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研究生:張巧惠
研究生(外文):Chiao-Hui Chang
論文名稱:跨國機構在中國之共同研發與專利分析
論文名稱(外文):The study of international collaboration in patenting of multinational organizations in China
指導教授:鄭秀玲鄭秀玲引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:國際企業學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:研發國際化中國科技實力國際合作研發專利
外文關鍵詞:R&D InternationalizationChina’s Science and Technology CapabilityInternational Collaboration in R&DPatent
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本研究利用創新投入、創新產出以及創新環境等國家創新指標衡量中國的科學技術實力,並透過與他國的比較了解中國科學技術發展的優勢與劣勢。其次,本研究採用美國專利商標局(U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, USPTO)的專利資料,分析1997-2007年中國與他國共同研發專利之特性及趨勢。此外,本研究還結合專利與國家總體資料建構迴歸模型,探討他國與中國共同研發合作的影響因素。
本研究實證結果發現,中國的科學創新產出成長驚人。然而,就創新品質與智慧財產權保護方面,中國還有待加強。在國際研發合作部分,中國與他國的共同研發專利數呈逐年增長趨勢,而美國與台灣為中國最主要的研發合作夥伴。這些跨國的創新成果對於中國的專利產出有相當重要的貢獻。然而,中國目前在全球創新網絡中扮演的是支援者的角色,而非主導者。此外,他國與中國先前的研發合作經驗、中國的研發人力供給、中國與他國的相對市場規模對於他國與中國共同研發有正面的影響。 除了介紹中國的科學技術實力與國際合作研發行為,本研究亦提出一些相關政策建議。

This study examines China’s science and technology capability by discussing different innovation indicators, which can be grouped into three categories, i.e. innovation input, innovation output and innovation environment. By assessing these indicators, we evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of China’s current S&T development in comparison with other countries. In this paper, we use patent data from USPTO during 1997-2007 to analyze the patterns and trends of China’s international patenting activity. By linking patent data and other macro-economic variables, we further establish a regression model to explore factors influencing other countries to co-invent with China.
From a quantitative perspective, China’s innovation capability has experienced astounding growth since the 1990s. However, its quality of innovation and intellectual property protection still need to be improved. As to international patenting, we find that there are increasing collaborations in inventive activities between China and other countries. USA and Taiwan are the main collaborative partners with China. These cross-border joint patents make great contribution to China’s patent outputs. However, China currently plays a supporting role rather than a leading role in global innovation network. In addition, our empirical research reveals that countries’ previous experience in R&D co-invention, China’s R&D personnel and Relative GDP have positive effects on joint patenting between China and other countries. Besides introducing China’s S&T capability and international collaboration in R&D, this study also provides some policy implications.

第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究問題與目的 4
1.3研究方法與架構 5
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 中國科學技術實力 7
2.1.1創新投入 9
2.1.2創新產出 14
2.1.3創新環境 21
2.2國際研發合作 25
2.2.1國際研發合作指標 25
2.2.2國際研發合作趨勢 28
第三章 中國和他國共同研發專利資料分析 34
3.1 資料來源與選取方法 34
3.2 中國和他國共同研發專利整體分析 37
3.2.1專利數 37
3.2.2專利領域 38
3.2.3專利發明人與所有權人 41
3.3 中國共同研發專利之國際合作研發對象 43
3.3.1主要合作國家 43
3.3.2專利領域 46
3.4 中國與他國共同研發專利之前三十大專利所有權人分析 48
3.4.1專利所有權人分析 48
3.4.2中國發明人居住城市與研發機構所在地 52
第四章 各國與中國共同研發之影響因素 55
4.1資料定義與資料來源 56
4.2 影響國家合作創新活動之實證結果分析 64
第五章 結論與建議 67
5.1 研究結論 67
5.2 產業政策建議 69
5.3 研究限制與未來研究方向 69
參考文獻 71
附錄 74



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