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研究生:邱志傑
研究生(外文):Chieh-Hsing Chiu
論文名稱:基於設備綱要之控制中心模擬系統
論文名稱(外文):A Simulation System for Control Center based on Equipment Schema
指導教授:楊浩青楊浩青引用關係
指導教授(外文):Haw-Ching Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:系統資訊與控制研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:協同應變設備綱要模擬訓練系統。
外文關鍵詞:Response CoordinationEquipment SchemaSimulation Training System.
相關次數:
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  為管控複雜系統如軌道運輸系統,藉由系統控制中心的設立,可有效強化該系統可能事故的應變能力。然而隨著控制中心的高度複雜化與專業化,中心內不同角色間的處理協同度,已成為事故應變處理的關鍵。目前,限於事故的偶發性與訓練的成本限制,實缺乏一有效且低成本的控制中心訓練系統以改善此協同度,從而造成控制中心的事故反應能力不足,甚或延宕反應造成更嚴重的連鎖事故。
  為改善協同度,本研究提出以設備綱要為基礎的模擬架構,建置一可供不同角色以協同應變事故的模擬訓練系統。在仿真上,本系統乃基於實際軌道運輸系統的實體結構、空間關係、與邏輯次序等,以設備綱要呈現之,除建構設備與不同角色操作畫面外,並提供實際操作模式的時序與動作程序,以模擬實際角色的操作。在訓練上,本系統可參考操作時間與次序,紀錄各角色實際操作時間與次序以供比對分析外,更可指出目前事故標準作業程序的疏漏與不足之處,做為賡續作業程序標準化改善的依據。最後,在訓練劇本上,可藉由事故案例的累積,與處理程序的模擬驗證,配合劇本案例的增加,與隨機性事故的產生,將可產出多樣化事故,從而提供角色間的更豐富事故應變的協同訓練。
  在實際效益上,本模擬系統除可供控制中心進行低成本的人員訓練,並可據以評估人員的訓練程度外,亦因系統採用綱要架構,實深具設備與相關系統的擴充性。在訓練成效上,人員經過訓練後,在操作錯誤率縮減44.3%、動作效率提高52%、合作反應時間縮減43.3%、總操作時間縮減40%,且藉由動作紀錄比對可找出個人易犯的錯誤及默契不足處,或藉以修改程序及確保訓練品質。
  To control a complicated system such as a transportation system, a control center has been presented to enhance the hazard responsibility. Since more complicated and specialized than before, the responsibility depends on the coordination between roles in the control center. However, constraints from hazard stochastic and training costs, peoples in a control center system are inadequate trained and unfamiliar cooperated; as a results, control centers used to delay response of hazards and then caused series of accidents from the delayed responses.
  To improve the rolls coordination, this research proposes an equipment schema based simulation system, which is used to train different roles to coordinate in response to hazards. In emulation, the proposed system is constructed based on physical structures, location relations, and logical sequences, as well as represented by equipment schema of a real transportation system. Except to developing operational interfaces of equipment and roles, this proposed system provides actual operational timing sequences to emulate actual operations by roles. In training, this system logs the operations by roles for comparing with the standard timing sequences to indicate and refine the omissions of the standard operational procedures of hazards. Finally, with accidents accumulated, procedural verified, scenarios added, and hazards generated, the proposed system coordinate users by roles in response to various hazards.
  In effects, this simulation system not only trains the roles in the control center to evaluate training efficiency, but also is adopted the schema structure to own the expendability of equipment and the corresponding system. As a training result, the operation error rate is reduced 44.3%, the movement efficiency is improved 52%, the cooperation time is reduced 44.3%, and the total operation time is reduced 40%; moreover, the logs assist user to identify the frequent errors and the cooperation leaks, to refine the operational procedures, and to ensure the training quality.
摘要.......................................................................................................................................... i
ABSTRACT............................................................................................................................ ii
致謝........................................................................................................................................iii
目錄........................................................................................................................................ iv
表目錄.................................................................................................................................... vi
圖目錄................................................................................................................................... vii
第一章緒論............................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 研究背景與動機....................................................................................................... 1
1.2 問題定義與限制........................................................................................................ 3
1.2.1 問題定義......................................................................................................... 3
1.2.2 限制................................................................................................................. 4
1.3 期望結果.................................................................................................................... 4
1.4 研究架構.................................................................................................................... 5
第二章文獻探討.................................................................................................................... 7
2.1 系統風險管理............................................................................................................ 7
2.2 災害案例及處理流程................................................................................................ 9
2.2.1 災害案例分析................................................................................................. 9
2.2.2 處理流程分析............................................................................................... 10
2.3 電腦輔助訓練模擬.................................................................................................. 10
2.3.1 特性比較....................................................................................................... 11
2.3.2 蒙地卡羅模擬............................................................................................... 11
2.3.3 ASCAP model ............................................................................................... 12
2.4 模擬訓練方式探討.................................................................................................. 13
2.4.1 一般防災演習訓練....................................................................................... 13
2.4.2 訓練設備為基礎之訓練系統....................................................................... 13
2.4.3 模擬軟體為基礎之訓練系統....................................................................... 13
2.4.4 資料庫為核心之訓練系統........................................................................... 14
第三章模擬系統建置.......................................................................................................... 15
3.1 協同應變模擬系統.................................................................................................. 15
3.1.1 系統架構....................................................................................................... 16
3.1.2 訓練劇本設計............................................................................................... 17
3.1.3 系統說明....................................................................................................... 19
3.2 設備綱要說明.......................................................................................................... 20
3.2.1 火警相關綱要/連鎖...................................................................................... 20
3.2.2 電力設備綱要/連鎖...................................................................................... 22
3.2.3 通訊設備綱要/連鎖...................................................................................... 25
3.2.4 環境設備綱要/連鎖...................................................................................... 28
3.3 資料庫及人機介面.................................................................................................. 29
3.3.1 資料庫關聯................................................................................................... 29
3.3.2 人機操作介面設計....................................................................................... 29
第四章模擬訓練系統案例.................................................................................................. 31
4.1 模擬訓練系統說明.................................................................................................. 31
4.2 訓練模擬案例.......................................................................................................... 32
4.2.1 設備故障....................................................................................................... 32
4.2.2 通訊異常....................................................................................................... 38
4.2.3 電力異常....................................................................................................... 42
4.2.4 火警意外....................................................................................................... 47
第五章結論與未來方向...................................................................................................... 53
5.1 實驗說明.................................................................................................................. 53
5.2 實驗數據分析.......................................................................................................... 53
5.2.1 操作時間....................................................................................................... 53
5.2.2 錯誤率及正確率........................................................................................... 54
5.2.3 動作效率與合作改善時間........................................................................... 55
5.3 處理動作分析比較.................................................................................................. 57
5.4 未來發展.................................................................................................................. 57
參考文獻............................................................................................................................... 59
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