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研究生:劉玲君
研究生(外文):Ling-Chun Liu
論文名稱:運用系統模擬技術探討電子採購平台建置中導入協同補貨機制之應用研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Embedding Collaborative Replenishment Mechanism within e-Procurement Platform by System Simulation Technique
指導教授:劉賓陽劉賓陽引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pin-Yang Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學系研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:122
中文關鍵詞:系統模擬協同商務供應鏈管理電子採購
外文關鍵詞:Supply chain managemente-ProcurementCollaborative businessSystem simulation
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現今企業競爭日趨激烈,成本與速度成為企業存活之關鍵,在供應鏈各成員間,存在許多資訊溝通障礙的情況下,導致存貨增加與前置時間拉長,以至於無法立即的回應最終消費者需求。近年來,許\多企業開始導入執行企業彼此之間的電子化作業,以簡化其與供應商之間的溝通程序、縮短時間、促進夥伴關係、提昇體系之競爭力,也因此能更加速產業界的體系整合,構成緊密供應鏈體系。
在供應鏈的體系中,常因需求變化快速、產品生命週期短、與產業上下游整合度不足,以致資訊無法透通,以致無法快速且有彈性的反應市場的需求,為這些影響企業營運。本研究將以產業及企業營運模式分析之方式,分析企業的競爭優劣勢及其與供應商之關係為何?藉由分析的結果作為未來企業如需建置e-Procurement電子採購系統之參考;再者,在供需市場亦常有買方或賣方優勢之供需關係,當面對賣方優勢供應商時,可進一步提供企業充足之資訊和賣方優勢之供應商進行協商。
本研究將以我國光電產業之中游TFT-LCD面板廠商為導入之個案研究對象,以其角度整合產業內之上、中、下游供應鏈體系,藉由主要面板製造商探討,面板廠如何引用電子採購模式,並藉由CPFR 機制的建立,以協助提升產業的反應能力,以因應市場需求的快速變化,進行探討與分析。藉由流程模擬以及改良等模式,並且以Arena流程模擬軟體進行分析,依其模擬之結果作為企業未來導入採購協同運作模式之參考依據。
Cost control and rapid response to market changes have become keys to survival of modern enterprises, especially during today’s ever-increasing business competitions. Communication obstacles such as information inconsistency and delays still exist among members of supply chains, leading to problems like inventory turnover decline and lead time stretch, and eventually are resulting inefficient reactions to the demand of final customers. In recent years, a number of firms have begun to adopt various electronic supply chain management systems to enhance the quality and efficiency of business communication among their suppliers. These systems have helped businesses parties simplify their communication time and enhance business partnerships and alliances, thus enhanced their overall competitive advantages. In additional, the wide implementation of such information technology is promoting healthy integration among industries towards much more efficient supply chains.
In a typical supply chain management scenario, businesses with ineffective operation management capability are often disturbed by rapid changes in market demands, short product life cycles, and lacks of integration from levels of suppliers, because the curial marketing information has not been efficiently delivered to proper functional departments, disabling the entire organization to reflect the changing demands and market conditions. This study is aimed to business and industrial models on examining firms’ competitive advantages and their relationship with suppliers. Based on the result of the analysis, it would be the reference to build up the system of e-procurement. Moreover, in market-based systems, it always exits supply-demand relationship between suppliers and buyer powers, when facing high supplier power; companies should provide sufficient information to negotiate with the suppliers.
The research is on the basis of Taiwan optoelectronic industry to investigate the companies of the TFT-LCD panel, and the supply chains of the industry. In analyzing the main TFT-LCD panel providers, the paper will probe into TFT-LCD firms to import e- procurement system by building the CPFR mechanism to improve the reaction capacity of businesses and to respond to the market rapid change. The study exerts simulation software, Arena, to conduct simulation and improvement of such models,then according to the simulation results to utilize them as a reference to purchasing cooperative enterprise into the future operation.
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究範圍與限制 3
1.4 研究流程 5
第二章文獻探討 6
2.1 供應鏈管理 6
2.2 電子化採購 11
2.3 協同規劃,預測與補貨機制 17
2.3.1 CPFR 定義 17
2.3.2 CPFR 架構及指導原則 20
2.3.3 CPFR 九步驟 22
2.3.4 CPFR 技術 26
2.3.5 CPFR 模式及相關研究 27
2.2.6 CPFR 之實行障礙 29
2.4 產業分析 31
第三章 研究設計 38
3.1 研究架構 38
3.2 產業分析 39
3.2.1 產業分析 39
3.2.2 企業營運模式 43
3.3 e-Procurement電子採購作業與協同機制 49
3.3.1企業之e-Procurement電子採購作業與協同機制評估 49
3.3.2 e-Procurement電子採購作業 50
3.3.3 CPFR協同運作機制 53
3.4 採購協同運作平台 56
3.4.1 採購協同運作平台特色及架構 56
3.4.2 採購協同運作平台功能說明 57
3.4.3 採購協同運作平台配套措施 61
3.5 模擬與分析 62
第四章 個案分析與模擬 64
4.1 TFT-LCD產業 64
4.1.1 TFT-LCD產業現況 64
4.1.2 TFT-LCD產業特性 66
4.2 個案公司 73
4.2.1 個案公司簡介 73
4.2.2 個案公司營運概況 74
4.2.3 個案公司之產業鏈及競爭優勢分析 75
4.3 模擬模型建構(Model construction) 80
4.3.1 現況模擬模型建構(Classical Model Construction) 86
4.3.2 e-Procurement模型建構 88
4.3.3 CPFR模型建構 91
4.4 模擬 92
4.4.1 模擬假設條件 92
4.4.2 模擬分析 93
4.5 總結 99
第五章 結論與建議 100
5.1 結論 100
5.2 未來研究建議 101
參考文獻 102
附錄 108
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