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研究生:陳嬿珊
研究生(外文):Yan-Shan Chen
論文名稱:三(4-(雙苯胺基)-直線型多聯苯基)-甲醇之合成,UV吸收及電化學特性之研究
論文名稱(外文):Synthesis and Characteristics of UV absorption andElectrochemistry Based on tris(4-(diphenylamino)phenyl)methanol
指導教授:梁文傑梁文傑引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:化學研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:110
中文關鍵詞:三(4-(雙苯胺基)-直線型多&三(4-(雙苯胺基)-直線型多&三(4-(雙苯胺基)-直線型多&三(4-(雙苯胺基)-直線型多&
外文關鍵詞:tris(4-(diphenylamino)phenyl)methanolelectrochromism
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我們利用了Miyaura-Suzuki coupling 與Büchwald-Hartwig C-N coupling等方法合成出一系列多苯環芳香胺基系列化合物F1~F6,測量這些化合物的電化學、紫外光吸收、光譜電化學等測量,並進行電聚膜的製備。結果顯示當橋接苯環的個數增加時,其共軛長度增加,吸收光譜紅移。且三苯胺的作用會影響OH基團的解離程度,但不影響解離後的吸收波長。化合物F1~F4可於ITO表面形成電聚合薄膜。
綜合以上電化學和光物理性質測量,選擇條件較為適合的F2電聚膜,於不同電位下進行吸收光譜之測量,可以觀察膜顏色變化隨著電位增加而變化。化合物F2電聚膜吸收波長為500 nm時,其著色時間為1.9秒,褪色時間為2.8秒,此著色效率(coloration efficiency) η (500 nm) 為 74.34 cm2C-1。其吸收波長為750 nm時,著色時間為6.4秒,褪色時間為3.7秒,著色效率(coloration efficiency) η(750 nm)為 39 cm2C-1。


We synthesized a series of Polycyclic aromatic amine-based compounds F1~F6 through Suzuki-Miyaura coupling and Büchwald-Hartwig C-N coupling. We measured their physical properties including electrochemical properties, UV absorption and Spectroelectrochemical characterization; meanwhile, we fabricated their films by electropolymerization. We observed bathochromic shift in the UV absorption spectrum as the conjugation length extended with increasing number of bridge molecule. The influence of triphenylamine is on the extent of ionization of OH group instead of on the absorption wavelength after ionization. We fabricated films of compound F1~F4 on the surface of ITO conducting glasses by electropolymerization.
After summarized the electrochemical and photophysical properties, we chosed the film of F2 by chemical polymerization to proceed the absorption spectrum measurement under different potential, it turned out that different film color can be observed. The film F2 requried 1.9 s for coloration at 500 nm and 2.8 s for bleaching. The coloring efficiency η (500 nm) = 74.34 cm2C-1. The film F2 requried 6.4 s for coloration at 750 nm and 3.7 s for bleaching. The coloring efficiency η (750 nm) = 39 cm2C-1.


目錄
摘要................................................................................................................................... I
ABSTRACT ..................................................................................................................... II
目錄................................................................................................................................ III
圖目錄.............................................................................................................................. V
表目錄............................................................................................................................. IX
第一章 緒論..................................................................................................................... 1
1-1 CHROMISM 簡介 .................................................................................................... 1
1-2 物質發色原理 ........................................................................................................ 2
1-3 電致變色簡介 ........................................................................................................ 3
1-4 電致變色材料的分類 ............................................................................................ 3
1-5 電致變色的元件結構 ............................................................................................ 6
1-6 電致變色元件之應用 ............................................................................................ 7
1-7 酸致變色簡介 ........................................................................................................ 9
1-8 實驗動機與分子設計 .......................................................................................... 12
1-9 利用電化學方法聚成高分子膜 .......................................................................... 15
第二章 實驗結果與討論............................................................................................... 19
2-1 F1、F2、F3 合成策略與合成步驟 .................................................................... 19
2-2 F1、F2、F3 電化學性質之探討 ......................................................................... 25
2-3 F1、F2、F3 光化學性質之探討 ......................................................................... 34
2-4 化合物F5、F6 之合成 ....................................................................................... 39
2-5 化合物F5、F6 光化學之測量 ............................................................................ 40
2-6 F1、F2、F3、F4 之光譜電化學測量 ................................................................ 43
IV
2-7 F1、F2、F3 熱性質分析(TGA) .................................................................... 49
2-8 電化學薄膜之測量 .............................................................................................. 50
2-9 化合物F2-ITO 之電致變色研究電致變色膜製備 ............................................ 55
第三章 結論................................................................................................................... 59
第四章 實驗部分........................................................................................................... 60
4-1 實驗儀器 .............................................................................................................. 60
4-2 試劑及溶劑 .......................................................................................................... 61
4-3 合成步驟 .............................................................................................................. 62
第五章 參考文獻........................................................................................................... 77
附錄................................................................................................................................ 79

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