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研究生:程鈴湘
研究生(外文):Ling-hsiang Cheng
論文名稱:班妮特在《秘密花園》與《藍色花的國度》中後浪漫生態學與神智學整體論的呈現
論文名稱(外文):Post-Romantic Ecology and Theosophical Holism in Burnett’s The Secret Garden and The Land of the Blue Flower
指導教授:海柏海柏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Patricia Haseltine
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:英文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:浪漫生態學華滋華斯班妮特整體論神智學
外文關鍵詞:holismtheosophyromantic ecologyWordsworthBurnett
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論文摘要
法蘭西絲‧班妮特是十九世紀維多利亞時期著名的兒童文學作家,深受到威廉‧華滋華斯的浪漫主義與博拉芙斯姬女士的神智學所影響,且此二者與生態學有相關性。她的《秘密花園》是本寫實主義小說而《藍色花的國度》是本寓言故事,此兩本書皆闡釋人類與大自然的相互緊密性以及大自然的治癒能力,且皆呈現結構上的改變,從二元對立到整體論。因此本論文是以歷史背景為基礎探討班妮特的《秘密花園》與《藍色花的國度》,並找出她如何運用華滋華斯浪漫主義的概念與博拉芙斯姬女士神智學的思想。第一章介紹班妮特的歷史背景和論述不同文類的此二本書呈現相同的主旨。第二章解釋浪漫生態學、華滋華斯的浪漫主義以及神智學的思想皆有深遠的相同性在於堅持主張整體論的概念。第三章論述此兩本書中的兒童、語言、地方色彩與母親的概念,以呈現班妮特如何描繪兒童角色,與如何運用兒童與大自然整體論的關係解決維多利亞時期兒童和成人所面臨的問題。第四章探討與人類之間、大自然以及死亡母親的靈魂的溝通展現治療是一種過程,且為了論證班妮特在此兩本書中如何運用神智學的思想。結論是我主張班妮特擁有自己的生態學概念並教導她的讀者尊敬與愛大自然,以及此二本書呈現給讀者整體論的概念。
Abstract
Frances Hodgson Burnett, a prominent of 19th century children writer in Victorian Age, was influenced by William Wordsworth’s Romanticism and Madame Blavatsky’s Theosophy, which are related to ecology. Her both of books, The Secret Garden, a realist novel, and The Land of the Blue Flower, an allegorical tale, are concerned with the interrelatedness between human being and nature and nature healing; both of books also present that the structural opposition of dualism is transformed into holism. Based on the historical context, this thesis explores Burnett’s The Secret Garden and The Land of the Blue Flower to find out how she has applied concepts from Wordsworth’s Romanticism and Madame Blavatsky’s Theosophy. Chapter One introduces Burnett’s historical background and discusses the similarities in different genres of two books. Chapter Two explains that the connection between Romantic ecology, Wordsworth’s Romanticism and the ideas of theosophy is concerned with the concept of holism. Chapter Three investigates children, language, local color and concept of the mother to show how Burnett portrays child characters and presents the relationship between children and nature in order to solve the problems faced by children and adults in the Victorian Age. Chapter Four discusses the communication between humans and nature and the presence of the spirit of the dead mother which shows healing as a process in order to find out how Burnett uses theosophical ideas in both of books. In conclusion, I assert that Burnett has her own ecological ideas and teaches her readers to respect and love nature, and that both of books present the concept of holism.
Table of Contents
Chinese Abstract........................................i
English Abstract.......................................ii
Acknowledgements.......................................iv
Chapter One: Introduction...............................1
Chapter Two: Romantic Ecology and Theosophy...........7
Romantic Ecology........................................7
Wordsworth’s Work and His Ecological Thought............9
Theosophy..............................................14
The Relation between Theosophy and Spiritualism........15
Holism in Theosophy....................................17
The Relation between Theosophy and Ecology.............20
The Relation between Romantic Ecology and Theosophy....25
Burnett in Victorian Age...............................26
Chapter Three: Post-Romantic Ecology in Burnett’s The
Secret Garden and The Land of the
Blue Flower...........................29
Children...............................................30
Language...............................................35
Local Color............................................39
Concept of the Mother..................................45
Conclusion.............................................48
Chapter Four: Theosophical Holism in Burnett’s The
Secret Garden and The Land of the Blue
Flower.................................49
Communication between Humans...........................50
Communication with Nature..............................59
Communication with the Spirit of the Dead Mother.......64
Healing................................................67
Conclusion.............................................69
Chapter Five: Conclusion.............................70
Works Cited............................................74
Works Cited
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