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研究生:溫美幸
研究生(外文):Mei-Hsing Wen
論文名稱:英語創意寫作整合互動式電子白板教學對五年級學生的英文寫作成效研究
論文名稱(外文):The effects of integrating the Interactive Whiteboard into creative English writing on the 5th graders' English writing proficiency
指導教授:陳錦芬陳錦芬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Fen Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北教育大學
系所名稱:兒童英語教育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:英文
論文頁數:122
中文關鍵詞:互動式電子白板英語創意寫作
外文關鍵詞:Interactive Whiteboardcreative English writing
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本研究以基隆市某國小二十九名五年級學生為研究對象,利用英語創意寫作整合互動式電子白板教學,進行每週一節、為期十六週的寫作教學活動,藉以探究該教學對英語寫作能力的成效。研究設計利用前測與後測,蒐集研究對象的英語寫作,透過CHILDS進行資料編碼與分析,探討英語寫作能力的進步情形,其中又以字彙的運用、平均句長以及語法概念三項做為評斷指標。實驗教學結束後,並進行回饋問卷調查,以蒐集研究對象對於該寫作教學模式之反應與觀感,進行量化資料分析。
研究結果顯示,英語創意寫作整合互動式電子白板教學不但提升研究對象的英語寫作能力,且對於激發學習興趣、強化學習動機、與培養學習者的自信,皆有顯著的幫助。以提升英語寫作能力的成效而言,研究對象對於字彙的運用與語法概念均有顯著進步;惟受限於初階學習經驗多為簡短的句型,研究對象寫作的平均句長並無顯著進步。另外,經問卷調查結果顯示,大多數研究對象對於該寫作教學模式反應熱烈,互動式電子白板操作模式的特異性、立即回饋的互動性、以及運用網路資源的便利性,不但易於凝聚學習者的注意力,也讓學習過程更具趣味與吸引力、寫作內容更豐富有創意,對英語寫作的成效有極大的影響力。
The research aimed to explore the effects of integrating the Interactive Whiteboard into creative English writing on the 5th graders’ English writing proficiency. 29 fifth-graders from a Keelung public school participated in the research for 16 weeks. Data were collected through pre- and post- writing tests and a reflection questionnaire, which were analyzed by CHILDS and descriptive statistical analysis. The research results indicate that creative English Writing via the Interactive Whiteboard has significant positive effects on students’ English writing proficiency. It not only effectively promoted their English vocabulary ability, increased their mean length of sentences, enhanced their concepts of grammatical forms in writing, but also raised their writing motivation and self-confidence. Finally, some suggestions for further studies and related English instruction integrating the Interactive Whiteboard are offered.
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION 1
Background and Motivation 1
Purpose of the Research and Research Questions 6
Significances and Limitations of the Research 7
Term Definitions 8
Creative Writing 8
Interactive Whiteboard 9
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW 11
The Importance of Writing 11
EFL Writing in Elementary School 12
EFL Writing as Extended Curriculum for the High-achievers 13
Two Writing Approaches 14
Process Writing 14
Creative Writing 18
Technology and Language Learning 20
New Technology: Interactive Whiteboard 24
The Interactive Whiteboard in Education 24
Interactive Whiteboard on EFL Learning 27
Summary 28
CHAPTER THREE
METHODOLOGY 29
Research Design 29
Research Structure 29
Independent Variables 30
Teaching materials and instructor. 30
Creative English writing activities. 30
Interactive Whiteboard. 30
Dependent Variables 31
English writing proficiency. 31
Learners’ reaction. 31
Setting and Participants 32
Setting 32
Participants 34
5th-grade students. 34
Instructor . 35
Procedure and Duration 36
Procedure 36
Duration 37
Experimental Instruction 37
Teaching Material 37
Teaching Activities and Timetable 40
Teaching Supplementary Tool: Interactive Whiteboard 42
Features of the Interactive Whiteboard 42
Comparison of the Interactive Whiteboard to some other technologies 43
Interactive Whiteboard as a Teaching Learning Tool 44
Creative Writing Activities 45
Stage 1: Shared writing and drawing 46
Stage 2: Independent writing 47
Stage 3: Conferencing and revising 48
Stage 4: Shared reading 49
Stage 5: On-line publishing 50
Data Collection 51
Pretest and Posttest 51
Questionnaire 51
Data Analysis 52
Child Language Data Exchange System 52
Descriptive Statistical Analysis 56
CHAPTER FOUR
RESULTS 57
Quantitative Data Analysis 57
General Analysis of Pretest 57
Number of Vocabulary 58
Mean Length of Sentences 60
Grammatical Forms 61
Error Analysis. 62
General Analysis of Posttest 64
Number of Vocabulary 64
Mean Length of Sentences 66
Grammatical Forms 67
Error Analysis. 68
Comparison of Pre- and Post- Tests 70
Vocabulary use 71
Mean length of sentences 71
Grammatical Forms 71
Error analysis. 73
Questionnaire Analysis 76
Preference 77
Self-confidence 79
Self-evaluation 79
Integration of Interactive Whiteboard 80
CHAPTER FIVE
DISCUSSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 85
Discussions 85
Impacts of CEW with IWB on Students’ English Writing Proficiency 85
Students’ writing proficiency and creativity are significantly promoted. 85
Students experienced the process toward perfect writing. 87
Students’ Response to CEW with IWB 88
CEW with IWB enhances students’ interest, motivation and confidence. 88
CEW with IWB facilitates learning and enriches writing contents. 89
Suggestions 90
For Instruction 90
For Advanced Studies 91
Significances and Limitations 92
References 95
Appendix A 107
Appendix B 108
Appendix C 109
Appendix D 110
Appendix E 111
Appendix F 112
Appendix G 113
Appendix H 115
Appendix I 120

List of Tables
Table 3-1 Comparison of English Performance among Classes 35
Table 3-2 Time Table of the Research 37
Table 3-3 Content of the Textbook 39
Table 3-4 Teaching Activities & Timetable 41
Table 3-5 Coding Table for Well-formed Sentences 53
Table 3-6 Coding Table for Ill-formed Sentences 54
Table 4-1 Summary Statistics of Vocabulary in Pretest Writings 59
Table 4-2 Descriptive Data of the 29 Pretest Writings 60
Table 4-3 Sentence Structures of 29 Pieces of Pretest Writings 62
Table 4-4 Error Analysis in Pretest Writings 63
Table 4-5 Summary Statistics of Vocabulary in Posttest Writings 65
Table 4-6 Descriptive Data of the 29 Posttest Writings 66
Table 4-7 Sentence Structures of 29 Pieces of Posttest Writings 67
Table 4-8 Error Analysis in Posttest Writings 69
Table 4-9 Comparison between Pre- & Post-test Writings 70
Table 4-10 Comparison between Pre- & Post-test Writings 72
Table 4-11 Comparison between the Errors in Pre- & Post-test Writings 74
Table 4-12 Descriptive Statistics of Questionnaire Analysis 77
Table 4-13 Descriptive Statistics of Question 1, 6, 9, 10 & 12 78
Table 4-14 Descriptive Statistics of Question 2, 4, 8 & 11 79
Table 4-15 Descriptive Statistics of Question 3, 5 & 7 80
Table 4-16 Descriptive Analysis of Interactive Whiteboard’s Impacts on Creative English Writing Activity 81
Table 4-17 Descriptive Analysis of Interactive Whiteboard’s Advantages 82


List of Figures
Figure 3-1 Research Structure 29
Figure 3-2 Setting of Conference Room 33
Figure 3-3 Research Procedure 36
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