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研究生:張雅婷
研究生(外文):Ya-Ting Chang
論文名稱:漸縮/漸擴元件應用於壓電式質子交換膜燃料電池之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of Nozzle/Diffuser elements applied in Piezoelectric Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells(PZT-PEMFCs)
指導教授:馬小康馬小康引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiao-Kang Ma
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:機械工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:質子交換膜燃料電池壓電元件雙電池電流密度展弦比開口角度
外文關鍵詞:PEMFCPiezoelectric devicebi-cellCurrent densityAspect ratioopen angle
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由過去之研究得知,將漸縮/漸擴元件應用於質子交換膜燃料電池之陰極端,能解決積水問題,提升燃料電池之性能表現。本文將探討漸縮/漸擴元件在不同展弦比(AR)與開口角度(θ)下對壓電式質子交換膜燃料電池性能之影響。並且以單電池為基礎設計出有類雙極板結構之壓電式質子交換膜燃料電池雙電池組,此設計中電池反應面積為2mm*2mm,兩個電池以陰極對陰極,陽極則分別位於最外兩側之並聯方式連接,兩個電池的陰極端共用一壓電元件以吸入並排出陰極腔體中之流體。實驗結果發現當漸縮/漸擴元件開口角度10°與展弦比5.63時有較好之性能表現,角度太大時,在一個週期內分離流產生時間較長;而展弦比太大時,在漸擴元件中會發生阻塞現象,使得進入陰極腔體的空氣流量減少。研究也顯示此新式漸縮/漸擴壓電式質子交換膜燃料電池雙電池組在開口角度10°與展弦比5.63時能輸出之最大功率密度為0.27W/cm2,且此雙電池組在壓電頻率60Hz時,能有0.84W的淨輸出功。

Previous studies of piezoelectric proton exchange membrane fuel cell with nozzle and diffuser (PZT-PEMFC-ND) have shown that a PZT device could solve flooding problems and improve cell performance. In this study, we discuss the performance of PZT-PEMFC-ND with different nozzle and diffuser geometry design. And a PZT-PEMFC-ND bi-cell with pseudo bipolar electrodes was developed to achieve a higher power output. This new design, with a reaction area of 4cm2, contains two cells with two outside anodes and two inside cathodes that share a common PZT vibrating device for pumping air flow. The experiment results show that a proper open angle of 10° and a proper aspect ratio(AR) of 5.63 could have a better cell performance. A larger open angle value will cause longer time of separation in one period. A larger AR of 11.25 and 16.88 induced a blocking phenomenon inside the diffuser element, and thus less air was sucked into the cathode chamber. This study also concludes that the innovative design of the PZT-PEMFC-ND bi-cell could reach the best performance of 0.27W/cm2 at the condition of AR5.63 and θ=10°. And the bi-cell can have a net power output of 0.84W at 60Hz.

致謝 I
摘要 II
Abstract III
章節目錄 V
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 XI
符號表 X II
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2 燃料電池簡介 2
1.2.1 燃料電池的基本原理 2
1.2.2 燃料電池的分類 2
1.2.3 燃料電池的特性 3
1.2.4 燃料電池反應所需之的氫氣、氧氣量 4
1.2.4 燃料電池的極化曲線 5
1.2.5 燃料電池之效率分析 6
1.3質子交換膜燃料電池(PEMFC) 7
1.4 新型壓電式質子交換膜燃料電池簡介 9
1.4.1 壓電效應與壓電材料 9
1.4.2微型泵(壓電泵)之分類 11
1.4.3漸縮/漸擴微型泵(Nozzle/Diffuser micro-pump) 11
1.4.4新型壓電式質子交換膜燃料電池 12
1.5 文獻回顧 13
1.6 研究目的 20
第二章 漸縮/漸擴元件之理論模式建立 22
2.1理論分析 22
2.1.1壓力損失係數(Pressure loss coefficiency) 22
2.1.2 體積流率 22
2.2 因次分析 27
2.3 數值模擬基本假設 28
2.4 壓電薄膜之理論建立 28
2.5 統御方程式 30
2.5.1 連續方程式 30
2.5.2 動量方程式 30
2.6 數值方法 30
2.6.1 套裝軟體CFD-RC介紹 30
2.6.2 有限體積法 31
2.6.3 SIMPLEC演算法則 32
2.7 物理模型 35
2.8 邊界與初始條件 35
2.8.1 邊界條件設定 35
2.8.2 初始條件設定 35
2.9 收斂標準 36
第三章 實驗設備與方法 37
3.1實驗設備與系統燃料電池測試系統 37
3.1.1燃料電池測試系統 37
3.1.2膜電極組(MEA) 37
3.1.3壓電片 38
3.2燃料電池組設計 38
3.3實驗步驟與方法 38
3.3.1燃料電池組裝與量測I-V curve 38
3.3.2 膜電極組活化 39
3.3.3 量測I-V curve 39
3.4 實驗操作參數 40
3.4.1 不同壓電振動頻率對燃料電池性能影響之實驗 40
3.4.2 操作溫度對燃料電池性能影響之實驗 41
3.4.3 不同漸縮/漸擴元件開口角度對燃料電池性能影響之實驗 41
3.4.4 不同Nozzle/Diffuser展弦比對燃料電池性能影響之實驗 41
3.4.5 雙電池組實驗 41
第四章 結果與討論 43
4.1陰極壓電振動頻率對燃料電池性能之影響 43
4.2操作溫度對燃料電池性能之影響 44
4.3陰極漸縮/漸擴元件幾何形狀對燃料電池性能之影響 44
4.3.1陰極漸縮/漸擴元件開口角度對燃料電池性能之影響 44
4.3.2陰極漸縮/漸擴元件展弦比對燃料電池性能之影響 45
4.4雙電池實驗 47
4.4.1 氫氣加濕溫度50℃之雙電池實驗 47
4.4.2 氫氣加濕溫度30℃之雙電池實驗 48
4.5 壓電式質子交換膜燃料電池之效率分析 50
4.6 壓電式質子交換膜燃料電池之功率轉換分析 50
第五章 結論與建議 52
5.1結論 52
5.2建議 53
參考文獻…. 54


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