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研究生:莊世昌
研究生(外文):Shih-Chang Chuang
論文名稱:長額蝦科紅蝦屬之分子系統分類研究
論文名稱(外文):Molecular Systematics of the Caridean Shrimp Genus Plesionika Bate, 1888 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Family Pandalidae)
指導教授:陳天任陳天任引用關係陳義雄陳義雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tan-Yam ChanI-Shiung Chen
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:106
中文關鍵詞:長額蝦科紅蝦屬分子系統分類學
外文關鍵詞:PandalidaePlesionikaMolecularSystematics
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長額蝦科紅蝦屬(Family Pandalidae: Plesionika Bate, 1888)蝦類的屬內歧異度很高,學者對於如何看待不同屬間的種類具有相似特徵,或是否將其視為單一大屬,或是另外拆成幾個屬別等,有不同意見。
本研究利用分子生物學的方式以粒線體的CO1與16S rRNA、12S rRNA的片段序列,並以最大似然法與貝葉氏分析法所得結果,來探討紅蝦屬內與屬間的系統分類問題。研究結果建議的分類變動如下:1. 冠額紅蝦群P. rostricrescentis group應移出紅蝦屬,並恢復原先獨立的Nothocaris屬,同時亦將P. exiguus、P. grahami、P. unidens等左右第二步足不等長的種類移出Plesionika屬;2. Pandalus屬與Pandlopsis屬為併系群,並與Nothocaris屬關係較近;3. 滑殼紅蝦 P. laevies group應移出Plesionika屬,並併入Heterocarpus屬,同時P. bifurca亦等同處理,主要的共衍徵為頭胸甲上緣僅具大型不可動齒,並分布超過1/2處;4. 本研究不支持Parapandalus屬獨立,即獨角紅蝦群P. narval group仍應併入Plesionika屬討論,此種群與長足紅蝦群P. martia group關係相近;5. 本研究不支持Calipandalus屬獨立為新屬,應併回Plesionika屬討論,Calipandalus elachys並與P. fimbriata關係相近;6. Stylopandalus屬的外觀雖與Plesionika屬相似,但其遺傳距離與長額蝦科的所有成員都差很大,建議移出長額蝦科而另立新科;7. 一種產於台灣的P. aff. nesis與一種產於新喀里多尼亞的P. aff. albocrista皆應獨立為新種。

Shrimps of Genus Plesionika Bate, 1888 constitute a diverse group of Pandalidae. People have different suggestion on intermediate characters, and how to treat Plesionika shrimps as a single, big genus, or several different genera. In this studying, the phylogeny of Plesionika shrimps were investigated using mt-DNA sequences data, include CO1, 16S rRNA and 12S rRNA. In conclusion, we provided some suggestion as follow: 1. P. rostricrescentis group should move out of Genus Plesionika, and resume to Genus Nothocaris. The shrimps with different 2nd pereopods, ex: P. exiguus, P. grahami, P. unidens etc, should also move out from Plesionika, but not always belong to Nothocaris. 2. Pandalus and Pandalopsis presented as a paraphyletic group, and close to Nothocaris. 3. P. laevis group should move out from Plesionika, and belong to Heterocarpus, upper rostral teeth extend to 1/2 carapace length will be an important autapomorphy in this group. 4. We not suggested Calipandalus as an independent genus, it also close to P. fimbriata. 5. We also not suggested Parapandalus as an independent genus. 6. Stylopandalus should move out from Family Pandalidae to set up a new family. 7. The P. aff. nesis found in Taiwan and P. aff. albocrista found in New Caledonia were supposed to publish as new species.
壹、前言…………………………………………...1
一、分子系統分類學的發展….………………………………1
二、粒線體與系統分類研究…………………………………3
三、長額蝦科紅蝦屬的系統分類….………………………...11
四、台灣產紅蝦屬之分類研究……………………….…......14
貳、研究目的……………………………………..18
參、材料與方法…………………………………...20
一、標本採集與DNA製備…………………………………20
二、DNA片段增幅(PCR)與定序……………………………21
三、DNA序列分析………………………………………….23
四、親緣演化分析(Phylogenetic analysis)………………….24
肆、結果………………………………………….29
一、DNA序列特性……………………..……………………29
二、演化樹型分析……………………………………………31
三、各主要分支之分析……………………………………...32
伍、討論…….…………………………………….39
一、分子系統分類學…………………………………………39
二、主要的屬別特徵…………………………………………61
陸、參考文獻..……………………………………66

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