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研究生:梁詠嘉
研究生(外文):Yung-Chia Liang
論文名稱:由皮革工廠汙染事件檢視溝皂的規範變遷
論文名稱(外文):Rural Industrialization and Weakening Norms in Kou-Tzao Villiage
指導教授:陳玉華陳玉華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Hua Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業經濟及推廣學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:鄉村社區規範社區治理汙染事件
外文關鍵詞:rural communitynormscommunity governanceenvironmental pollution
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本論文以規範變遷的角度去探討鄉村社區的治理與永續發展,主要的討論集中社區規範如何在空間利用與產業發展上(不)發揮作用,並透過分析觀察以及訪談得來的資料釐清規範變遷的背景、情形與影響。
戰後以來,溝皂的經濟型態越來越走向理性化,經濟決策越來越被視為個體的行為選擇,而社區的框架在交通與通訊的發展的情況下漸漸模糊,內部成員的歧異與不均質也使得規範內容缺乏共識,而缺乏有效的社區規範將使社區意識與社會資本難以累積。
簡單來說,溝皂有關空間與產業的規範在形式與內容上有三項主要的變遷:一、規範的原則從在地的風俗習慣走向資源管理與現代生產的邏輯;二、國家角色與正式法令的重要性提升;三、規範的形塑方式從生活習得變成需要有意識地大量溝通成本來建構。筆者於2009年7月開始進入田野地---溝皂,當時溝皂正在發生皮革工廠汙染事件,事件的處理過程諸如里民大會、公部門與各種非正式的互相影響都不十分順利,溝皂社區環境自救會的出現與失敗更徹底顯示出既有社區規範的不足與重新建構的可能性。
最後,在本論文的結論部分指出鄉村社區必須發展其治理能力,產業利益與成員福祉能被全面地評估討論並形成運作的規範原則,才可能持續累積成員的社區意識與社區整體的社會資本,有助於鄉村社區的永續發展。

目 錄
謝誌............................................................................................................I
中文摘要...................................................................................................II
英文摘要..................................................................................................III
目錄..........................................................................................................IV
第壹章 緒論............................................................................................1
第一節 研究背景............................................................................1
第二節 研究動機與目的................................................................3
第三節 論文章節安排....................................................................4
第貳章 文獻探討....................................................................................5
第一節 鄉村的社會變遷................................................................5
第二節 鄉村社區的規範…............................................................9
第三節 社區意識與社會資本......................................................15
第四節 小結..................................................................................22
第參章 研究設計..................................................................................23
第一節 社區個案研究..................................................................23
第二節 田野地點說明..................................................................25
第三節 研究流程..........................................................................29
第四節 資料的蒐集與分析..........................................................30
第肆章 戰後溝皂的變遷......................................................................34
第一節 產業的變遷......................................................................34
第二節 交通、資訊與價值觀的變遷..........................................41
第三節 社區結構的變遷..............................................................45
第伍章 溝皂規範變遷之探討..............................................................53
第一節 結構變遷的背景..............................................................53
第二節 規範變遷的情形..............................................................60
第陸章 過程-事件分析:皮革工廠汙染事件.....................................63
第一節 個體行為?設廠與經營..................................................64
第二節 逐漸浮現的外部性..........................................................67
第三節 缺乏社區架構的行動:抱怨、自救會與公部門..........71
第四節 事件過程中的關係變化..................................................83
第五節 小結..................................................................................87
第柒章 結論..........................................................................................88
第一節 結果與討論......................................................................88
第二節 未來研究建議..................................................................90
參考文獻..................................................................................................91
附錄........................................................................................................101
附錄一 訪問大綱........................................................................101
附錄二 訪談對象列表................................................................102
附錄三 溝皂歷史年表................................................................103


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