadth self efficacy: The roles of job enrichment and other organizational interventions,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 835-852.
Pfeffer J., and Salancik G. R., (2003), “The External Control of Organizations,” Stanford University Press.
Pierce, J. L., Kostova, T., and Dirks, K. T., (2001), “Toward a Theory of Psychological Ownership in Organizations,” Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 298-310.
Pierce, J. L., Rubenfeld, S.A., and Morgan, S., (1991), “Employee Ownership: A Conceptual Model of Process and Effects,” Academy of Management Review, 16, 121-144.

Porteous, J. D., (1976), “Home: The Territorial Core,” Geographical Review, 66, 383-390.
Rudmin, F. W., and Berry, J. W., (1987), “Semantics of Ownership: A Free-Recall Study of Property,” The Psychological Recoed, 37, 257-268.
Scheier, M. F., and Carver, C. S., (1985), “Optimism, coping, and health: Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies,” Health Psychology, 4, 219–247.
Seligman, M. E. P., (1998), “Learned Optimism,” New York: Pocket Books.
Sherr M. E., (2005), “Exploring How Social Work Administrators Integrate Spirituality in the Workplace,” NACSW Convention 2005.
Snyder, C. R., and Lopez, S., (2002), “Handbook of Positive Psychology,” New York: Oxford University Press.
Snyder, C. R., Sympson, S., Ybasco, F., Borders, T., Babyak, M., and Higgins, R., (1996), “Development and validation of the state hope scale,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 321-335.
Vaill, P., (1998), “Spirited Leading and Learning,” San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Van Dyne, L., and Pierce, J. L., (2004), “Psychological Ownership and Feelings of Possession: Three Field Studies Predicting Employee Attitudes and An Organizational Citizenship Behavior,” Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 439-459.


Wagnild, G.M., and Young, H. M., (1993), “Development and psychometric evaluation of the resiliency scale,” Journal of Nursing Management, 1, 165-178.
Yukl, G., (2002), “A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Leadership Behavior: Integrating a Half Century of Behavior Research,” Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 9(1), 15-32.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔