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研究生:唐孟筠
研究生(外文):Meng-Yun Tang
論文名稱:不同棲地環境對鯙科魚類視覺特徵影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):The visual characteristics of moray eels (Muraenidae) in different habitats
指導教授:嚴宏洋嚴宏洋引用關係陳鴻鳴陳鴻鳴引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hong-Young YanHong-Ming Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:水產養殖學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:38
中文關鍵詞:鯙科顯微分光光譜儀最大吸收光波長視覺特徵
外文關鍵詞:Muraenidaemicrospectrophotometer (MSP)λmaxvisual characteristics
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本研究主要在探討不同種類之鯙科魚類的視網膜構造與視覺生理是否會因面臨不同棲所之光環境的天擇壓力而演化出特定的適應。實驗選擇四種棲息於不同棲地光環境的鯙科魚類,探討其視覺生物學特徵的差異,包括:黑身管鼻鯙(深度:< 57 米;棲息地:礁岩區)、黑斑裸胸鯙(深度:< 45米;棲息地:珊瑚礁)、疏條紋裸胸鯙(深度:< 200米;棲息地:砂礫底)和長鯙(深度:< 300米;棲息地:砂泥底)。以顯微分光光譜儀(MSP)測量四種鯙科魚類的感光細胞之最大吸收光波長(λmax),發現其視覺光譜有適應不同深度或不同水域之棲地光環境的特性。視網膜形態特徵顯示,鯙科魚類的視網膜是由桿狀細胞及單錐細胞鑲嵌組成。視網膜組織學在構造上的種間差異,則顯示並非所有的鯙科魚類都是以往所認為的夜行性魚類。
The goal of this study was to investigate how the visual systems of different moray eels evolved to cope with the selection pressure imposed on them by the different photic environments where they reside. Four moray eel species inhabited diverse habitats were selected to examine and compare their visual characteristics, including: Rhinomuraena quaesita (depth: < 57 m; habitat: reef-associated), Gymnothorax favagineus (depth: < 45 m; habitat: coral reef), G. reticularis (depth: < 200 m; habitat: sandy gravel bottom) and Strophidon sathete (depth: < 300 m; habitat: muddy ocean bottoms). The maximal absorbance values (λmax) examined by the use of microspectrophotometer (MSP) showed a close correlation between the absorption spectra and the characteristics of the light environment of a specific species where it lives. The histological studies on the morphological characteristics of moray eels’ retina revealed a duplex retina composition which is embedded with rod and single cone cells. The retinal structure data also revealed that not all moral eels should be regarded as nocturnal species as previously thought.
Acknowledgements ....................................................................................i
Chinese abstract .........................................................................................ii
English abstract ........................................................................................iii
Contents ....................................................................................................iv
List of tables .............................................................................................vi
List of figures ..........................................................................................vii
1. Introduction
1.1 The spectral quality of light underwater …......................................1
1.2 Morphological features of fish’s eyes .............................................1
1.3 Visual adaptation to different habitats .............................................2
1.4 Previous studies on vision of anguilliform eels ...............................4
1.5 The objectives of this study .............................................................5
2. Materials and Methods
2.1 Samples collection ...........................................................................7
2.2 Histology and samples preparation ..................................................7
2.3 Microspectrophotometry (MSP) ......................................................9
3. Results
3.1 Visual spectra of the moray eels
3.1.1 λmax measurements of rod cells ...................................................11
3.1.2 λmax measurements of single cone cells ......................................11
3.2 Histology of retina
3.2.1 Retinal morphology ....................................................................12
3.2.2 Cone cell density of retina ..........................................................13
4. Discussion
4.1 The spectral shifts of photoreceptors resulted from adapting to the photic conditions of different depths or water types .......................15
4.2 Moray eels in this study were all colour blinded ...............................17
4.3 Retinal morphology of moray eels exhibited conspicuous features between diurnal and nocturnal species ............................................18
4.4 Cone cells density of retina showed differences among studied species ..............................................................................................19
5. Conclusion ..........................................................................................21
References ...............................................................................................22


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