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研究生:巫俊霖
研究生(外文):Chun-Lin Wu
論文名稱:企業規模、集團隸屬、企業創新能力與績效之探討
論文名稱(外文):Firm Size, Business Group, Innovation and Firm Performance
指導教授:謝存瑞謝存瑞引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsun-Jui Hsieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:國際企業學系研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:規模績效國際化隸屬集團創新能力
外文關鍵詞:Innovationbusiness GroupSizeInternationalizationPerformance
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:259
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自從公元2000年後,台灣進入政黨輪替執政,對於兩岸的經濟策略與方向也不同,但企業對於國際化的腳步是不停滯的,從過去研究當中,常探討企業績效對於國際化的進入模式選擇或者衡量績效的方式,這些研究都是為了給予企業更好的決策與發展。
本論文為了提供在台企業績效有更多參考指標,以企業規模的大小、企業隸屬於集團企業與否,以及企業的創新能力當作自變數,是否可提升企業的績效當作本研究的方向,績效呈現方式以資產報酬率為參考值;以2001年到2008年間的鋼鐵工業、汽車業、電子業、水泥工業、食品工業的企業作為研究樣本,分析這些企業以三項自變數對資產報酬率是否有正向影響,其中規模以總資產、營業收入淨額分析,對企業隸屬集團設定虛擬變數,企業創新能力以研究發展支出作為分析。
本研究對於在台企業是有益的,對於企業而言,可以透過企業的規模、企業是否隸屬於集團、企業創新能力,看出能否給予企業績效的提升,所以企業未來在貿易策略上,或是與其他企業合作的情況能夠更明確的判斷對於企業的好壞,也可以減少企業虧損的風險。
Taiwan has encountered party alternations in power since year 2000, therefore resulting changes in economic strategy. However, enterprises haven’t changed their goals towards internationalization. Many of the past studies researched how performance of firms affected their international entry mode or measurement of performance. These studies were conducted to help enterprises having better strategies and development.
This study was conducted for the enterprises performance in Taiwan as a reference. The research purpose of current study is to examine whether firm size, business group, and firm innovation can increase firms’ performance as independent variables. Return on Assets (ROA) was applied as performance data reference values in the study. The data of enterprises in iron industry, automotive, electronics, cement industry, and foodstuffs industry from 2001 to 2008 was used as the research samples. The enterprises were analyzed by the three independent variables to examine whether these has positive impacts on return on assets. Firm size was measured by total assets and net operation income, setting business group as virtual variable, R&D expenditures as innovation to analyze.
This study is useful for enterprises in Taiwan. For enterprises, by the scale of the company, business group or not and innovation, we can know that if the results could be promoted or not. And we can tell if it’s good or bad for the company by the trading strategy and the condition of team up with other company, and also to decrease the crisis of deficit to the enterprise.
謝誌
中文摘要
英文摘要
目錄
表目錄
圖目錄
第一章 緒論
1.1 研究背景
1.2 研究目的
1.3 研究流程
第二章 文獻探討與研究假說
2.1 國際化探討
2.1.1 國際化的定義
2.1.2 國際化的進入模式選擇
2.1.2.1 國際化進入模式定義
2.1.2.2 國際化的進入模式選擇
2.1.3 國際化理論回顧
2.1.3.1 交易成本理論
2.1.3.2 國際產品生命週期理論
2.1.3.3 資源基礎理論
2.1.3.4 折衷理論
2.1.4 國際化與企業績效
2.1.4.1 國際化程度的衡量指標
2.1.4.2 績效衡量指標
2.1.4.3 國際化與企業績效
2.1.5 小結
2.2 企業競爭優勢
2.3 企業規模
2.3.1 企業規模
2.3.2 規模與創新
2.3.3 小結
2.4 集團企業
2.4.1 集團企業的定義
2.4.2 台灣的集團企業
2.4.3 小結
2.5 企業創新能力
2.5.1 創新的定義
2.5.2 創新與績效
2.5.3 研發支出
2.5.4 小結
第三章 研究方法
3.1 研究方法
3.1.1 基本統計敘述
3.1.2 資料比對與編碼
3.1.3 階層迴歸分析、共線性診斷
3.2 研究架構
3.3 變數衡量
3.3.1 依變數
3.3.2 自變數
3.3.2.1 企業規模
3.3.2.2 隸屬集團企業
3.3.2.3 創新能力
3.3.3 控制變數
3.3.3.1 國際化
3.3.3.2 負債比率
3.4 資料來源
第四章 研究結果與討論
4.1 敘述性統計
4.1.1 依變數-資產報酬率(ROA)稅後前息
4.1.2 自變數
4.1.2.1 資產總額
4.1.2.2 營業收入淨額
4.1.2.3 企業集團隸屬
4.1.2.4 營業費用-研發支出
4.1.3 控制變數
4.1.3.1 負債比率
4.1.3.2 外銷值
4.2 相關係數分析
4.3 迴歸分析
第五章 結論與研究建議
5.1 結論
5.2 研究貢獻
5.2.1 研究貢獻
5.2.2 實務貢獻
5.3 研究限制與未來發展
5.3.1 研究限制
5.3.2 未來發展
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