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研究生:黃振祐
研究生(外文):Huang, Jhen-Yu
論文名稱:具切換式整流器前級隔離式三相變頻器系統之開發
論文名稱(外文):DEVELOPMENT OF ISOLATED THREE-PHASE INVERTER SYSTEMS WITH SWITCH-MODE RECTIFIER FRONT-ENDS
指導教授:徐永珍徐永珍引用關係廖聰明廖聰明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsu, Yung-JaneLiaw, Chang-Ming
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:電力電子產業研發碩士專班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:英文
論文頁數:169
中文關鍵詞:單相變頻器三相變頻器Scott-T模組連接波型追蹤低頻隔離高頻隔離數位信號處理器切換式整流器
外文關鍵詞:single-phase inverterthree-phase inverterScott-T modular connectedwaveform trackinglow-frequency isolatedhigh-frequency isolatedDSPswitch-mode rectifier
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  此論文旨在研製一單模組高頻隔離三相變頻器及一史考特T (Scott-T) 模組連接之低頻隔離三相變頻器。二者皆配備三種不同類型式之三相切換式整流器前級,藉由數位信號處理器為主之數位控制,所建變頻器具良好之輸出性能。
  首先設計建構一單相變頻器模組,以所提之電流及電壓控制架構使其具有良好及強健之輸出電壓波形追蹤特性。接著應用二組所建單相變頻器透過Scott-T變壓器接成一低頻隔離式三相變頻器,此系統僅需兩個單相變頻器模組及一組史考特變壓器。一些實測結果顯示其優良之操作性能,包括在不平衡及非線性負載下之電壓波形追控特性以及三相不平衡特性等。接著,建構高頻隔離三相變頻器,其包含一個六開關單模組三相變頻器及一LLC共振DC/DC轉換器,建立隔離直流鏈具有良好之電壓調節特性。兩種三相變頻器性能也將予以比較評估。特定言之,高頻隔離三相變頻器在非線性負載下之電壓波形失真較少。不過,由於高頻變壓器之固有限制,其額定之增大較為困難。
  最後,本論文從事三種三相切換式整流器之開發,並將其用為所建立三相變頻器之前級。此三種切換式整流器含三相單開關,三相無橋式及零電流轉移切換,具不同型式切換式整流器前級之三相變頻器系統將以一些實測結果進行其性能比較評估。
The major purposes of this thesis are to develop a single-module high-frequency isolated three-phase inverter and a Scott-T modular connected low-frequency isolated three-phase inverter. All are equipped with different types of three-phase switch-mode rectifiers, and proper digital controls using digital signal processor (DSP) are conducted to yield good inverter output performance.
First, a single-phase inverter is designed and implemented, which possesses excellent and robust output voltage waveform tracking characteristics via the proposed sophisticated current and voltage control schemes. The established single-phase inverter is then employed to form a low-frequency isolated Scott-T modular connected three-phase inverter, only two inverter modules and a Scott-T transformer bank are employed. Some measured results are provided to demonstrate its operating performances, including voltage waveforms under unbalanced and nonlinear loads, and three-phase imbalance, etc. Second, a high-frequency isolated three-phase inverter is constructed. It consists of a single-module six-switch three-phase inverter and a LLC resonant DC/DC converter to establish the isolated DC-link with well-regulated voltage. The comparative performance evaluation for these two types of three-phase inverters is conducted. Specifically speaking, the high-frequency isolated inverter possesses less output voltage waveform distortion in powering nonlinear loads. However, its rating enlargement is more difficult owing to the inherent limits of high-frequency power transformer.
Finally, the development of three types of three-phase switch-mode rectifiers (SMRs) is made, and they are utilized to serve as the front-ends of the developed inverters. These include three-phase single-switch (3P1SW) SMR, three-phase bridgeless SMR and three-phase single-switch zero-current-transition (3P1SW ZCT) SMR. The established different SMR-fed inverter systems are assessed their performances comparatively by measured results.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 2 FUNDAMENTALS OF INVERTERS
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Classifications of Inverters
2.3 Sinusoidal PWM Inverters
2.4 Current Controlled PWM Schemes
2.5 Some Practical Considerations
2.6 Some HF Isolated Single-Phase Inverters
2.7 Multi-Level Inverters
2.8 Power Quality Parameters

CHAPTER 3 ESTABLISHMENT OF DSP-BASED THREE-PHASE SWITCH-MODE RECTIFIERS
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Some Existing Three-Phase SMRs
3.3 DSP-Based Digital Control Issues
3.4 Establishment of Three-Phase Single-Switch SMR
3.4.1 Schematic and Operation
3.4.2 Design of Power Circuit

3.4.3 Design of Voltage Feedback Controller
3.4.4 Measured Results
3.5 Establishment of Three-Phase Bridgeless SMR
3.5.1 Schematic and Operation
3.5.2 Measured Results
3.6 Three-Phase Single-Switch ZCT SMR
3.6.1 Some Existing Soft-Switching SMRs
3.6.2 Schematic and Operation
3.6.3 Design of Power Circuit
3.6.4 Measured Results

CHAPTER 4 MODULAR CONNECTED SCOTT-T LF ISOLATED THREE-PHASE INVERTER
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Low-Frequency Isolated Single-Phase Inverter
4.2.1 Power Circuit
4.2.2 The Proposed Control Scheme
4.2.3 Performance Evaluation
4.3 Three-Phase Inverter Test Loads
4.4 Two-Phase to Three-Phase Voltage Transformation
4.5 LF Isolated Scott-T connected Three-Phase Inverter with 3P1SW SMR Front-End
4.6 LF Isolated Scott-T connected Three-Phase Inverter with Three-Phase Bridgeless SMR Front-End
4.7 LF Isolated Scott-T Connected Three-Phase Inverter with 3P1SW ZCT SMR Front-End
4.8 LF Isolated Scott-T Connected Three-Phase Inverter with Three-Phase Rectifier Front-End

CHAPTER 5 SINGLE-MODULE LF AND HF ISOLATED THREE- PHASE INVERTERS
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Single-Module LF Isolated Three-Phase Inverter
5.3 HF Isolated DC-link Established using LLC Resonant DC/DC Converter
5.3.1 Operation Principle of a LLC Resonant Converter
5.3.2 Governing Equations
5.3.3 Simulation Result
5.3.4 Design of System Components
5.3.5 Design of Voltage Feedback Controller
5.3.6 Measured Results
5.4 Single-Module HF Isolated Three-Phase Inverter

CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSIONS

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[88] S. G. Song, D. K. Kim, H. K. Nam and S. J. Park, “Common arm three-phase transformer multi-level inverter,” in Proc. IEEE INTELEC, 2009, pp. 1-5.
[89] Y. Ding, P. C. Loh, K. K. Tan, P. Wang and F. Gao, “Reliability evaluation of three-level inverters,” in Proc. IEEE APEC, 2010, pp. 1555-1560.
H. Three-Phase Single-Module Inverters
[90] C. Liu, J. Lai, F. C. Lee, D. Chen and R. Zhang, “Common-mode components comparison for different SVM schemes in three-phase four-legged converter,” in Proc. IEEE IPEMC, 2000, pp. 633-638.
[91] N. Patin, E. Monmasson and J. P. Louis, “Fault tolerant control using a hybrid predictive strategy applied to a current controlled four-legged three-phase converter,” in Proc. IEEE IET, 2007, pp. 1-6.
[92] T. Kominami and Y. Fujimoto, “A novel nine-switch inverter for independent control of two three-phase loads,” in Proc. IEEE IAS, 2007, pp. 2346-2350.
[93] F. Botteron and H. Pinheiro, “A three-phase UPS that complies with the standard IEC 62040-3,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 2120-2136, 2007.
[94] Y. Chen and K. Smedley, “Three-phase boost-type grid-connected inverter,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 2301-2309, 2008.
[95] B. Koushki, H. Khalilinia, J. Ghaisari and M. S. Nejad, “A new three-phase boost inverter-topology and controller,” in Proc. IEEE CCECE, 2008, pp. 757-760.
[96] B. Koushki and J. Ghaisari “A voltage reference design for three-phase boost inverter,” in Proc. IEEE EURCON, 2009, pp. 650-654.

I. Modular Connected Three-Phase Inverters
[97] R. J. Kakalec, “A comparison of three phase Scott-T and ferroresonant transformers,” in Proc. IEEE EEIC, 1995, pp. 619-623.
[98] M. Milanovic, D. Dolinar and A. Ravnjak, “DC to three-phase inverter based on two-phase to three-phase transformation,” in Proc. IEEE ISIE, 2002, pp. 784-788.
[99] W. S. Chu and J. C. Gu, “A new hybrid SVC scheme with Scott transformer for balance improvement,” in Proc. IEEE RRCON, 2006, pp. 217-224.
[100] A. A. Badin and I. Barbi, “Unity power factor isolated three-phase rectifier with split DC-bus based on the Scott transformer,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1278-1287, 2008.
[101] H. E. Mazin and W. Xu, “An investigation on the effectiveness of Scott transformer on harmonic reduction,” in Proc. IEEE PES, 2008, pp. 1-4.
J. High Frequency Isolated DC-Link
[102] A. I. Pressman, Switching Power Supply Design, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999.
[103] C. M. Liaw and T. H. Chen, “A soft-switching mode rectifier with power factor correction and high frequency transformer link,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 644-654, 2000.
[104] M. Z. Ramli, Z. Salam, L. S. Toh and C. L. Nge, “A bidirectional inverter with high frequency isolated transformer,” in Proc. IEEE PECon, 2003, pp. 71-75.
[105] P. K. Jain, K. Wen, H. Soin and Y. Xi, “Analysis and design considerations of a load and line independent zero voltage switching full bridge DC/DC converter topology,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 649-657, 2002.
[106] G. Koo, G. Moon and M. Youn, “New zero-voltage-switching phase-shift full-bridge converter with low conduction losses,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 228-235, 2005.
[107] O. Deblecker, A. Moretti and F. Vallee, “Comparative study of soft-switched isolated DC-DC converters for auxiliary railway supply,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 2218-2229, 2008.
[108] M. H. Kheraluwala, D. W. Novotny and D. M. Divan, “Design considerations for high power high frequency transformers,” in Proc. IEEE PESC, 1990, pp. 734-742.
[109] R. Petkov, “Optimum design of a high-power, high-frequency transformer,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 33-42, 1996.
[110] W. G. Hurley, W. H. Wolfle and J. G. Breslin, “Optimized transformer design: inclusive of high-frequency effects,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 13, pp. 651-659, 1998.
[111] T. Jimichi, H. Fujita and H. Akagi, “A dynamic voltage restorer equipped with a high-frequency isolated DC-DC converter,” in Proc. IEEE ECCE, 2009, pp. 1459-1465.
[112] S. Inoue and H. Akagi, “A bidirectional isolated DC/DC converter as a core circuit of the next-generation medium-voltage power conversion system,” IEEE Trans. Power. Electron., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 535-542, 2007.
[113] X. Li and A. K. S. Bhat, “AC equivalent circuit analysis for high-frequency isolated dual-bridge series resonant DC/DC converter,” in Proc. IEEE PESC, 2008, pp. 238-244.
[114] Z. Wang and H. Li, “Unified modulation for three-phase current-fed bidirectional DC-DC converter under varied input voltage,” in Proc. IEEE APEC, 2010, pp. 807-812.
[115] X. Li and A. K. S. Bhat, “Analysis and design of high-frequency isolated dual-bridge series resonant DC/DC converter,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 850-862, 2010.
K. Others
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[117] F. L. Luo, H. Ye and M. H. Rashid, Digital Power Electronics and Applications, Academic Press Inc: London Ltd, 2005.
[118] “Digital signal controller TMS320F2812 datasheet,” Available: http://focus.ti. com/lit/ds/symlink /tms320f2812.pdf
[119] ‘‘C28x IQmath Library-A Virtual Floating Point Engine,’’ Available: http://focus.ti. com/lit/sw /sprc990/sprc990.pdf
[120] P. Kulkarni, “Assessing power quality impacts and solutions for the California food processing industry,” EPRI, California, Tech, Rep, 100-98-001, EPRI Project #37, 2005.
[121] R. C. Dugan, M. F. McGranaghan, S. Santoso and H. W. Beaty, Electrical Power Systems Quality, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, 2003.
[122] A. Jouanne and B. Banerjee, “Assessment of voltage unbalance,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 782-790, 2001.
[123] Y. C. Chang and C. M. Liaw, “Design and control for a charge-regulated flyback switch mode rectifier,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 59-74, 2009.
[124] “Half-bridge LLC resonant converter design using FSFR-series Fairchild Power Switch,” Available: http://www.fairchildsemi.com/an/AN/AN-4151.pdf
[125] AMOTECH Cut-cores for High Power Applications Data Manual, Advance Material on Technology Co., Korea, 2005.
[126] Advance Powder Core for High Current PFC/Out Put Choke Application Data Manual, Amosense Co., Korea, 2005.
[127] C. H. Yeh, “DSP-based inverter systems with three-phase switch-mode rectifier front-end,” Master Thesis, Department of Electrical Engineering NTHU, Hsinchu, ROC, 2009.
[128] Y. B. Chen, “Development of digital controlled modular inverters with switching mode rectifier front-end,” Master Thesis, Department of Electrical Engineering NTHU, Hsinchu, ROC, 2007.
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