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研究生:陳詩昌
研究生(外文):Shih-Chang Chen
論文名稱:具手徵選擇性之單壁奈米碳管應用於聚(3-己烷基噻吩)混層異質接面太陽能電池之研究
論文名稱(外文):Application of chirality-selected single walled carbon nanotubes to poly(3-hexylthiophene)-based bulk heterojunction solar cells
指導教授:黃智賢黃智賢引用關係陳貴賢陳貴賢引用關係林麗瓊林麗瓊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jih-Shang HwangKuei-Hsien ChenLi-Chyong Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:光電科學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:單壁奈米碳管聚(3-己烷基噻吩)
外文關鍵詞:SWCNTP3HT
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  • 下載下載:9
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文中成功達成幾項重要成果:其一,我們使用選擇手徵性(6,5)-SWCNT應用於P3HT:PCBM混層太陽能電池,成功達成最高達5.25%的轉換效率(平均值3.47%)。其二、我們首次完成選擇性手徵性(6,5)-SWCNT與P3HT之混層太陽能電池,製程穩定可在SWCNT濃度僅0.034%時達0.006%效率;我們並發現可以過濾方式避免元件短路問題。最後,我們以實驗證明超音波對SWCNT分散於P3HT的影響: 分散良好的P3HT:SWCNT混層,有助於激子在有限壽命或遷移長度下到達接面,幫助載子分離。


In this thesis, several important results were achieved. First, semiconducting SWCNTs with (6,5) chirality were added into the active layer of P3HT:PCBM bulk-heterojunction solar cells, with a maximum conversion efficiency of 5.25% (3.47% in average) attained. Then, the (6,5)-SWCNTs were blended with P3HT (no PCBM used) for bulk hetero-junction solar cells. P3HT:(6,5)-SWCNT solar cells with a stable photovoltaic behavior, resulting in a conversion efficiency of 0.006% at only 0.034% concentration of (6,5)-SWCNT, was realized. It was found that SWCNTs, if filtered, with shorter lengths, would help preventing shorts in solar cell fabrication. Finally, we proved that suitable supersonic dispersion did help formation of a photovoltic P3HT:(6,5)-SWCNT solar cell, as the photo induced excitons could have better chance arriving the p-n junctions for charge seperations in case the SWCNTs were well-dispered.
摘要...... IV
Abstract V
目錄...... VII
圖目錄... X
表目錄.. XIII
第一章 導論 1
第二章 原理與材料 5
2-1有機太陽能電池工作原理 5
2-1-1基本工作原理 5
2-1-2光電流產生、傳遞和收集 7
2-1-3載子傳輸現象 9
2-1-4太陽能電池之光電轉換效率 10
2-1-5太陽能電池之等效電路 11
2-1-6太陽能電池之量子效率 14
2-2 奈米碳管製程與特性 15
2-2-1 奈米碳管製程 17
2-2-2 奈米碳管之晶格結構 17
2-3 有機高分子聚合物 22
2-4 異質接面 24
2-5 電極材料的選用 25
第三章 實驗步驟與儀器設備 26
3-1 實驗步驟 27
3-1-1 溶劑製備 29
3-1-2 元件製備 29
3-1-3 光學量測 29
3-2製程設備 31
3-2-1 超音波震盪器 31
3-2-2 觸控式超音波細胞破碎機 32
3-2-3 蒸鍍系統 33
3-2-4手套箱 34
3-2-5 塗佈旋轉機 35
3-2-6 點膠機與UV膠 36
3-2-7 UV燈 37
3-3分析儀器 38
3-3-1 UV/VIS/NIR分光光譜儀 38
3-3-2光激發螢光光譜儀 41
第四章 結果與討論 44
4.1手徵性(6,5)- SWCNT應用於改進P3HT:PCBM混層異質光伏元件傳導特性之研究 44
4-1-1 標準元件--P3HT:PCBM 濃度比例最佳化 45
4-1-2 (6,5)-SWCN摻雜對P3HT:PCBM太陽能電池的影響 48
4-2單純P3HT:(6,5)-SWCNT太陽能電池的特性 54
4-2-1 SWCNT:P3HT的太陽能元件製作困難之處 55
4-2-2 P3HT:SWCNT 元件上的改進 57
4-2-2-1不同超音波功率下的元件表現 58
4-2-2-2改變超音波時間下的元件表現 59
4-2-2-3不同SWCNT長度下元件的表現 62
4-3光學特性量測 66
4-3-1 UV-VIS分光光譜儀和光激發螢光光譜儀分析 66
4-3-2 Time-resolved光激發螢光光譜量測 69
第五章 結論 74
參考文獻 87

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