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研究生:林立山
研究生(外文):Li-shan Lin
論文名稱:氧協同多重菸鹼酸鉻複合物與U!behi能量嚼錠對有氧及無氧運動表現的影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of oxygen-coordinated niacin-bound chromium and U!behi Energy- chewing pill supplement on aerobic and anaerobic performance
指導教授:王鶴森王鶴森引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Ho-Seng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:體育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:最大攝氧量衰竭時間最大動力輸出
外文關鍵詞:VO2maxtime to exhaustionpeak power
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摘要
目的:探討氧協同多重菸鹼酸鉻複合物 (NBC) 及U!behi能量嚼錠 (UBE) 增補對有氧及無氧運動表現的影響。方法:受試者為12名體育科系男性學生,分別接受三次最大有氧運動能力(原地跑步機,Bruce protocol)及最大無氧運動能力測驗(原地腳踏車之Wingate無氧動力測驗)。每次測驗前15分鐘以雙盲方式,分別給予不同之增補膠囊(NBC、UBE或安慰劑;劑量均為200μg)。實驗參數包含有氧運動表現(最大攝氧量、衰竭時間、運動後過攝氧量)及無氧運動表現(平均動力輸出、最大動力輸出、達到最大動力輸出時間、疲勞遞減率)等參數。結果:在有氧運動表現方面,受試者增補NBC及UBE後之最大攝氧量 (NBC:53.3 ± 4.9 ml/kg/min, UBE:53.5 ± 4.86 ml/kg/min) 及衰竭時間(NBC:14.73 ± 1.02 min, UBE:14.93 ± 1.05 min),皆顯著高於增補安慰劑 (50.7 ± 4.7 ml/kg/min, 14.4 ± 1.01 min ; p<.05) ,且增補UBE後之衰竭時間又顯著高於增補NBC。在無氧運動表現方面,受試者增補NBC及UBE後之最大動力輸出 (NBC:970.6 ± 76.9 W, UBE:993.8 ± 134.4 W) ,皆顯著高於增補安慰劑 (887.3 ± 81.6 W; p<.05) 。結論:NBC與UBE增補均能有效改善有氧運動及無氧運動之表現。若單就運動衰竭時間而言,由於UBE內含NBC及碳水化合物等其他成份,所以增補UBE更具有加成之效果。
關鍵詞:最大攝氧量、衰竭時間、最大動力輸出
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of oxygen-coordinated niacin-bound chromium (NBC) and U!behi Energy-chewing pill (UBE) supplement on aerobic and anaerobic performance. Methods: Twelve physical education male students performed a baseline graded treadmill test (Bruce protocol) and Wingate test for three times. All subjects took different capsules (NBC, UBE or placebo) before aerobic performance test for 15 minutes under double-blind controlled. We measured aerobic performance parameter (VO2max, time to exhaustion, EPOC, lactate, and glucose) and anaerobic performance parameter (mean power, peak power, time to peak power, fatigue index, lactate, and glucose). Results: After NBC and UBE supplement, participants were significantly increased in VO2max (NBC:53.3 ± 4.9 ml/kg/min, UBE:53.5 ± 4.86 ml/kg/min) and time to exhaustion (NBC: 14.73 ± 1.02 min, UBE:14.93 ± 1.05 min) than placebo supplement (50.7 ± 4.7 ml/kg/min, 14.4 ± 1.01 min ; p<.05), in addition, after UBE supplement, the time to exhaustion of participants were significantly increased than NBC supplement. With regard to the anaerobic performance, the peak power was significantly increased after NBC and UBE supplement (NBC:970.6 ± 76.9 W, UBE:993.8 ± 134.4 W) than placebo supplement (887.3 ± 81.6 W; p<.05). Conclusions: Both NBC and UBE supplement improved aerobic and anaerobic performance. As for time to exhaustion, UBE contains NBC, carbohydrate and other components, so UBE had higher efficiency on time to exhaustion.
Key words: VO2max, time to exhaustion, peak power
【目次】
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………i
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………ii
謝 誌……………………………………………………………… iii
目 次……………………………………………………………...iv
表 次……………………………………………………………….vi
圖 次……………………………………………………………….vii
第壹章、緒論…………………………………………………………01
一、問題背景……………………………………………………………01
二、研究目的……………………………………………………………04
三、研究假設……………………………………………………………04
四、名詞操作性定義……………………………………………………05
第貳章、文獻探討……………………………………………………06
一、NBC簡介………………………………………………………06
二、鉻增補對身體組成的影響…………………………………08
三、鉻增補對運動表現的影響………………………………12
四、本章總結……………………………………………………………16
第參章、方法與步驟……………………………………………… 18
一、受試者…………………………………………………………18
二、實驗時間……………………………………………………………19
三、實驗地點……………………………………………………………19
四、實驗方法與步驟……………………………………………………19
五、資料處理……………………………………………………………27
第肆章、結果........................................29
一、受試者基本資料……………………………………………………29
二、最大有氧運動能力測驗參數………………………………………29
三、最大無氧運動能力測驗參數………………………………………31
四、乳酸濃度...……………………………………………………35
五、血糖濃度...……………………………………………………36
第伍章、討論………………………………………………………39
一、NBC及UBE對有氧運動表現的影響……………………………39
二、NBC及UBE對無氧運動表現的影響……………………………42
三、結論與建議………………………………………………………45
引用文獻…………………………………………………………………47
附錄一 受試者須知與同意書…………………………………………52
附錄二 身體活動問卷調查表…………………………………………55
附錄三 不同增補條件對最大攝氧量影響之變異數分析摘要表……56
附錄四 不同增補條件對衰竭時間影響之變異數分析摘要表………56
附錄五 不同增補條件對運動後過攝氧量影響之變異數分析摘要表…57
附錄六 不同增補條件對平均動力輸出影響之變異數分析摘要表…57
附錄七 不同增補條件對最大動力輸出影響之變異數分析摘要表…58
附錄七 不同增補條件對最小動力輸出影響之變異數分析摘要表…58
附錄九 不同增補條件對到達最大動力輸出時間影響之變異數分析摘要表…59
附錄十 不同增補條件對疲勞遞減率影響之變異數分析摘要表…59
附錄十一 不同增補條件與採血時間之乳酸濃度變異數分析摘要表…60
附錄十二 不同增補條件與採血時間之血糖濃度變異數分析摘要表表 ...60
表 次
表1 長期鉻增補對身體組成的影響…………………………………11
表2 長期鉻增補對運動表現的影響…………………………………13
表3 U!behi能量嚼錠營養標示及成份………………………21
表4 不同增補條件之乳酸濃度…………………………………35
表5 不同增補條件之血糖濃度…………………………………37
圖 次
圖1 實驗流程圖………………………………………………………22
圖2 運動測驗流程圖…………………………………………………23
圖3 受試者之一接受有氧運動測驗之情形………………………24
圖4 受試者之一接受無氧運動測驗之情形…………………………26
圖5 受試者在不同增補條件之最大攝氧量………………………30
圖6 受試者在不同增補條件之衰竭時間…………………………31
圖7受試者增補不同增補劑後之平均動力輸出……………………32
圖8受試者增補不同增補劑後之最大動力輸出……………………33
圖9受試者增補不同增補劑後之疲勞遞減率…………………34
圖10不同採血點之乳酸濃度………………………………………36
圖11不同採血點之血糖濃度………………………………………38
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