(3.238.130.97) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/18 20:26
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:何沛熙
研究生(外文):Jamie Ho
論文名稱:一個沒有位置的位置-雙性戀愛情經驗及其自我定位的發展歷程
論文名稱(外文):A position without location— The development processes of bi-sexual love experiences and self-indentity
指導教授:郭士賢郭士賢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo, Shih-Hsien
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:心理輔導研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:148
中文關鍵詞:雙性戀性傾向自我定位性認同愛情經驗
外文關鍵詞:bisexualsexual identitylove experiencebisexualityidentitysexual orientation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:13
  • 點閱點閱:1317
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:199
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:9
本研究根據研究者自身的經驗出發,在反身觀看理解與詮釋自我愛情經驗的同時尋找到自我的雙性戀定位。在文獻略讀後發現關於性傾向自我定位的理論觀點頗多,確沒有一個是讓研究者能夠完全套用及信服的,因此決定以質性研究的方法,尋找更多雙性戀者的經驗,以瞭解雙性戀者如何經由愛情經驗為自我找到定位。
經過立意取樣找到七位受訪者進行深度訪談,根據七個男女不同的受訪故事內容進行質性分析,得到以下結果:
雙性戀者在愛情經驗中的自我定位歷程,每個人因其經驗不同、背景不同、在意的事情不同,而有不同的歷程呈現,越是能夠對抗恐懼與污名的影響者,過程就能越順利。有的人會先將自己定位為同性戀,之後再修正為雙性戀,有的人則是直接定位為雙性戀。本研究透過七位受訪者的歷程,整理出一個自我定位的模型,此模型展現出個人內在經驗(包含愛情經驗及其他生活經驗)與外在標籤的交互作用,而個人的主動性則在歷程中的理解與詮釋過程中展現。此歷程也是當事人為了自我存在而奮鬥的歷程。
當事人將自我定位為雙性戀的決策過程有三,首先確認自己的經驗及感受是甚麼,再確認對這個標籤位置的內容是甚麼,最後確認自己是如何符合這個標籤位置的。而最後確認自己是如何符合這個標籤位置的步驟實為最關鍵的一步,當事人在這一步中會找到一個將自我經驗與標籤結合的說法,這個說法正說明了自我雙性戀定位的認知內容為何,當這個說法確認了,當事人也就能夠確認自己的定位。而從分析結果中發現,七位受訪者的自我雙性戀定位的認知內容有一共通性,即為:只要愛情存在,性別為何並不重要。
研究發現當事人找到自我定位之後,在心理感受上會覺得更自由、更自在、更自信、更快樂,以及對過往的疑惑找到解釋等,而在生活的影響上,也有當事人因雙性戀的污名也帶來某些負向的困擾,包括必須面對他人的質疑,並且向他們解釋。但基本上從訪談到的故事中所看到的,大部分是正向的影響居多。
而研究也發現華人文化的影響,並非出現在自我定位的歷程中,而是出現在當事人面對婚姻、向家人出櫃、伴侶性別的選擇、及生活方式的選擇上。
This research was inspired by the researcher’s own personal experiences of seeking bisexual identity. Various theories were explored regarding the process of seeking sexual identity. The researcher did not find any solid framework explaining this process. Therefore, data were collected focusing on seeking sexual identity process, and qualitative research approach was used to understand how the bisexual people identify themselves through their experiences.
Seven interviewees participated in the in-depth interview. Applying qualitative content analysis, the following results were found:
Because of their own personal experiences, backgrounds, and personal values, the processes of seeking bisexual identification are very different. Some people identified themselves as homosexuality at first and as bisexuality later. Others identified themselves as bisexuality from the beginning. The more successfully they fought against social prejudice, the more smoothly identification process they had. This study suggested a self-identity model of bisexual identification process. This model shows that there are interactions between individual internal experiences including love and life experiences and external label. The individuals interpret actively their internal experiences, and this identification process is a fight for self existence.
When people decided to identify themselves as bisexual, there were three identification stages. First, they had to understand their experiences and feelings. Secondly, they had to confirm the label. Thirdly, they have to explain how to fit the label. When they could explain to themselves how to fit the label, they would decide their identity. According the data from the interviewees, they believed: as long as love exists, gender does not matter.
When interviewees had more solid bisexual identity, they felt freer, easier, and happier and found some answers for their own past experiences. On the other hand, some people had to face the prejudice and questions of bisexuality. The positive influences are more than the negative ones.
This study also found that Chinese culture has the influence on bisexual people regarding considerations of marriage, coming out to family, choosing a partner, and life style. Chinese culture doesn’t influence the bisexual identity process.
目 錄

摘要……………………………………………………………………….………..….I
目錄……………………………………………………………………….………….III
表次………………………………………………………………………….………..V
圖次……………………………………………………………….…………………..V

第一章 緒論………………………………………………………………….……...1
第一節 研究動機……………………………….……………….………………..1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………………………5
第三節 名詞釋義…………………………………………………………………6
第四節 研究價值…………………………………………………………………7

第二章 文獻探討……………………………………………………..…………..…8
第一節 自我定位…………………………………………………………..……..8
第二節 性傾向的論述……………………………………………………..……..9
第三節 同性戀認同發展理論…………………………………………………...13
第四節 雙性戀認同發展理論……………………………………………...……21
第五節 雙性戀者所面對的現況相關論述…………………………………..….26
第六節 與本研究相關之研究整理…………………………………………...…33
第七節 文獻略讀後研究者之觀點…………………………………………...…38

第三章 研究方法……………………………………………………..…………….39
第一節 研究設計……………………………………………………..………….39
第二節 研究流程…………………………………………………..…………….42
第三節 研究的信實度………………………………………………..………….43
第四節 研究參與者之基本概況描述…………………………………………...45
第五節 研究者之角色…………………………………………………………...46

第四章 研究結果………………………………………………………………..….47
第一節 七個雙性戀的故事……………………………………………..……….47
第二節 分析結果…………………………………………………………..…….75
第五章 討論……………………………………………………………………….120
第一節 自我定位歷程階段之討論……………………………………….…..120
第二節 自我定位歷程建構之討論……………………………...……………125
第三節 自我定位本質與建構之討論…………………………………...……126
第四節 自我定位與污名之討論.......................................................................128
第五節 自我定位之決策過程及影響因素………………………………...…129
第六節 根據本研究結果發展之自我定位歷程模型…………………….…..130
第七節 為存在而奮鬥的歷程………………………………………………...134
第八節 華人文化的影響……………………………………………………...134

第六章 結論、反思與建議…………………………………………...…………..135
第一節 結論………………………………………………………….………..135
第二節 反思……………………………………………………………...……136
第三節 建議………………………………………………………….………..138

參考文獻………………………………………………………….…………………140
附件………………………………………………………………………………….147



表 次

表2-2-1 克萊恩性傾向表格…………………………………………………….……..11
表3-1-1 受訪者出櫃程度及範圍表…………………………………………………...41


圖 次

圖2-3-1 污名、可見度、社群、認同及正向自我概念之結構模型…………………16
圖2-3-2 男同性戀認同的生態模式……………………………………………………17
圖2-3-3 性傾向發展路徑的基模呈現…………………………………………………19
圖2-4-1 女同性戀-男同性戀-雙性戀的發展模式…………………………………24
圖2-4-2 Rivers之認同模型…………………………………………………………….25
圖3-2-1 研究流程圖………………………………………………………………...….42
圖5-1-1 橘子之自我定位階段歷程…………………...……………………….….….121
圖5-1-2 皮皮之自我定位階段歷程………………………...………………….……..121
圖5-1-3 木棱及潼之自我定位階段階段歷程……………………...………..….……122
圖5-1-4 嬋之自我定位階段歷程………………………………..……………..……..122
圖5-1-5 銘藍之自我定位階段歷程……………………………………..………...….123
圖5-1-6 苒苒之自我定位階段歷程…………………..……………………………....124
圖5-4-1 自我定位歷程模型…………………………………………………………..131
參考文獻

王明智(2001)。互為主體:同意之間的對話基礎。應用心理研究,9,25-30。
冉毅浚(2003)。雙性戀者之個案研究。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄。
弗里茲‧克萊恩(2007)。異/同之外:雙性戀(初版)(陳雅汝譯)。台北市:商周出版。(原著出版年:1993)
何英奇(1988)。大專學生之責任感與自我統整:艾力克森青年自我統整理論之倫理分析。教育心理學報,21,77-98。
李亦園(1988)。中國人與自然、他人、自我的關係。載於文崇一、蕭新煌(主編),中國人:觀念與行為(113-128頁)。台北市:巨流圖書。
李亦園(1996)。傳統中國價值觀與華人健康行為特性。戴於曾文星(主編),華人的心理與治療(29-52頁),台北:桂冠圖書。
李淑敬(2004)。女男都愛的女性之伴侶抉擇。國立彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系碩士論文,未出版,彰化。
周志建(2002)。敘事治療的理解與實踐-以一個諮商個案為例之敘說研究。國立台灣師範大學心理與輔導研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
周華山(1997)。同志論。香港:香港同志研究社。
林實芳(2008)。百年對對,只恨看不見:台灣法律夾縫下的女女親密關係。國立台灣大學法律學院法律學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
紀雅惠(2002)。女性自我認同形成歷程之質化研究-以四位教育與助人專業者為例。國立屏東師範學院教育心裡與輔導學系碩士論文,未出版,彰化。
胡幼慧、姚美華(1996)。一些質性方法上的思考:信度與效度?如何抽樣?如何收集資料、登錄與分析?。載於胡幼慧(主編),質性研究:理論、方法及本土女性研究實例(141-157頁)。台北市:巨流。
徐佐銘(2001)。雙性戀的建構與認同:概念的考察。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計劃成果報告(編號:NSC 89-2411-H-032-015),未出版。
高淑清(2000)。質的研究法。高雄:麗文文化。
黃哲(2004)。質化研究的效度問題。教育趨勢導報學科精華,9,64-70。
張娟芬(1999)。「人盯人」式的父權。載於顧燕玲、鄭至慧(主編),女性主義經典:十八世紀啟蒙,二十世紀本土反思(48-55頁)。台北市:女書文化。
敘事研究(吳芝儀譯)(2008)。嘉義:濤石文化。(原著出版年:1998)
莊慧秋(1992)。中國人的同性戀。台北市:張老師出版社。
陳向明(2002)。教師如何做質的研究。台北市:洪葉文化。
陳宜燕(2008)。同志當事人之諮商經驗探究。國立彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系碩士論文,未出版,彰化。
最新質性方法與研究(黃惠雯、董琬芬、梁文蓁、林兆衛譯)(2003)。台北:韋伯文化。(原著出版年:1999)
楊佩秦(2003)。有志「異」同:雙性戀的身份認同。東吳大學社會學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
楊國樞(1988)。中國人與自然、他人、自我的關係。載於文崇一、蕭新煌(主編),中國人:觀念與行為(9-23頁)。台北市:巨流圖書。
楊國樞(1993)。中國人的社會取向;社會互動的觀點。載於楊國樞、余安邦(主編),中國人的心理與行為-概念及方法篇(87-142頁)。台北:桂冠。
劉安真(2002)。從多元文化觀點談同志肯定諮商。輔導季刊,4,6-15。
劉安真、程小蘋、劉淑慧(2002)。「我是雙性戀,但選擇做女同志!」~兩位非異性戀女性的性認同形成歷程。中華輔導學報,12,153-183。
劉俊、張進輔(2009)。同性戀認同發展的理論模型評述。心理科學發展,17,403-413。
劉淑慧(2002)。我是雙性戀,但我選擇做女同志~兩位非異性戀女性的性認同形成歷程。中華輔導學報,12,153-183。
鄭青玫(2005)。恐同現象的探究。諮商與輔導,230,8-11。
謝宜純(2003)。跨越女男的愛情界線--從女同志生命敘說看到雙性戀女同志。國立花蓮師範學院多元文化研究所碩士論文,未出版,花蓮。
羅蘭•哈金斯、蘭妮•卡阿乎瑪努(主編)(2007)。另一個衣櫃(初版)(陳錦華譯)。台北市:商周出版。(原著出版年:1991)
Alderson, K. G. (2003). The ecological model of gay male identity. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 12(2), 75–85.
American Psychological Association (2005). Just the facts about sexual orientation & youth: A primer for principals, educators and school personnel. APA online. Retrieved November 10, 2009 from the World Web site: http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbc/publications/justthefacts.html#2
American Psychological Association. (2009). Sexual orientation, homosexuality and bisexuality. APA help center. Retrieved November 8, 2009, from the World Wide Web: http://www.apahelpcenter.org/articles/article.php?id=31
Beavers, L. A. (2005). .An examination of factors related to receptivity and inclusiveness of gay, lesbian and bisexual issues. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Tennessee State University, Tennessee.
Blumstem, P. W. & Schwartz, P. (1976). Bisexuahty in women. Archives of Sexual Behavior 5(2), 171-81.
Bieschke, K. J., & Blasko, K. A. (2000). Review of empirical research focused on the experience of lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients incounseling and psychotherapy. In K. J. Bieschke, R. M. Perez, & K. A. DeBord (Eds.), Handbook of Counseling and Psychotherapy with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Clients (pp.293-313). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Broido, E. M. (2000). Constructing identity: The nature and meaning of lesbian, gay, and bisexual. In R.M.Perez, K.A. DeBord, & K.J.Bieschke (Eds.), Handbook of Counseling and Psychotherapy with Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Clients (pp.13-33). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Cass, V. (1979). Homosexual identity formation:A theoretical model. Journal of Homosexual, 4, 219-235.
Chapman, B.E. & Brannock, J.C. (1987). Proposed model of lesbian identity development: An empirical examination. Journal of Homosexuality, 14, 69-81.
Coleman, E. (1982). Developmental Stages of the coming out Process. In J. C. Gonsiorek (Eds.). Homosexuality & Psychotherapy (pp.31-44). New York:The Haworth Press.
Coleman. E.. &. Remafedi. G. (1989). Gay, lesbian and bisexual adolescents: A critical challenge to counselors. Journal of Counseling &. Development. 68. 36-39.
D'Augelli, A. R. (1994) Identity development and sexual orientation: toward a model of lesbian, gay and bisexual development. In E. J. Trickett, R. J. Watts and D. Birman (Eds.), Human Diversity: Perspective on People in Context (pp. 312-333). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
David, R. M. (1996). Counseling and psychotherapy with bisexual and exploring clients. In Beth A. Firestein (Ed.), Bisexuality (pp.185-213). California: Sage Publications.
Erikson, E. H. (1950). Childhood and Society. New York: Norton.
Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton.
Floyd, F. J., & Stein, T. S. (2002). Sexual orientation identity formation among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths: Multiple patterns of milestone experiences. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12, 167–191.
Fox, R. C. (1995). Bisexual identities. In A. R. D’Agelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities Over The Lifespan: Psychological Perspectives (pp.48-86). New York: Oxford University Press.
Fox, R. C. (2003). Bisexual identities. In Garnets Linda & Kimmel Douglas C. (Eds.), Psychological Perspectives on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Experiences (pp.86-129). New York: Columbia University Press
Frable, D. E. S., Wortman, C., & Joseph, J. (1997). Predicting self-esteem, well-being, and distress in a cohort of gay men: The importance of cultural stigma, personal visibility, community networks, and positive identity. Journal of Personality, 65(3), 599–624.
Grotevant, H. D., Bosma, H. A., Levita, D. J., & Graafsma, T. L.G. (1994). Identity and development: An interdisciplinary approach. California: Sage.
Haldeman, D. C. (2001). Therapeutic antidotes: Helping gay and bisexual men recover from conversion therapies. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, 5(3/4), 117-130.
Hammack, P. L. (2005). The life course development of human sexual orientation: An integrative paradigm. Human Development, 48, 267–290.
Hammersley, M. (1990). Reading Ethnographic Research: A Critical Guide. London: Longman
Hopcke, R. H. (1995). Men through a prism. The San Francisco Jung Institute Library Journal. 13(4), 63–70.
Horowitz, J. L., & Newcomb, M. D. (1999). Bisexuality, not homosexuality: Counseling issues and treatment approaches. Journal of College Counseling, 2, 148-163.
King, L. A., & Smith, N. G. (2004). Gay and straight possible selves: Goals, identity, subjective well-being, and personality development. Journal of Personality, 72(5), 967–994.
Klein, F. (1978). The Bisexual Option: A Concept of One Hundred Percent Intimacy. New York: Arbor House.
Klein, F., Sepekoff, B. & Wolf, T. J. (1985) Sexual orientation: A multi-variable dynamic process. Journal of Homosexuality, 11, 35-50.
Kvale, S. (1995). The social construction of validity. Qualitative Inquiry, 1(1), 19-40.
Lincoln,Y. S. (1995). Emerging criteria for quality in qualitative and interpretive research. Qualitative Inquiry, 1(3), 275-289.
Lourea. D. N. (1985). Psychosocial issues related to counseling bisexuals. The Journal of Homosexuality, 11, 51-63.
Maddox, B. (1982). Married and Gay An Intimate Look at a Different Relationship. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Maguen, S., Floyd, F. J., Bakeman, R., Armistead, L. (2002). Developmental milestones and disclosure of sexual orientation among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 23(2), 219–233.
Malone, J. (1980). Straight Women and Gay Men: A Special Relationship. New York: Dial.
McDonald, G. J. (1982). Individual difference in the coming out process for gay men: Implications for theoretical models. Journal of Homosexuality, 8, 47-60.
Miller, B. (1979). Gay fathers and their children. The Family Coordinator, 28, 544-52.
Morris, J. F., Waldo, C. R., & Rothblum, E. D. (2001). A model of predictors and outcomes of outness among lesbian and bisexual women. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 71, 61–71.
Newman, B. S., & Muzzonigro, P. G. (1993). The effects of traditional family values on the coming out process of gay male adolescents. Adolescence, 29(109), 213-226.
Paul. J. P. (1984). The bisexual identity: An idea without social recognition , Journal of Homosexuality, 9, 45-63.
Rivers, I. (1997). Lesbian, gay and bisexual development: Theory, research and social issues. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 7, 329–343.
Ronald, C. F. (1996). Bisexuality in perspective : A review of theory and research. In Beth A. Firestein (Ed.), Bisexuality (pp.185-213). California: Sage Publications.
Rosario, M., Hunter. J., Maguen. S., Gwadz, M., & Smith, R. (2001). The coming-out process and its adaptational and health-related associations among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths: Stipulation and exploration of a model. American Journal of Community Psychology, 29(1), 133–160.
Rosario, M., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F. L., Hunter, J., Exner, T. M., Gwadz, M., & Keller, A. M. (1996). The psychosexual development of urban lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. The Journal of Sex Research, 33(2), 113–126.
Rosario, M., Rotheram-Borus, M. J., & Reid, H. (1996). Gay-related stress and its correlates among gay and bisexual male adolescents of predominantly black and hispanic background. Journal of Community Psychology, 24, 136–159.
Ross, H. L. (1971). Modes of adjustment of married homosexuals. Social Problems, 18, 385-93.
Ross, M. W. (1983). The Married Homosexual Man A Psychological Study. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Rust, P. C. (1993). Coming out in the age of social constructionism: Sexual identity formation among lesbian and bisexual women. Gender & Society, 7(1), 50-77.
Rust, P. C. (1995). Bisexuality and the challenge to lesbian politics: Sex, loyalty and revolution. New York: New York University Press.
Rust, P.C. (1992). The politics of sexual identity: Sexual attraction and behavior among lesbian and bisexual women. Social Problems, 39(4), 366-386.
Sophie, J. (1985). A critical examination of stage theories of lesbian identity development. Journal of Homosexuality, 12, 39-51.
Troinden, R. R. (1988). Gay and lesbian identity: A sociological analysis. NY: General Hall.
Weinberg, M. S., Williams, C. J., & Pryor, D. W. (1994). Dual attraction: Understanding bisexuality. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wilton, T. (1999). Towards an understanding of the cultural roots of homophobia inorder to provide a better midwifery service for lesbian clients. Midwifery, 15, 154-164.
Wolf, T. J. (1985). Marriages of bisexual men. Journal of Homosexuality, 11(1/2), 135-148.
Yarhouse, M. A., Tan, E. S. N., & Pawlowski, L. M. (2005). Sexual identity development and synthesis among LGB-identified and LGB dis-identified persons. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 33(1), 3–16.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top