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研究生:李雅竹
研究生(外文):Ya-Zhu Li
論文名稱:愛倫坡《告密的心》的自我解體
論文名稱(外文):Disintegration of the Self in Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Tell-Tale Heart”
指導教授:蔡梅曦蔡梅曦引用關係
指導教授(外文):Mei-shi Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010/08/
畢業學年度:98
語文別:英文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:第一人稱敘述內心獨白瘋狂鏡像理論不可靠敘述者
外文關鍵詞:first-person narrationinterior monologueunreliable narratormirror stagemadness
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愛倫坡以恐怖小說作家著稱。他的作品充滿精神異常、瘋狂、暴力或是超自然力量。令人煩惱的是,他的個人生活和他的作品敘述之間的相似度。讀者和評論家因著這個特點,樂於將愛倫坡各人生活背景當作分析文學作品的資料來源。此舉帶來的結果是,愛倫坡成一位只懂得寫自己作品的不重要作家。
本論文意旨在為愛倫坡的名譽辯白,證明他是有一位自覺的作家。第一章解釋愛倫坡和他小說敘述者形象如何的重疊,以及既使那些誤解愛倫坡的批評者為何也如何無法否認愛倫坡在歌德小說發展中,革新者的角色。第二章,討論在《告密的心》這篇故事中,愛倫坡特意注入的反語。“不可靠第一人稱敘述者”的發展後,強調在《告密的心》中“眼睛”象徵帶出,自我毀滅以及否認兩個主要論題。第三章在拉岡的鏡象理論和《告密的心》的敘述者的類比之下,展示敘述者自我毀滅的意圖以及他的自我解體。使在《告密的心》中的痛苦心智,不只是愛倫坡豐富想像力下的現象,且是真實存在的。第四章,簡短介紹愛倫坡在現今出版業的地位。綜觀回顧論文,帶出愛倫坡是一位有遠見且自覺的文藝大師。
Edgar Allen Poe is a well-known writer of gothic horror. His stories always deal with mental disorder, madness, violence or the supernatural, and details of his tales shares a number of disturbing similarities with personal life. Readers and critics enjoy citing Poe’s personal life to support their analysis of Poe’s literary works. As a result, Poe has earned a bad reputation as a self-wrecked writer, writing his own story somewhat with lesser quality.
This thesis is intended to vindicate Poe’s bad reputation by proving that Poe was conscious writer who deserves to be remembered as a literary craftsman and a visionary pioneer in the literary world. Chapter One explains how the image of Poe overlaps that of his narrators, and critics why and how misunderstand him but could not ignore his status as an innovator in the Gothic fiction. Chapter Two discusses the irony that Poe deliberately injected into the “The Tell-Tale Heart.” Following a brief discussion of the development of “unreliable first narration” is a critical examination of self-destruction and the negation, focusing the symbol “eye” in “The Tell-Tale Heart.” Chapter Three touches the intentional self-destruction of the narrator in the “The Tell-Tale Heart”, while drawing analogies from Lacan’s mirror stage. And the tormented mind in “The Tell-Tale Heart” is a phenomenon not only of his fertile imagination, but also of reality. Chapter four briefly introduces Poe’s status in the world of the publication. With the overall review, the thesis concludes that Poe is a visionary and self-conscious craftsman.
CHAPTER 1. Introduction................................1
CHAPTER 2. Self-Destruction:
Ironic First-Person Narration...............17
CHAPTER 3. Disintegrative Self: Identity Crisis........40
CHAPTER 4. Conclusion..................................58
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