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研究生:吳文惠
研究生(外文):Wen-Hui Wu
論文名稱:在仲介代理人收取佣金之模型下,一種公正的服務協商架構
論文名稱(外文):A Fair Architecture for Service Negotiation with Brokerage Commission
指導教授:羅乃維羅乃維引用關係
指導教授(外文):Nai-wei Lo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:資訊管理系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:98
語文別:英文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:自動服務協商軟體代理人電子商務
外文關鍵詞:Automatic Service NegotiationSoftware AgentElectronic Commerce
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近年來,有許多的協商研究專注於如何使用軟體代理人以應用於電子商務協商和網際網路服務協商領域。本篇研究主要是考慮在仲介代理人收取仲介佣金的前提下,瞭解以往學者所提出的協商架構是否仍能達到公平性。在過去的研究文獻中,並沒有學者去探討這個問題。為了解答這個疑問,因此我們進行了模擬實驗。在模擬中,我們使用軟體代理人執行自動化協商中第三方仲介的角色,而模擬所得的結論就是三方協商架構在仲介代理人收取佣金的情形下,存在漏洞。因此,本篇研究從改善協商架構的角度出發,提出兩個新的協商架構以解決仲介代理人蓄意不公平的問題。經由模擬所提出的新的協商架構,我們證實提出的協商架構,可防止仲介代理人在收取佣金的環境下做出不公正的自利行為。同時,為達成雙向協商的模擬的效果,我們也提出一個在FIPA架構下,改良的雙向協商協定,達到參與協商的雙方皆可提出提案(proposal)之目的。
In recent years, a lot of negotiation literatures pay considerable attention on using software agent to electronic commerce negotiation and web service negotiation applications. The specific aim of the thesis is to investigate the fairness of negotiation architectures proposed in previous research works under the consideration of brokerage commission situation. To answer this question, we conduct experiments by using software agents to simulate automatic service negotiation. Based on our simulation results we found that the mediator (broker agent) of third party negotiation architecture under brokerage commission situation presents biased behavior. To resolve this fairness problem, we present two new negotiation architectures in this thesis. Based on simulation results, the proposed architectures can successfully prevent broker’s biased behavior under the introduction of brokerage commission. In the meanwhile, we also introduce a modified two way negotiation protocol under FIPA agent framework to fulfill basic negotiation requirement by supporting proposal invocation and counter proposal invocation to both negotiating parties.
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and motivation 1
1.2 Contribution of the thesis 2
1.3 Thesis organization 3
Chapter 2 Literature review 4
2.1 Negotiation architecture 4
2.2 Automated negotiation system 5
2.3 Negotiation techniques for agent 10
2.4 Negotiation strategy 11
2.4.1 Boulware tactic 12
2.4.2 Conceder tactic 13
2.4.3 Linear tactic 14
2.5 Coordination strategy 15
2.5.1 Desperate strategy 15
2.5.2 Patient strategy 16
2.5.3 Optimized patient strategy 16
Chapter 3 Unfair pitfall under the third party service negotiation architecture 18
3.1 Problem formulation 18
3.2 Simulation design 20
3.2.1 Normal third party architecture 23
3.2.1.1 Patient strategy based on client utility value 24
3.2.1.2 Patient strategy based on the sum of client utility value plus provider utility value 24
3.2.2 Third party architecture with dishonest mediator 25
3.3 Summary of investigation findings 26
Chapter 4 Proposed negotiation architectures 27
4.1 Design of our architectures 27
4.1.1 Dual-mediator architecture 29
4.1.2 Three-mediator architecture 30
4.2 Decision making model 31
4.2.1 Utility function description 31
4.2.2 Negotiation proposal making 33
4.3 Two-way iterated contract net interaction protocol 34
Chapter 5 Simulation evaluation 38
5.1 Simulation design 38
5.2 Dual-mediator architecture 38
5.3 Three-mediator architecture 42
5.4 Simulation Findings 45
Chapter 6 Conclusion and future work 46
Reference 47
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