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研究生:周昱宏
研究生(外文):Yu-hung Chou
論文名稱:熱適應對跑步經濟性的影響
論文名稱(外文):The effect of heat acclimation on running economy
指導教授:龔憶琳龔憶琳引用關係
指導教授(外文):I-Lin Kung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺南大學
系所名稱:體育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:52
中文關鍵詞:運動自覺指數心跳率最大攝氧量
外文關鍵詞:heart rateVO2maxRPE
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目的:跑步經濟性是近年來被認為可以代表選手耐力能力的一項生理指標,若可以增進跑步經濟性,對於選手的耐力表現將會有所提升。本研究目的是以熱適應的方式作為訓練,探討對於跑步經濟性的影響。方法:本研究以9位有規律運動習慣之健康男性,平均年齡21.67(1.66)歲、身高172.33(8.76)公分、體重64.33(5.17)公斤為受試對象。進行兩週的熱適應,在溫度40℃,相對溼度30%的溫控室內進行腳踏車運動14天。前7天以30% VO2max的強度,後7天則以40%VO2max的強度進行每天80分鐘的踏車運動。比較熱適應前後跑步經濟性(Running Economy,RE)、最大攝氧量(VO2max)、運動持續時間、心跳率(Heart Rate,HR)、運動自覺指數(Rating of Perceived Exertion,RPE)等數值的變化,所得資料以相依樣本t考驗進行分析。結果:熱適應前後在RE、VO2max及RPE上皆無顯著差異(p>.05),但在運動持續時間上有顯著的增加(p<.05),衰竭心跳率則有顯著的降低(p<.05)。結論:雖然熱適應無法提升受試者的跑步經濟性及最大攝氧量,但是可以增加運動的持續時間及降低最大運動時的衰竭心跳率。
Purpose:“Running Economy” (RE) is regarded as the physical indicator to represent athlete’s endurance capacity. The purpose of research is to train with heat acclimation in order to explore the influence on running economy. Methods: This research utilized 9 health males with regularly exercising habits as samples, whose average age is 21.67(1.66) years old, average height is 172.33(8.76) cm, and average weight is 64.33(5.17) kg. The samples were treated heat acclimation during two weeks in temperature control chamber under temperature 40℃, relative humidity 30% to conduct bicycle exercise 14 days, the former 7 days executed by 30% VO2max and the later 7 days treated by 40% VO2max, and 80 minutes a day. In the last, comparing value change of RE, VO2max, exercise duration time, heart rate, and rating of perceived exertion(RPE), and additionally utilized dependent samples t-test to analyze the data. Results: After heat acclimation, RE, VO2max, and RPE were all nonsignificantly different(p>.05), Exercise duration time enhanced significantly, and exhaustion heart rate reduced significantly. Conclusions: Although heat acclimation wouldn’t improve the RE and VO2max, but it could enhance exercise duration time and reduces exhustive exercise HR.
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………………...i
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………......ii
謝誌……………………………………………………………………………….iii
目次………………………………………………………………………………..iv
表次………………………………………………………………………………..vi
圖次……………………………………………………………………………….vii
第壹章 緒論………………………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究背景………………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………………………4
第三節 名詞操作性定義………………………………………………………5
第四節 研究的重要性…………………………………………………………5
第貳章 文獻探討…………………………………………………………………6
第一節 跑步經濟性對耐力運動表現的影響………………………………..6
第二節 影響跑步經濟性的因素……………………………………………...7
第三節 熱適應對運動表現的影響…………………………………………...9
第參章 研究方法與步驟………………………………………………………..15
第一節 研究對象……………………………………………………………..15
第二節 實驗地點與時間…………………………………………………….15
第三節 實驗設計與步驟…………………………………………………….16
第四節 測驗方法與工具…………………………………………………….19
第五節 統計方法……………………………………………………………..25
第肆章 結果……………………………………………………………………..26
第一節 熱適應對最大攝氧量的影響……………………………………….26
第二節 熱適應對跑步經濟性的影響……………………………………….26
第三節 熱適應對運動時間的影響………………………………………….27
第四節 熱適應對運動自覺指數的影響…………………………………….28
第五節 熱適應對心跳率的影響…………………………………………….29
第六節 排汗量………………………………………………………………..30
第伍章 討論……………………………………………………………………..32
第一節 熱適應對跑步經濟性的影響……………………………………….32
第二節 熱適應對運動自覺指數的影響…………………………………….33
第三節 熱適應對最大攝氧量的影響……………………………………….34
第四節 熱適應對運動持續時間的影響…………………………………….34
第五節 熱適應對心跳率的影響…………………………………………….35
第陸章 結論與建議……………………………………………………………..37
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………………..37
第二節 建議…………………………………………………………………..37
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………….38
附錄……………………………………………………………………………….43
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