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研究生:李承漢
研究生(外文):Li, Cheng-Han
論文名稱:可攜式電子鼻SAW感測器陣列介面電路
論文名稱(外文):Interface Circuits for a Portable Electronic Nose Based on Surface Acoustic Wave Sensor Array
指導教授:鄭桂忠
指導教授(外文):Tang, Kea-Tiong
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:可攜式電子鼻感測器介面電路表面聲波感測器
外文關鍵詞:portable electronic nosesensor interfacesurface acoustic wave sensor
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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電子鼻系統是目前世界上熱門的研究領域,它可以廣泛應用於各個產業及日常生活。藉由電子鼻系統可便於增加辨識氣體的種類、地點,並大幅改善辨識可靠度,傳統以人類嗅覺辨識氣體容易受到辨識者身體狀態及主觀意識等因素影響辨識可靠度。本論文希望能增加電子鼻系統的便利性,使用電路取代傳統電子鼻實驗需要使用的精密儀器,使電子鼻系統的應用可以不受到地點的限制,且降低成本。
表面聲波(Surface Acoustic Wave)感測器具有高靈敏度、響應速度快等優點,非常適合用於做為氣體感測器,透過陣列化可以圖形辨識的方式判斷目前感測到的氣體種類及濃度。使用非連續式表面聲波感測器陣列量測氣體所耗費功率較低,可延長可攜式裝置運作時間。本論文使用0.18μm CMOS製程設計數位式、類比式、混合訊號式(Mixed-Mode)電路實現表面聲波感測器陣列介面電路。數位式介面電路具有較高解析度特性,類比式介面電路具有低功耗特性,混合訊號式介面電路結合數位式電路及類比式電路的優點,其功率消耗僅1.48mW,解析度為10Hz,適用於輸出頻率約100MHz的SAW感測器陣列,並可結合無線傳輸模組傳送資料給接收端儲存與分析。

Electronic nose system is the world's popular field of studies, it can be widely applied to various industries and daily life. This thesis hopes to increase the convenience of the electronic nose system, the applicable site of electronic nose system can’t be constraints, and low cost.
Surface Acoustic Wave sensors with high sensitivity, fast response, etc., is very suitable for as gas sensors. Use of non-continuous surface acoustic wave gas sensor array measured power consumed by the lower, extend the operating hours of portable devices. It realization of SAW sensor interface circuits by using 0.18μm CMOS process in this work. The three types of circuits are digital, analog and mixed-mode SAW array interface circuit, the performance of the mixed-mode circuits is the best one, the power consumption is only 1.48mW, the resolution is 10Hz, suitable for the SAW output frequency of about 100MHz sensor array. The interface can be combined with wireless transmission to send data to the receiver storage and analysis.

第一章 緒論
1.1 前言
1.2 研究目標
第二章 文獻回顧
2.1 電子鼻簡介
2.1.1 金屬氧化物半導體感測器
2.1.2 金屬氧化物場效電晶體
2.1.3 導電聚合物感測器
2.1.4 光學感測器
2.1.5 石英晶體微量天平
2.1.6 表面聲波元件
2.1.7 各種電子鼻感測器之比較
2.2 表面聲波感測器陣列
第三章 表面聲波基本理論及參數
3.1 壓電現象的發展
3.2 壓電效應
3.3壓電材料種類
3.4指叉式電極換能器
3.5 頻率飄移效應
3.6質量負載效應
第四章 表面聲波感測器介面電路設計
4.1 設計考量
4.2 數位式頻率讀取電路
4.3 積體化數位式頻率讀取電路
4.4 類比式低功耗SAW感測器介面電路
4.4.1 架構原理介紹
4.4.2 混波器
4.4.3 低通濾波器
4.4.4 比較器
4.4.5 頻率電壓轉換器
4.5 混合訊號SAW感測器介面電路
第五章 量測結果與驗證
5.1 積體化數位式頻率讀取電路量測
5.1.1 量測環境設定
5.1.2解析度與精確度測試
5.1.3 功率消耗
5.2 類比式低功耗SAW感測器介面電路量測
5.2.1 量測環境設定
5.2.2解析度與精確度測試
5.2.3 功率消耗
5.3 混合訊號SAW感測器介面電路驗證與比較
5.3.1 量測環境設定
5.3.2 解析度與精確度測試
5.3.3 功率消耗
5.4 模擬氣體實驗測試
5.4.1 無線傳輸模組
5.4.2 模擬氣體測試流程
5.4.3 統計分析
5.5 氣體實驗結果
5.5.2 氣體測試流程
5.5.3 統計分析
第六章 結論與未來發展
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