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研究生:鄭劭鈞
研究生(外文):Cheng, Shao-Chun
論文名稱:適用於風力發電之無感測型雙饋感應發電機組適應控制器開發與實現
論文名稱(外文):Implementations and Developments of Adaptive Control Techniques of Sensorless Doubly-Fed Induction Generators for Wind Generations
指導教授:朱家齊朱家齊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu, Chia-Chi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:雙饋式感應發電機無感測控制器定子磁場導向控制參考模型適應性系統全階磁通估測器即時控制平台
外文關鍵詞:Doubly-Fed Induction GeneratorsSensorless ControllerStator Flux Oriented ControlModel-Reference Adaptive System (MRAS)Full-Order Flux ObserverxPC
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雙饋式感應發電機具有變速恆頻之性能,且降低所需電力轉換器之額定功率,特別適用於經常變速的風力發電系統之特性,並可藉此控制發電機輸出實功功率及虛功功率,因此採用合適的激磁控制策略是雙饋式感應發電機能夠發揮其良好的調節性能、操作的靈活性及可靠性的關鍵。而對於雙饋式感應發電機之磁場導向控制策略目前已有初步的理論分析與實驗證明,現有技術多半需要轉速感測器。本文探討合適的無感測器理論應用於雙饋式感應發電系統,達成相近系統控制效能之目標下,減少轉速感測器成本支出。
本論文將以雙饋式感應發電機的向量控制為基礎,探討相關無感測型向量控制,貢獻有下列三點:
1. 建構雙饋式感應發電機的基本模型架構以及介紹定子磁交鏈之電壓與電流模型,並推導出廣義磁交鏈之相互關係,及建構雙饋式感應發電機之定子磁場導向控制模擬架構,為無感測型控制器理論之模型奠定基礎。
2. 深入分析在定子磁場導向控制下,全階磁通估測型無感測器理論分析與詳細的推導,接著介紹於靜止座標系下之參考模型適應性系統之降階估測法,最後模擬其兩種不同無感測器之結果與實測波形,探討其優缺點。
3. 發展一套2.2kW三相6極的雙饋式感應發電機系之xPC即時控制發展平台,以驗證本論文控制理論的正確性。

In recent years, doubly-fed induction generators (DFIGs) has become one of the major type of variable-speed fixed-frequency generators for large-scale wind farm applications. Some elementary sensor-based flux-oriented control strategies have been successfully implemented in current wind power industry practice. Similar to technology developments in conventional fixed-speed induction generator, sensorless control may be a new issue to further reduce sensor cost and provide similar satisfactory transient performance of sensor-based control. The main theme of this thesis is to study sensorless control algorithms for DFIGs. Both grid-connected and stand-alone configurations will be addressed. The main contributions of this thesis can be summarized as follows:
Static characteristics of DFIGs and their operating capacity will be conducted first. Dynamical models in terms of both the voltage and current model on stator flux oriented control will be developed in the generalized flux-oriented scheme. And a laboratory real-time control 2.2 kW DFIG platform is developed. The system is constructed by Matlab/Simulink and xPC system. Finally two types of sensorless control, including the model reference adaptive system (MRAS) control and the full-order observer control , are studied. Detailed analysis are provided. Both software simulations and hardware experiments are conducted. Experimental works have been conducted to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy. Comparion studies of both sensorless control laws are also discussed.

摘要 II
Abstract III
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 XI
符號說明 XII
英文縮寫對照表 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 相關文獻回顧 2
1.3 本論文之貢獻 3
1.4 本論文內容概述 3
第二章 雙饋式感應發電系統基本理論與向量控制策略 5
2.1 前言 5
2.2 雙饋式感應發電機基本原理 5
2.2.1 雙饋式感應發電機運轉的基本概念 6
2.2.2 雙饋式感應發電機之動態模型 8
2.2.3 廣義磁場導向控制策略 10
2.2.4 廣義磁場導向特例 14
2.2.5 廣義磁交鏈特例之關係 24
2.2.6 雙饋式感應發電機運轉能力限制 25
2.3 實驗平台硬體架構 28
2.3.1 PC-based 發展環境 28
2.3.2 數位資料介面卡介紹 29
2.3.3 xPC AD-DA方塊組 33
2.4 小結 35
第三章 全階型磁通估測器轉速估測法 37
3.1 前言 37
3.2 DFIG模型與無感測向量控制 37
3.2.1 DFIG模型線性化 37
3.2.2 速度適應之全階磁通估測器 39
3.2.3 全階磁通估測器模型線性化 44
3.3 模擬與實測結果 49
3.4 小結 53
第四章 參考模型適應性系統轉速估測法 54
4.1 前言 54
4.2 MRAS無感測型控制策略 54
4.2.1 基於定子磁場之MRAS控制器(SFMO) 57
4.2.2 基於轉子磁場之MRAS控制器(RFMO) 63
4.2.3 基於氣隙磁場之MRAS控制器(AFMO) 68
4.2.4 基於反電動勢之MRAS控制器 74
4.3 小結 78
第五章 結論與展望 80
參考文獻 81
附錄:系統參數 84

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