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研究生:陳玥泠
研究生(外文):CHEN, YUEH-LING
論文名稱:休閒參與、社會資本及主觀幸福感之關係研究:以臺中市居民為例
論文名稱(外文):A study of the relationship among leisure participation,social capital and subjective well-being: A case study of Taichung city residents
指導教授:吳忠宏 博士
指導教授(外文):Dr. Homer C. Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺中教育大學
系所名稱:環境教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:休閒參與 社會資本 主觀幸福感 結構方程模式
外文關鍵詞:Leisure participation Social capital Subjective well-being Structural Equation Modeling.
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本論文旨在瞭解台中市居民休閒參與、社會資本及主觀幸福感之現況;接著探討台中市居民的背景資料與休閒參與、社會資本及主觀幸福感之關係;進而建構並驗證「休閒參與、社會資本及主觀幸福感模式」,以瞭解休閒參與、社會資本對主觀幸福感的影響。
研究採問卷調查的方式,共獲得有效問卷403份。經回顧相關理論並運用結構方程模式及相關的統計分析後,結果顯示:
一、台中市居民的婚姻狀況、年齡、職業、教育程度、個人月收入及自陳健康狀況在休閒參與、社會資本及主觀幸福感等部份構念上有顯著的差異。
二、本研究之「休閒參與、社會資本及主觀幸福感」,整體適配度普通(GFI=0.93, RMSEA=0.082, CFI=0.96,PNFI=0.73),綜合評估三種適配指標,本研究之適配度達可接受範圍。由模式得知休閒參與、社會資本皆正向且顯著地影響主觀幸福感(γ=0.21,β=0.73);休閒參與也正向且顯著地影響社會資本(γ=0.39)。
根據以上結果對台中市政府相關單位提出如何提高休閒參與率,增加人際互動的機會,以促進居民的社會資本與幸福感等建議,並對後續研究提出具體建議。
The purpose of this research was to establish a conceptual model of leisure participation, social capital and subjective well-being. The specific objectives were as follows: 1. to understand the Taichung city residents’ leisure participation, social capital and subjective well-being; 2. to explore the relationships among residents’ socio-demographic characters, leisure participation, social capital and subjective well-being; 3. to construct and validate the structural model among leisure participation, social capital and subjective well-being and then to examine the causal relationships among leisure participation, social capital and subjective well-being.
A total of 403 valid questionnaires were collected through face-to-face survey from residents who live in the Taichung city. Establishing from the previous literature, we tested the conceptual model and found that leisure participation and social capital are antecedents of residents’ subjective well-being.
Based on the research findings, there were significant differences among residents’ social-demographic characteristics, leisure participation, social capital and subjective well-being. Furthermore, the variables of residents’ marriage status, age, occupation, education, family monthly income, self-rated health showed significant variance in leisure participation, social capital and subjective well-being.
The overall modified model was moderate fit the data (GFI=0.93, RMSEA=0.082, CFI=0.96, PNFI=0.73). After conducting the Structural Equation Modeling, the results showed that the residents’ leisure participation and social capital positively and significantly influenced subjective well-being. (γ=0.21,β=0.73); their leisure participtation also positively and significantly influenced social capital. (γ=0.39). Based on the findings of this study, some suggestions are proposed for local government authority providing adequate leisure facilities and meeting places.
Therefore, the residents can have more chance to participate leisure activities, and enhence interpersonal interaction. Finally, the recommendations for future research were also discussed.
謝誌 I
中文摘要 II
英文摘要 III
目錄 V
表 目 錄 VII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
第一節 社會資本 6
第二節 休閒參與 11
第三節 幸福感 13
第四節 社會資本、休閒參與及幸福感間之相關理論與實證研究 17
第三章 研究方法 23
第一節 研究架構與研究假設 23
第二節 變項的定義與測量 26
第三節 抽樣設計 31
第四節 效度與信度 32
第五節 資料處理與分析方法 38
第四章 結果與討論 40
第一節 有效樣本背景變項特性分析 40
第二節 社會資本、休閒參與及主觀幸福感現況分析 43
第三節 社會資本、休閒參與及主觀幸福感探索性因素分析 46
第四節 背景變項與社會資本、休閒參與及主觀幸福感之關係 52
第五節 結構方程模式分析 60
第六節 休閒參與對社會資本及主觀幸福感影響模式分析與討論 74
第五章 結論與建議 77
第一節 結 論 77
第二節 建議 80
參考文獻 83
一、中文文獻 83
二、英文文獻 84
附錄一 問卷審查專家名單與意見回覆 90
附錄二 預試問卷 98
附錄三 正式問卷 103
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