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研究生:李威震
研究生(外文):Wei-Chen Li
論文名稱:層接式自組裝法製備聚(聚(2-丙烯醯胺基-2甲基炳磺酸))及其鹽類化合物感測薄膜之完全透明可撓式濕度感測器
論文名稱(外文):Fully transparent and flexible humidity sensors fabricated by layer-by-layer self-assembly of thin film of poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonate) and its salt complex
指導教授:蘇平貴蘇平貴引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pi-Guey Su
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:應用化學研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:全透明的可撓式濕度感測器摻雜鋁元素的氧化鋅層接式自組裝高分子聚合物電解質鹽類
外文關鍵詞:Transparentflexiblehumidity sensoraluminum-doped ZnO (AZO)layer-by-layer (LBL) self-assemblypolymer electrolytesalt.
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本研究中,利用aluminum-doped ZnO (AZO)濺鍍在PET上作為指叉電極,將此鍍有AZO之PET做為全透明可撓式基材,以layer-by-layer技術先將PET基板上塗布Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)使基板帶有負電荷後再將帶正電荷的poly(diallydimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA)與帶負電荷的poly(styrenesulfonic acid) sodium salt (PSS)一層一層交互塗布在基板上,最後在帶有正電荷的PDDA 層外,層接上帶有負電荷並且與氯化鈉及碳酸鉀改質之後的高分子感濕材料poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonate) (PAMPS),製作成一層接式自組裝完全透明可撓式的濕度感測器,並且探討本感測器在濕度、透明度及可撓性上各種特性。
A novel fully transparent and flexible impedance-type humidity sensor was fabricated by the LBL self-assembly of poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonate) (PAMPS) polymer electrolyte and PAMPS thin films that were doped with salts (NaCl and K2CO3) on a flexible substrate (polyester film; PET) substrate with a pair of comb-like aluminum-doped ZnO (AZO) transparent electrodes. The electrical properties of the LBL self-assembled PAMPS polymer electrolyte thin films were studied in detail as functions of relative humidity (RH), to elucidate the effects of the deposition concentration of PAMPS and the number of PAMPS multilayers on the sensing properties. NaCl and K2CO3 were simultaneously doped into PAMPS polyelectrolyte to improve the sensing properties (sensitivity and linearity) of the transparent and flexible impedance-type humidity sensors. The transparency, flexibility, hysteresis, ambient temperature, response and recovery times and long-term stability were also studied.
謝誌 Ⅰ
中文摘要 Ⅱ
英文摘要 Ⅲ
總目錄 Ⅳ
表目錄 Ⅷ
圖目錄 Ⅸ
第一章 序論 1
1-1 感測器原理與簡介 1
1-2 濕度的簡介 4
1-3 濕度的表示法 5
1-3-1 飽和濕度(Absolute humidity) 5
1-3-2 絕對濕度(saturated humidity) 5
1-3-3 百分率濕度(Percentage humidity) 6
1-3-4 比濕度(Specific humidity) 6
1-3-5 相對濕度(Relative Humidity) 7
1-4 濕度感測器介紹 8
1-5 研究動機 10


第二章 理論基礎 11
2-1 濕度感測器的分類 11
2-2 濕度感測器之感濕特性要件 14
2-2-1 濕度量程(Working range) 14
2-2-2 感濕靈敏度 (Humidity characteristic) 15
2-2-3 感濕特徵曲線 (Sensitivity) 15
2-2-4 溫度係數(Temper ature effect) 16
2-2-4-1 特徵值溫度係數 16
2-2-4-2 感濕溫度係數 17
2-2-5 反應時間(Response time) 17
2-2-6 遲滯效應(Hysteresis) 18
2-2-7 壓電特性 18
2-3 各種濕度感測器的構造與原理介紹 19
2-3-1 陶瓷濕度感測器 19
2-3-2 電解質濕度感測器(Electrical Conductivity Sensors) 20
2-3-3 高分子濕度感測器 20
2-3-3-1 電阻式高分子濕度感測器 21
2-3-3-2 電容式高分子濕度感測器 21
2-3-4 厚膜濕度感測器 22
2-3-5 半導體濕度感測器 23
2-4 各種濕度感測材料 24
2-4-1 高分子材料 24
2-4-2 奈米複合材料 25
2-4-3 陶瓷材料 26
2-5 可撓式基材的之發展 29
2-6 全透明及可撓性基板之介紹 32
2-7 全透明及可撓式AZO-PET 基板之應用 35
2-8 靜電層接式自組裝技術 39
第三章 實驗藥品與儀器 41
3-1 實驗藥品 41
3-2 實驗器材設備與儀器 44
3-3 實驗流程與步驟 45
3-3-1 AZO-PET基板製備 45
3-3-2 複合材料及Sensor之製備 46
3-4 濕度量測系統簡介 50
3-4-1 分流式濕度產生系統 50
3-4-2 多元件電性量測系統 50
第四章 結果與討論 54
4-1 PAMPS材料對於濕度感測的探討 54
4-1-1 PAMPS濃度對於感度探討 54
4-1-2 外層(PAMPS/PDDA)層數對感度探討 55
4-2 PAMPS添加鹽類對於感度的探討 57
4-2-1 感度對於PAMPS添加NaCl改質後的影響 57
4-2-2 感度對於PSMPS添加兩種鹽類NaCl與K2CO3改質
後的影響 58
4-3 濕度特性探討 61
4-3-1 感度與線性 61
4-3-2 濕滯現象 61
4-3-3 反應時間與恢復時間 62
4-3-4 溫度改變對濕度的探討 63
4-4 穿透度與可撓性探討 64
4-4-1 可撓性的探討 65
4-4-2 穿透度的探討 66
第五章 結論 67
參考文獻 68

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90.D. R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 78th edition, 1997-1998, 5-79.

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