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研究生:陳增穎
研究生(外文):Tsengying Cheng
論文名稱:負傷的心理師--受苦生命經驗的轉化與實踐之敘說研究
論文名稱(外文):Wounded Psychotherapists—Transformation and Practice of Suffering Life Experiences: A Narrative Analysis
指導教授:田秀蘭田秀蘭引用關係
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導學系
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:285
中文關鍵詞:負傷的心理師受苦生命經驗敘說研究轉化
外文關鍵詞:Wounded PsychotherapistsSuffering Life ExperiencesNarrative AnalysisTransformation
相關次數:
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  受苦是人類必經現象,雖然受苦令人不安,但眾多的研究都證明受苦生命經驗可以令人發現生命的意義,並經由受苦經驗的轉化成長,形成個人生命的智慧。在心理治療中,心理師會協助當事人面對生活中的困境,但在現實生活裡,心理師也會面臨人生的苦難。因此本研究將焦點集中在瞭解心理師的受苦生命經驗內容、心理師經歷受苦生命經驗時獲得意義的方式、心理師經歷受苦生命經驗後的轉化,以及心理師的受苦生命經驗轉化在治療實務工作上的應用。
  本研究採用敘說研究法,讓故事反應受訪者的經驗,同時採用「整體—內容」與「類別—內容」兩種資料分析方式。本研究共訪談三位資深心理師,第一階段的分析呈現三位受訪心理師的受苦生命經驗故事,並個別就三位受訪心理師的敘說故事,針對四個研究問題提出主題整理與研究者的詮釋。
  第二階段則根據研究問題與目的進行跨案例分析及綜合討論。在「心理師的受苦生命經驗內容」方面,歸納出「求不得苦」、「愛別離苦」及「怨憎會苦」等主題;在「心理師經歷受苦生命經驗時獲得意義的方式」方面,則歸納為「承擔與接受」、「寄託與盼望」,及「堅持與相信」等三個主題;在「心理師經歷受苦生命經驗後的轉化」方面歸納為「隨緣不變,不變隨緣」、「盡其在我」,及「吃苦了苦,回甘人生」等三個主題;在「心理師的受苦生命經驗轉化在治療實務工作上的應用」中則歸納為「悲心作意」、「以不忍人之心,行不忍人之政」,及「漫漫治療路,你我同行」等三項主題。
最後,根據研究結果對讀者、心理治療實務工作、心理師養成教育及未來研究方向提出相關建議。
  Suffering is an essential course experienced by everybody, psychotherapists are no exception. The purpose of this study was focused on suffering life experiences of psychotherapists. I explored the contents of their suffering life experiences, how the psychotherapists understood and constructed meanings of the experiences, the potential transformation of the experiences and how psychotherapists use their learning from these experiences in their clinical work.
Narrative analysis indicated that psychotherapists interviewed in this study identified a number of suffering life events including what they wanted, losing what they loved, and encountering what they disliked. They got meaning of the suffering life experiences by defining the experiences as:” bearing and acceptance”, “commitment and expectation” and “insistence and believing”. Transformations indentified by the participants included: “it’s all up to me”, “following conditions (sui-yuan) while remaining unchanged (bu-bian) , remaining unchanged while following conditions.” and “ went through suffering and rejoice over life again.”
Results of this study also showed that after suffering life experiences, psychotherapists had more compassion toward their clients, with a commiserating mind was practiced a commiserating practice, and as a patient companion during the long process of psychotherapy.
謝詞 i
中文摘要 iii
英文摘要 v
目錄 vii
表次 ix
圖次 x

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的及問題 10
第三節 名詞解釋 11
第四節 本研究的重要性 13
第二章 文獻探討 15
第一節 受苦的意義 15
第二節 心理師的受苦生命經驗 24
第三節 受苦生命經驗的轉化 30
第四節 生命經驗的敘說 39
第三章 研究方法 49
第一節 敘說研究 49
第二節 研究參與者 52
第三節 研究者的立場與角色 54
第四節 資料蒐集過程 59
第五節 資料分析 61
第六節 研究的嚴謹度 65
第七節 研究倫理 67
第四章 研究結果 71
第一節 重新掌握幸福之鑰的艾莙 71
第二節 享受生命中的冒險的回也 110
第三節 出發航向自由心海的理維 152
第五章 綜合分析與討論 189
第一節 心理師的受苦生命經驗內容之綜合分析與討論 191
第二節 心理師經歷受苦生命經驗時獲得意義的方式之綜合分析與討
論 201
第三節 心理師經歷受苦生命經驗後的轉化之綜合分析與討論 209
第四節 心理師的受苦生命經驗轉化在治療實務工作上的應用之綜合分析與討論 217
第五節 研究者的反思 226
第六章 結論與建論 241
第一節 結論 241
第二節 建議 251
參考文獻 257
中文部分 257
英文部分 263
附錄 277
附錄一 研究受訪同意書 277
附錄二 訪談大綱 278
附錄三 研究者與受訪者的部分對話逐字稿內容 279
附錄四 艾莙的回饋 281
附錄五 回也的回饋 282
附錄六 理維的回饋 283
附錄七 Landscape With the Fall of Icarus(伊卡魯斯墜海時的風景) 284
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