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研究生:詹慶恩
研究生(外文):CHAN, CHING-EN
論文名稱:台灣地區戶長特性與婚姻配對現象
論文名稱(外文):The Characteristics and Assortative Mating of Householders in Taiwan
指導教授:薛承泰薛承泰引用關係
指導教授(外文):HSUEH, CHERNG-TAY
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:社會學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:戶長教育同質婚學科領域
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  社會中的人們傾向和自己類似之他人互動,而婚姻是許多學者觀察此同質互動的社會關係之一,教育同質婚更是婚姻配對研究中相當重要的一環,然而因著教育分類方式、樣本以及統計方法上的差異,對於其演變趨勢並沒有一個明確的定論。相較於國外,台灣的教育婚配研究相對有限,而高等教育擴張與未婚率的上升對於整體婚配分佈的影響,在過去的研究中曾有著墨,但亦值得我們在這次的討論中繼續延伸。

  本文使用1990、1995、2000、2005四年的主計處人力資源調查暨人力運用調查,選擇戶長(與其配偶)作為分析對象,並在教育學歷之外,加上學科領域共同作為教育婚配同質與否的指標。研究結果顯示台灣地區戶長隨著時間而有「女性化」、「中高齡化」、「高教化」與「非有偶化」四個趨勢。至於教育婚配趨勢上,本文發現過去使用有偶人口作為分析樣本,容易忽略了其所佔比例越來越低之現象,特別是原先學歷及學科均相異的夫妻流失最為明顯。在學科領域的效應上,本文發現學科確實有助於強化教育同質在婚姻配對議題上的解釋力。在以性別、教育程度與學科領域進行的分組觀察中,本文發現「夫妻具相同學科背景」,對於戶長夫妻原先的教育學歷同質趨勢,幾乎都有加強的效果。

  最後透過二元邏輯迴歸分析,本文發現影響夫妻「是否學歷同質」與「是否學科同質」的因素相當一致。在其他變項維持不變的情況下,男性(相較於女性)戶長、高年齡、戶長年紀較配偶高,均有較大的可能形成學歷異質的婚配,而戶長具大學以上學歷者,則比專科學歷者更容易擁有同教育程度的配偶。
This study examined the demographic characteristics and marriage pattern of householders using 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005 Manpower Utilization Survey in Taiwan. The results showed that the percentages of female, aged, high-educated and unmarried people in householders were increased. In addition, using "coupled" samples in homogamy research may underestimate the outflow of couples that have different levels of education and different majors. Finally, this paper found that people are easy to marry each other with the same major, whether they have the same level of education or not.
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 婚姻的形成 4
(一)婚姻的選擇:理性選擇觀點與社會階層觀點 4
(二)婚姻的機會:女性就業與教育擴張 8
第二節 同質婚姻配對 12
(一)種族與婚姻配對 12
(二)宗教與婚姻配對 14
(三)教育與婚姻配對 16
第三節 台灣的婚姻現象 23
(一)台灣的婚姻組成 23
(二)台灣的教育婚姻配對現象 25
第四節 從教育程度到學科領域 31
(一)學科與職業、收入的連結 31
(二)學科與文化價值的連結 31
(三)學科與網絡的連結 32
第三章 資料來源、研究方法與研究問題 34
第一節 資料來源 35
第二節 研究問題 42
第四章 研究結果:描述性統計 45
第一節 台灣地區戶長特性組成變遷 45
第二節 台灣地區戶長教育婚配型態變遷 52
第三節 小結 64
第五章 高教有偶戶長之教育婚配趨勢分析 67
第一節 高教有偶戶長之次數分配 67
第二節 二元邏輯迴歸分析 71
(一)高教有偶戶長的學歷同質趨勢 71
(二)高教有偶戶長的學科同質趨勢 75
(三)不同年度之間的學歷同質與學科同質趨勢 79
第三節 小結 82
第六章 結論與討論 83
第七章 參考文獻 86
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