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研究生:王宸銘
研究生(外文):Chen-ming Wang
論文名稱:銀行業房屋抵押貸款最適還款選擇方案之研究-應用離散選擇模型
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Optimal Repayment Choice Projects of Mortgage Loan in Banking Industry:An Application of Discrete Choice Model
指導教授:周百隆周百隆引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pai-lung Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:風險管理與保險所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:風險管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:離散選擇模型還款選擇房屋抵押貸款方案異質性
外文關鍵詞:Discrete choice modelsRepayment choiceMortgage loanAlternative heteroscedasticity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:227
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘要
金融機構考量承做房貸業務倚賴於借款人未來是否選擇還款,一旦貸出者確定提供貸款後,借款人將面對正常還款或異常還款之不同情況,而異常還款尚可分為逾期、違約或提前清償等方案。過去探討異常還款之因素多集中於個人資料及總體環境指標,藉由二類方案、多類方案或資料模擬等估計型態,期望反映借款人各種選擇之特性,相較於真實借款人多層級離散選擇行為的相關研究,則付之闕如。本文主要探討借款人因個人社會經濟條件差異,及貸款利息與貸款利息對個人所得比等在不同方案之共生變數,評估選擇最終方案的影響。本文利用實際核准之房屋貸款案件,先採用離散選擇模型中條件羅吉特模型與多項羅吉特模型來進行估計,並分別運用豪斯曼檢定偵測兩模型之方案間是否具獨立無相關性(IIA),然而兩模型皆未能通過檢定,因此本文嘗試運用巢式羅吉特模型並以充分訊息最大概似法(FIML)進行估計,分析履約選擇及還款選擇對借款人行為之關係。結果發現借款人性別、座落地區、職稱、抵押品類型、貸款金額、貸款成數、貸款利息及現職年資對於履約選擇及還款選擇分別有重要的影響。最後,放寬IIA假設並投入服從不同連續分配之隨機參數,誤差項仍然維持分配具獨立且一致性(IID),建構出混合羅吉特模型,實證結果發現貸款利息對個人所得比之隨機參數,可顯著解釋離散選擇模型之異質性,並有助於提高模型之配適度。
ABSTRACT
The financial institutions consider transacting business of mortgage loans, which depends on whether the borrowers repay loans in the further. If one lender decides to offer the loans, consequently, it has to deal with different abnormal repayment in the future. And abnormal repayment could be attributed to varied projects, including past-due, delinquent or prepayment. In the past, the literatures discussing on abnormal repayment almost focus on personal data and macroeconomics by various estimated pattern,
namely binary projects, multiple projects or data simulation, which expect to demonstrate varied choices
of borrowers simultaneously. Comparing with the hierarchical choosing behavior of actual borrowers, it
seems too hard to find out related researches. The purpose of this paper is applying the individual difference of social economics background, loan interest expenditure and loan interest expenditure to personal income ratio assessment for varied projects to estimate the impacts on final choices of repayment projects. In this paper, we apply the discrete choice model to estimate the actual cases of housing loans. Specifically, both the conditional logit model and the multinomial logit model are estimated initially and the Hausman test is used to detect the existence of independence from irrelative alternatives (IIA) in different projects, but the IIA hypothesis could not hold exactly. This paper is an attempt to analyze the
causality between performance choice, repayment choices and borrower behaviors applying a nested logit model and full information maximum likelihood (FIML) method. The result demonstrates gender, location, position, type of collateral, amount of loan, loan to value ratio, loan interest and year of occupation play important roles on both performance and repayment choice. The feature of hierarchical choosing behavior can be exhibited precisely by the application of a nested logit model. Finally, we build the mixed logit model by relaxing the hypothesis of IIA and fitting various continuous distributions of
random parameters, in addition, the error terms are still independent and identically distributed(IID). The empirical results show that the heteroscedasticity of discrete choice model could be explained significantly by the random parameter defined as loan interest expenditure to personal income ratio, and which improve the goodness of fit.
目錄
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………ⅰ
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………ⅱ
誌謝………………………………………………………………………ⅲ
目錄………………………………………………………………………iv
表目錄……………………………………………………………………ⅴ
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………ⅵ
壹、緒論…………………………………………………………………1
一、研究背景與動機……………………………………………………1
二、研究目的……………………………………………………………7
三、研究方法與步驟……………………………………………………7
四、研究對象與資料來源………………………………………………10
五、本文架構……………………………………………………………10
貳、理論基礎與相關文獻………………………………………………12
一、房屋抵押貸款定義與風險預警沿革………………………………12
二、離散選擇模型理論(Discrete Choice Model)………………….14
參、研究設計與實證模型………………………………………………18
一、變數敘述性統計分析………………………………………………18
二、計量實證模型建構…………………………………………………23
(一)、離散選擇模型之基本假設與效用函數組成……………………23
(二)、多項式羅吉特模型及條件式羅吉特模型………………………25
(三)、解決方案間存有相似性模型……………………………………30
(四)、解決方案間存有相似性及異質性模型…………………………34
(五)、模型檢定統計量…………………………………………………42
肆、實證結果……………………………………………………………45
一、條件式羅吉特模型估計結果………………………………………45
二、多項式羅吉特模型估計結果………………………………………47
三、巢式羅吉特模型估計結果…………………………………………50
四、隨機參數羅吉特模型估計結果……........................54
伍、結論與建議…………………………………………………………58
一、結論…………………………………………………………………58
二、建議與未來研究方向………………………………………………59
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………61
附錄一:變數占方案百分比表、變數相關矩陣表……………………68
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