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研究生:羅勝軒
研究生(外文):Sheng-hsuan Lo
論文名稱:國際氣候變遷調適法制化進程之研究-以農業部門之調適政策措施為例
論文名稱(外文):Progressive Development towards a Legal Regime for Climate Change Adaptation:the Case of the Adaptation in Agricultural Sector
指導教授:李子文李子文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tzu-wen Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東吳大學
系所名稱:法律學系
學門:法律學門
學類:一般法律學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:181
中文關鍵詞:氣候變遷聯合國氣候變化綱要公約京都議定書氣候變遷調適法制調適政策與措施農業方法論永續發展
外文關鍵詞:Climate ChangeUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate ChangeKyoto ProtocolLegal Regime for Climate Change AdaptationAdaptation Policies and MeasuresAgricultureMethodologiesSustainable Development
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氣候變遷對農業與全球糧食安全已產生嚴重的影響,我國亦無法自外於此種現象。身為一個面對氣候變遷衝擊具有高度脆弱性的島嶼國家,氣候變化所間接導致的極端氣候與災難,正對我們國家與人民的生存構成重大威脅。本文嘗試以介紹已發生的全球氣候變遷現象對農業所造成的衝擊與影響為出發,並且以農業為目標,討論氣候變化綱要公約架構下所正在成形與建構中的國際氣候變遷調適法制,其中針對農業部門所建議的調適方法論及其相應之制度與操作步驟,並且檢視當前國際社會中已普遍被實踐之調適政策與措施,作為國內相關部門與主管機關制定我國農業部門發展調適政策與措施的參考依據之ㄧ。希望在依循國際氣候變遷法制規範之下所制定的農業調適政策與措施,可以銜接國際環境規範之原則與發展趨勢,並符合我國特殊的國情需求,確保我國農業永續發展的基礎。
Climate change causes severe impacts on agriculture and global food security, and there is unequivocally no escape for Taiwan. As one of the most vulnerable island States, the severe weather and disasters are constantly posing grave threats to the survival of our country and people. Based on the understanding of the ongoing global climate change’s impact and influence upon agriculture, this study attempts to exam the widely applied adaptation measures and methodologies on agricultural sector under the progressive development of the legal regime for climate change adaptation. This study also reviewed and evaluated the suggested adaptation measures and methodologies from the Convention. The findings could be useful references for the agriculture sectors in establishing our national agriculture adaptation policies and measures. Hopefully, under the framework of UNFCCC regulations, our national agricultural adaptation policies and practices could follow the principles and modern trends of international environmental norms, respond to our unique needs, and lay the foundation for sustainable development of Taiwan agriculture.
謝辭................................................................................................................................I
總目.............................................................................................................................III
詳目...............................................................................................................................V
圖表目次......................................................................................................................IX
論文專有名詞中英文對照暨縮寫表 ........................................................................ X
中文摘要................................................................................................................... XII
ENGLISH ABSTRACT............................................................................................XIII
第一章 緒論................................................................................................................. 1
第一節 研究動機......................................................................................................... 1
第二節 研究目的......................................................................................................... 3
第三節 研究方法......................................................................................................... 4
第四節 研究範圍與限制............................................................................................. 5
第五節 文獻探討......................................................................................................... 5
第六節 預期成果......................................................................................................... 6
第二章 氣候變遷與全球糧食安全危機..................................................................... 7
第一節 前言-解構不願面對的真相......................................................................... 7
第二節 失控的氣候變遷............................................................................................. 9
第一項 現況與成因..................................................................................................... 9
第二項 影響與對策................................................................................................... 15
第三節 失控的氣候變遷加重衝擊全球糧食安全危機........................................... 18
第一項 現況與成因................................................................................................... 18
第二項 影響與對策................................................................................................... 22
第四節 小結-唯有正視問題,才能解決問題......................................................... 25
第三章 聯合國氣候變化綱要公約所建構之氣候變遷調適法規........................... 28
第一節 前言-UNFCCC 之建構與演進................................................................ 28
第二節 UNFCCC 架構下關於調適之法理原則.................................................... 32
第一項 調適的定義、範圍及目的............................................................................ 32
第一款 定義............................................................................................................... 32
第二款 範圍............................................................................................................... 33
第三款 目的............................................................................................................... 33
第二項 UNFCCC 中關於調適所明文揭示的法理原則........................................ 35
第一款 共同但有差異責任原則............................................................................... 36
第二款 預防原則....................................................................................................... 39
第三款 成本有效原則............................................................................................... 40
第四款 永續發展原則............................................................................................... 41
第三節 UNFCCC 建構之氣候變遷法制中調適之明文規範................................ 44
第一項 UNFCCC 架構下與調適有關之明文規範簡介........................................ 44
第一款 UNFCCC 第4 條-氣候變遷法制關於調適之核心規範........................ 45
第二款 UNFCCC 第12.1 條-提供有關國家責任履行的訊息........................... 48
第三款 《京都議定書》第10 條-提交促進適應氣候變遷措施的國家方案.........49
第四節 制訂調適政策與措施之方法論(METHODOLOGIES).......................... 51
第五節 UNFCCC架構下調適之財務資源機制...................................................... 54
第六節 小結............................................................................................................... 58
第四章 國際間因應氣候變遷法制所形成之調適政策措施與指導方針............... 62
第一節 前言............................................................................................................... 62
第二節 UNFCCC締約方大會所提出的重要調適策略與機制.............................. 64
第一項 第7屆UNFCCC締約方大會-國家調適行動計畫.................................... 66
第二項 第10屆UNFCCC締約方大會-布宜諾斯艾利斯調適與因應措施工作計畫................................................................................................................................. 67
第三項 第12屆UNFCCC締約方大會-奈洛比氣候變化之衝擊、脆弱性與調適工作計畫......................................................................................................................... 69
第四項 開發中國家氣候變遷衝擊、脆弱度與調適................................................. 70
第五項 第13屆UNFCCC締約方大會-峇里行動方案/峇里路線圖..................... 71
第三節 UNDP:氣候變遷調適政策綱領.................................................................. 74
第四節 FAO:氣候變遷調適-全球糧食安全之挑戰與機會................................. 77
第一項 FAO倡議一:消除貧困是全世界的共同責任........................................... 79
第二項 FAO倡議二:確保全球農業與糧食安全以及環境永續發展..................... 79
第五節 小結............................................................................................................... 80
第五章 重要國際組織與農產大國之因應政策評析............................................... 82
第一節 前言............................................................................................................... 82
第二節 歐洲聯盟....................................................................................................... 83
第一項 EU策略一:推動贏得全球氣候變遷之戰................................................... 84
第二項 EU策略二:通過2020 全球氣候變遷策略................................................ 85
第三項 EU適應氣候變遷白皮書............................................................................. 85
第四項 EU農業調適白皮書..................................................................................... 87
第三節 東南亞國協................................................................................................... 88
第一項 各會員國政策............................................................................................... 90
第二項 關鍵議題領域............................................................................................... 92
第四節 美國............................................................................................................... 95
第一項 提供農地存續誘因....................................................................................... 97
第二項 依碳價波動的碳抵償計畫........................................................................... 97
第三項 成立專責單位,統籌氣候變遷調適政策與措施......................................... 99
第四項 重視生態體系調適....................................................................................... 99
第五節 澳洲............................................................................................................. 100
第六節 中國............................................................................................................. 101
第一項 因應氣候變遷的適應對策......................................................................... 102
第二項 採取實際的調適政策行動與立法措施..................................................... 103
第七節 小結............................................................................................................. 103
第六章 我國的調適與因應之道............................................................................. 107
第一節 前言-關鍵時刻,台灣準備好了嗎? .................................................... 107
第二節 台灣區域氣候變化的現況與未來............................................................. 109
第三節 氣候變遷對我國農業部門所造成的衝擊................................................. 111
第一項 已觀測的影響與危害................................................................................. 111
第二項 未來可能的衝擊與脆弱度......................................................................... 113
第一款 糧食生產潛力下降..................................................................................... 113
第二款 耕地面積減縮、灌溉水資源不足............................................................... 113
第三款 糧食進口風險升高,糧食安全危機產生................................................... 114
第四節 國際氣候變遷法制對我國現有調適政策所帶來之啟示......................... 115
第一項 我國現有農業調適政策與措施................................................................. 115
第二項 現有調適政策與國際氣候變遷調適法制之比較..................................... 117
第三項 我國可採取的農業調適政策與因應之道................................................. 122
第五節 小結............................................................................................................. 127
第七章 結論:發展低碳經濟的綠色新未來-現在不做,明天就後悔!............ 130
第一節 檢視過去..................................................................................................... 130
第二節 把握當下..................................................................................................... 133
第三節 放眼未來..................................................................................................... 137
參考文獻................................................................................................................... 142
壹、中文部分............................................................................................................. 142
一、專書.................................................................................................................... 142
二、期刊文獻............................................................................................................ 143
三、研究報告............................................................................................................ 146
四、學位論文............................................................................................................ 146
五、網路資源............................................................................................................ 147
貳、英文部分............................................................................................................. 148
一、專書.................................................................................................................... 148
二、期刊文獻............................................................................................................ 153
三、國際公約............................................................................................................ 155
四、國際組織文件.................................................................................................... 156
歐洲聯盟決議........................................................................................................... 156
聯合國決議............................................................................................................... 156
聯合國文件............................................................................................................... 158
五、網路資源............................................................................................................ 160
壹、中文部分

一、專書

Alexandre Kiss, 張若思編譯,《國際環境法》,北京:法律出版社(2000)。
Carson, Rachel, 李文昭譯,《寂靜的春天》,台中:晨星(1996)。
Diamond, Jared, 廖月娟譯,《大崩壞:人類社會的明天?》,台北:時報文化(2009初版十八刷)。
Dyer, Gwynne, 林聰毅譯,《氣候戰爭-決定全人類命運的最後一場戰役》,台北:財信出版(2009)。
Flannery, Tim, 林雨蒨譯,《是你,製造了天氣-全球暖化危機》,台北:高寶國際(2007)。
Flavin, Christopher et al., 周晉澄等譯,《2005世界現況:看守世界硏究中心邁向永續社會報告》,台北:看守台灣研究中心(2006)。
Flavin, Christopher et al., 鄭益明等譯,《2009世界現況:進入暖化的世界》,台北:看守台灣研究中心(2009)。
Friedman, Thomas, 丘羽先等譯,《世界又熱、又平、又擠-全球暖化、能源耗竭、人口爆炸危機下的新經濟革命》,台北:天下文化(2008)。
Gore, Al, 張瓊懿、欒欣譯,《不願面對的真相》,台北:商周(2007)。
Patel, Raj, 葉家興等譯,《糧食戰爭:市場、權力以及世界食物體系的隱形之戰》,台北:高寶國際(2009)。
Shiva, Vandana, 陳思穎譯,《大地,非石油:氣候危機時代下的環境正義》,台北:綠色陣線協會(2009)。
Woodin, Michael & Lucas, Caroline, 鄧伯宸譯,《綠色全球宣言 : 讓經濟回到升斗小民手上》,台北: 立緖文化(2005)。
Yann Arthus-Bertrand, 李毓真譯,《HOME:搶救家園計畫》,台北:行人文化實驗室(2009)。
丁一匯主編,《中國氣候變化:科學、影響、適應及對策研究》,北京:中國環境科學出版社(2009)。
中國科學院可持續發展戰略研究組,《2009中國可持續發展戰略報告-探索中國特色的低碳道路》,北京:科學出版社(2009)。
尹成杰,《糧安天下-全球糧食危機與中國糧食安全》,北京:中國經濟出版社(2009)。
包宗和主編,王冠雄等著,《衛生安全的理論建構與實踐》,台北:遠景基金會(2009)。
丘宏達,《現代國際法》,台北:三民(2006二版)。
呂理德等編著,《關鍵時刻 : 氣候變遷.臺灣準備》,台北:余紀忠文教基金會(2009)。
呂鴻光,《溫室氣體之衝擊與對策-我國之影響與因應措施》,台北:財團法人孫運璿學術基金會(2003)。
林俊義、楊純明主編,《氣候變遷對農作物生產之影響》,台中:臺灣省農業試驗所(1998)。
林碧炤,《國際政治與外交政策》,台北:五南(2006 二版六刷)。
唐風,《新糧食戰爭》,台北:大地出版社(2009)。
徐祥民等著,《國際環境法基本原則研究》,北京:中國環境科學出版社(2008)。
張亞中主編,《國際關係總論》,台北:揚智(2007二版)。
葉欣誠,《抗暖化關鍵報告:台灣面對暖化新世界的6大核心關鍵》,台北:新自然主義(2010)。
葉俊榮,《全球環境議題-臺灣觀點》,台北:巨流(1999)。
楊興,《氣候變化框架公約研究-國際法與比較法的視角》,北京:中國法制(2007)。
資源問題研究會,劉宗德譯,《世界資源真相和你想的不一樣》,台北,大是文化(2009)。
劉燕華主編,,《適應氣候變化-東亞峰會成員國的戰略、政策與行動》,北京:科學出版社(2009)。

二、期刊文獻

王京明,〈聯合國氣候變遷調適政策與發展〉,《環境工程會刊》,第20 卷第3期,中華民國環境工程學會(2009)。
中華經濟研究院,〈聯合國氣候變遷調適政策綱要工作手冊〉,《中華經濟研究院》,能源環境研究中心(2008)。
石信智,〈國外溫室氣體排放交易活動與國內規劃現況〉,《永續產業發展》,第34期,經濟部工業局(2007)。
申雍,〈台灣地區農業部門受全球氣候暖化之影響及調適策略〉,《環境工程會刊》,第18卷第3期,中華民國環境工程學會(2007)。
宋永徵,〈淺談2007年EU能源政策藍圖〉,《能源報導》,經濟部能源局(2007)。
李河清,〈知識社群與全球氣候談判〉,《問題與研究》,第43卷第6期,國家政策研究基金會(2004)。
李河清,〈IPCC第四次評估報告-第二工作小組-第十七章:因應暖化之措施、方針、限制與能力評估〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第58期,臺大全球變遷研究中心(2008)。
李河清、譚偉恩,〈IPCC第四次評估報告-第二工作小組-第十八章:適應與減緩〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第58期,臺大全球變遷研究中心(2008)。
李堅明,〈建立符合國際潮流與產業永續發展之溫室氣體減量政策〉,《永續產業發展》,第34期,經濟部工業局(2007)。
李崇僖,〈有機農業的法政策課題〉,《律師雜誌》,第345期,台北律師公會(2008)。
吳立華,〈2003-2008年異常氣候事件/現象整理〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第57期,臺大全球變遷研究中心(2008)。
吳東傑,〈有機農業的深層價值〉,《律師雜誌》,第345期,台北律師公會(2008)。
吳珮瑛,〈IPCC第四次評估報告-第二工作小組-第二十章:氣候變遷與永續發展的展望〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第58期,臺大全球變遷研究中心(2008)。
周佳,〈IPCC 第一工作分組之第四次評估報告-科學基礎,第九章「瞭解氣候變遷及其原因」〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第55期,臺大全球變遷研究中心(2007)。
林淑華,〈IPCC第四次評估報告-第二工作小組-第十章:亞洲氣候變遷衝擊分析〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第58期,臺大全球變遷研究中心(2008)。
柳中明,〈全球氣候變遷之衝擊與調適策略探討〉,《科技發展政策報導》,財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心(2008)。
柳中明等,〈台灣氣候變遷趨勢、衝擊、脆弱度評估與調適措施之現況認知報告〉,臺灣大學全球變遷研究中心(2009)。
施文真,〈國際環境公約下之處理不遵約機制〉,《台灣國際法季刊》,第3卷第4期,台灣國際法學會(2006)。
陳守泓、姚銘輝、申雍,〈氣候變遷對台灣地區糧食安全之衝擊與因應對策〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第46期,臺灣大學全球變遷研究中心(2005)。
黃宗煌,〈訂定溫室氣體減量目標的省思〉,《碳經濟月刊》,第2期,行政院經濟建設委員會(2006)。
黃漢華,〈荷蘭氣候變遷調適學〉,《遠見雜誌》,第282期(2009)。
郭彥廉,〈聯合國發展規劃署氣候變遷調適策略綱領與其應用〉,《經社法制論叢》,第42期,行政院經濟建設委員會(2008)。
郭博堯,〈美國溫室氣體管制政策走向〉,《國政研究報告》,國家政策研究基金會(2005)。
張亞中,〈全球治理:主體與權力的解析〉,《問題與研究》,第40 卷第4 期,國家政策研究基金會(2001)。
彭昱融,〈法令開了炒地皮大門〉,《天下雜誌雙週刊》,第420期,天下雜誌(2009)。
楊純明,〈全球氣候變遷對農作物生產之潛在影響〉,《中華民國雜草學會會刊》,第28卷第1期,中華民國雜草學會(2007)。
楊純明,〈減降農作生產排放溫室氣體對策之淺見〉,《作物、環境與生物資訊》,第5期,行政院農委會(2008)。
楊純明,〈精準農業─引領農業永續之正途〉,《作物、環境與生物資訊》,第5期,行政院農委會(2008)。
楊純明,〈氣候變遷與糧食生產〉,《作物、環境與生物資訊》,第6期,行政院農委會(2009)。
趙家緯、謝雯凱,〈台灣氣候變遷政策的回顧與展望〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第56期,臺大全球變遷研究中心(2007)。
賴宇松,〈國際環境公約確保義務履行機制初探〉,《台灣國際法季刊》,第3卷第4期,台灣國際法學會(2006)。
盧虎生,〈IPCC第四次評估報告-第二工作小組-第五章:全球暖化對糧食、漁業及森林產業之影響〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第58期,臺大全球變遷研究中心(2008)。
蕭代基,〈京都議定書生效一週年的省思:推動台灣溫室氣體排放減量的策略〉,《碳經濟月刊》,創刊號,行政院經濟建設委員會(2006)。
蕭富元,〈全球暖化-台灣不願面對的真相〉,《天下雜誌雙週刊》,第369期,天下雜誌(2007)。
羅時芳,〈美國因應全球氣候變遷之立場與策略〉,《經濟前瞻》,第105期,中華經濟研究院(2006)。
蘇義淵,〈聯合國氣候變化綱要公約之財務支援機制:全球環境機構〉,《 科技法學評論》,第6卷第1期,交通大學科技法律研究所(2009)。

三、研究報告

申永順,〈氣候變遷-減緩及調適:國際溫室氣體調適議題之風險分析模式與策略評估〉,《財團法人中技社》,財團法人中技社(2008)。
李河清,〈區域氣候變遷模擬系統之整合與應用-子計畫九:氣候變遷整合評估:從氣候科學到氣候政策(III)〉,《行政院國家科學委員會》,NSC-92-2621-Z-033-002,行政院國家科學委員會(2004/6)。
李堅明等,〈近10 年來溫室氣體減量經驗及相關政策成效之檢討〉,《行政院經濟建設委員會》,國立台北大學(2006)。
胡文正、蔡妙珊,〈聯合國氣候變化綱要公約整體因應策略研析(二)〉,《行政院環境保護署專案工作計畫》,期末報告,行政院環境保護署(2008)。
柳中明、蕭代基主編,〈國家通訊報告-氣候變遷趨勢、衝擊、脆弱度評估與調適措施〉,《行政院環境保護署》,第六版,環境保護署(2009)。
柳中明等,〈我國「全球氣候變遷長期評估與衝擊調適策略之整體綱要計畫」草案建議〉,《財團法人國土規劃及不動產管理中心》,財團法人國土規劃及不動產管理中心(2009)。
蕭代基、王京明等,〈氣候變遷調適政策藍圖之研議—台灣氣候變遷調適政策綱要架構〉,《財團法人中技社》,中華經濟研究院能源與環境研究中心(2008)。
顧洋、申永順,〈因應地球溫暖化我國調適策略之探討〉,《行政院經濟建設委員會》,行政院經濟建設委員會(2007)。

四、學位論文

王皓正,《永續發展趨勢下全球氣候變遷議題之法律問題研究》,東吳大學法律學系研究所碩士論文(2001)。
宋書帆,《論我國應有之溫室氣體減量法制》,清華大學科技法律研究所碩士論文(2007)。
林宜蒓,《國際氣候合作建制形成之研究─以「京都議定書」為例》,中興大學國際政治研究所碩士論文(2007)。
宮文祥,《環境保護規範手段之研究-以溫室效應公約內國法化為例》,臺北大學法學系研究所碩士論文(2004)。
章佩如,《氣候變遷對農地影響之研究-以稻作適宜性為例》,臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系碩士論文(2008)。
莊紘愷,《自永續發展之理念論我國推行碳排放權交易所須建立之法律制度》,清華大學科技法律研究所碩士論文(2008)。
詹岡瑋,《歐洲聯盟與美國落實防治氣候變遷政策之比較探討》,中興大學國際政治研究所碩士論文(2008)。
譚佩沛,《論聯合國氣候變遷綱要公約的國際環保策略與法制規範》,海洋大學海洋法律研究所碩士論文(2005)。

五、網路資源

OPEN政府出版資料回應網,http://open.nat.gov.tw/
中華民國行政院經濟部,http://www.moea.gov.tw/
中華民國環境工程學會,http://cienve.ev.ncu.edu.tw/
中華民國行政院環境保護署,http://www.epa.gov.tw/
中華人民共和國國家發展委員會,http://www.sdpc.gov.cn/
中國應對氣候變化信息網,http://www.ccchina.gov.cn/cn/index.asp
台灣氣候變遷調適平台:http://climate.cier.edu.tw/index.asp
台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心,http://e-info.org.tw/
低碳生活部落格,http://lowestc.blogspot.com/
和平論壇,http://www.peaceforum.org.tw/
科景網站,http://www.sciscape.org/news_detail.php?news_id=2172
財團法人中技社,http://www.ctci.org.tw/ct.asp?xItem=2350&ctNode=413
國立臺灣大學全球變遷研究中心:http://www.gcc.ntu.edu.tw/
國際政策基金會,http://www.npf.org.tw/
臺灣因應聯合國氣候變化綱要公約資訊網,http://www.tri.org.tw/unfccc/Unfccc/UNFCCC02.htm
環境品質文教基金會,http://www.envi.org.tw/
聯合國氣候變化綱要公約資訊網,http://sd.erl.itri.org.tw/fccc/index.htm

貳、英文部分

一、專書

Asia Development Bank, THE ECONOMICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, Manila: Asia Development Bank (2009).
Asia Development Bank, UNDERSTANDING AND RESPONDING TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN DEVELOPING ASIA, Manila: Asia Development Bank (2009).
AXELROD, REGINA S., DAVID LEONARD DOWNIE & NORMAN J. VIG, eds., THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT: INSTITUTIONS, LAW, AND POLICY, 2nd ed., Washington, D.C., CQ Press (2005).
BALS, CHRISTOPH et al., CLIMATE CHANGE, FOOD SECURITY AND THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD, Bonn/Berlin: Germanwatch (2008).
BELL, STUART & DONALD MCGILLIVRAY, ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, 7th ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press (2008).
BIRNIE, PATRICIA & ALAN BOYLE, INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE ENVIRONMENT, 3rd ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press (2009).
BODANSKY, DANIEL, JUTTA BRUNNEE & ELLEN HEY, THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2007).
BOLIN, BERT, A HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE AND POLITICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: THE ROLE OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE, Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press (2007).
BREITMEIER, HELMUT, ORAN R. YOUNG & MICHAEL ZÜRN, eds., ANALYZING INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL REGIMES: FROM CASE STUDY TO DATABASE, Cambridge: MIT Press (2006).
BROWNLIE, IAN, PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW, 7th ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press (2008).
CAMERON, PETER & DONALD N. ZILLMAN, eds., KYOTO: FROM PRINCIPLES TO PRACTICE, The Hague, Kluwer Law International (2001).
CARSON, RACHEL, SILENT SPRING (with an introduction by Vice President AL Gore), New York: Houghton Mifflin Company (1994).
CHAMBERS, W.B., INTERLINKAGES AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS, New York: United Nations University Press (2008).
CHASEK, PAMELA, EARTH NEGOTIATION: ANALYZING THIRTY YEARS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DIPLOMACY. New York: United Nations University Press (2001).
CHASEK, PAMELA, DAVID L. DOWNIE & JANET WELSH BROWN, GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS, 4th ed., Boulder: Westview Press (2006).
CHENG, BIN, GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF LAW AS APPLIED BY INTERNATIONAL COURTS AND TRIBUNALS, Rep. ed., Cambridge﹕Cambridge University Press (1993).
CHURCHILL, ROBIN & DAVID FREESTONE, eds., INTERNATIONAL LAW AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE, London: Graham & Trotman (1991).
CLAUSSEN, EILEEN, ed., CLIMATE CHANGE: SCIENCE, STRATEGIES, & SOLUTIONS. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers (2001).
CONCA, KEN & GEOFFREY DABELKO, eds., GREEN PLANET BLUES: ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS FROM STOCKHOLM TO JOHANNESBURG, 3rd ed., Boulder: Westview Press (2004).
DE SADELEER, NICOLAS, ENVIRONMENTAL PRINCIPLES: FROM POLITICAL SLOGANS TO LEGAL RULES, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2002).
DICKENS, CHARLES, A TALE OF TWO CITIES, New York: Bantam Books (1989).
DOELLE, MEINHARD, FROM HOT AIR TO ACTION: CLIMATE CHANGE, COMPLIANCE AND THE FUTURE OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, Toronto: Thomson Carswell (2005).
DOUMA, W.TH., L. MASSAI & M. MONTINI, eds., THE KYOTO PROTOCOL AND BEYOND: LEGAL AND POLICY CHALLENGES OF CLIMATE CHANGE, The Hague: Asser Press (2007).
DRENNEN, THOMAS & KAISER, HARRY, AGRICULTURAL DIMENSIONS OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE, Delray Beach: Lucie Press (1993).
DUNNE, TIM, MILJA KURKI & STEVE SMITH, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORIES – DISCIPLINE AND DIVERSITY, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2006).
Environmental Law Institute, REPORTING ON CLIMATE CHANGE: UNDERSTANDING THE SCIENCE, 3rd ed., Washington, D.C.: Environmental Law Institute (2003).
European Commission, COMBATING CLIMATE CHANGE: THE EU LEADS THE WAY. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities (2007).
FITZMAURICE, MALGOSIA, CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (2009).
German Advisory Council on Global Change, CLIMATE CHANGE AS A SECURITY RISK. London: Earthscan (2008).
GERRARD, MICHAEL B., ed., GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE AND U.S. LAW, Chicago: American Bar Association (2007).
GIDDENS, Anthony, THE POLITICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE, Cambridge/Malden, MA: Polity Press (2009).
GORE, AL, AN INCONVENIENT TRUTH: THE PLANETARY EMERGENCY OF GLOBAL WARMING AND WHAT WE CAN DO ABOUT IT, New York: Rodale Books (2006).
GORE, AL, EARTH IN THE BALANCE: ECOLOGY AND THE HUMAN SPIRIT, New York: Rodale Books (2006).
GUPTA, JOVEETA, THE CLIMATE CHANGE CONVENTION AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: FROM CONFLICT TO CONSENSUS, The Netherlands: Kluwer Acadamic Publishers (1997).
HUNTER, DAVID, JAMES SALZMAN & DURWOOD ZAELKE, INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND POLICY, 3rd ed., New York: Foundation Press (2006).
Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC: RE-UNITING CLIMATE CHANGE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Kanagawa: IGES (2006).
LAL, RATTAN et al., eds., CLIMATE CHANGE AND GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY, Boca Raton: CRC Press (2005).
LIM, BO & ERIKA SPANGER-SIEGFRIED, eds., ADAPTATION POLICY FRAMEWORKS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE: DEVELOPING STRATEGIES, POLICIES, AND MEASURES, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2004).
LIPSCHUTZ, RONNIE D., GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS: POWER, PERSPECTIVE AND PRACTICE, Washington, D.C.: CQ Press (2004).
LOBELL, DAVID & MARSHALL BURKE, eds., CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD SECURITY: ADAPTING AGRICULTURE TO A WARMER WORLD (Advances in Global Change Research), New York: Springer (2009).
LOUKA, ELLI, INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW: FAIRNESS, EFFECTIVENESS, AND WORLD ORDER, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2006).
LOWE, A.V., INTERNATIONAL LAW, New York: Oxford University Press (2007).
METZ, BERT et al., eds., CLIMATE CHANGE 2007: MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE. CONTRIBUTION OF WORKING GROUP III TO THE FOURTH ASSESSMENT REPORT OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2007).
MIROVISTKAYA, NATALIA et al., eds., GUIDE TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY. Durham, NC: Duke University Press (2001).
PARRY, MARTIN et al., eds., CLIMATE CHANGE 2007: IMPACTS, ADAPTATION AND VULNERABILITY. CONTRIBUTION OF WORKING GROUP II TO THE FOURTH ASSESSMENT REPORT OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2007).
PINSTRUP-ANDERSEN, PER & CHENG, FUZHI et al., eds., CASE STUDIES IN FOOD POLICY FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: DOMESTIC POLICIES FOR MARKETS, PRODUCTION, AND ENVIRONMENT, New York: Cornell University Press (2009).
PINSTRUP-ANDERSEN, PER & CHENG, FUZHI et al., eds., CASE STUDIES IN FOOD POLICY FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: INSTITUTIONS AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE POLICIES, New York: Cornell University Press (2009).
SANDS, PHILIPPE, PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, 2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2003).
SCHLESINGER, MICHAEL et al., eds., HUMAN-INDUCED CLIMATE CHANGE: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY ASSESSMENT, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2007).
SCHRIJVER, N. & FRIEDL WEISS, eds., INTERNATIONAL LAW AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE, Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV (2004).
SHAW, MALCOLM, INTERNATIONAL LAW, 6th ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2008).
SMITH, ADAM, THE WEALTH OF NATIONS, revised ed., London: Penguin Books (1979).
SIMMA, BRUNO, ed., THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS﹕A COMMENTARY, 2nd ed., New York﹕Oxford University Press (2002).
SOLOMON, SUSAN et al., eds., CLIMATE CHANGE 2007: THE PHYSICAL SCIENCE BASIS. CONTRIBUTION OF WORKING GROUP I TO THE FOURTH ASSESSMENT REPORT OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2007).
STEPHENS, TIM, INTERNATIONAL COURTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2009).
STERN, NICHOLAS, THE ECONOMICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: THE STERN REVIEW, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2007).
The International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA), THE UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC) AND ITS KYOTO PROTOCOL-A GUIDE TO THE CLIMATE CHANGE NEGOTIATIONS. Lodon: IPIECA (2008).
The Worldwatch Institute, ed., STATE OF THE WORLD 2005: REDEFINING GLOBAL SECURITY (with a Foreword by Mikhail Gorbachev), New York: W. W. Norton & Company (2005).
The Worldwatch Institute, ed., STATE OF THE WORLD 2009: INTO A WARMING WORLD, New York: W. W. Norton & Company (2009).
Time, GLOBAL WARMING: THE CAUSES, THE PERILS, THE POLITICS - AND WHAT IT MEANS FOR YOU, New York: Time (2004).
United Nations Environmental Programme et al., ONE PLANET, MANY PEOPLE: ATLAS OF OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT, Nairobi: UNEP (2005).
WATSON, ROBERT, CLIMATE CHANGE 2001: SYNTHESIS REPORT, Contribution of Working Groups I, II, and III to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2001).
WATSON, R. T., DIXON, J. A. and HAMBURG, S. P., PROTECTING OUR PLANET, SECURING OUR FUTURE: LINKAGES AMONG GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND HUMAN NEEDS, Washington, D.C.: The World Bank (1998).
WEART, SPENCER, THE DISCOVERY OF GLOBAL WARMING-REVISED AND EXPANDED EDITION, Cambridge: Harvard University Press (2008).
WEISS, EDITH BROWN, ed., ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: NEW CHALLENGES AND DIMENSIONS, United Nations University Press (1992).
WEN S. CHERN, COLIN ANDRE CARTER & SHUN-YI SHEI, eds., FOOD SECURITY IN ASIA- ECONOMICS AND POLICIES, Cheltenham/Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing (2001).
World Commission on Environment and Development, OUR COMMON FUTURE, Oxford: Oxford University Press (1987).
YAMIN, FARHANA & JOANNA DEPLEDGE, THE INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE REGIME: A GUIDE TO RULES, INSTITUTIONS AND PROCEDURES, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2004).

二、期刊文獻

Ackerly, Brooke & Michael P. Vandenbergh, “Climate Change Justice”, 20 Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 553 (2008).
Adams, Todd, “Is There A Legal Future For Sustainable Development In Global Warming? Justice, Economics, And Protecting The Environment”, 16 Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 77 (2003).
Albrecht, Johan & Arts Bas., “Climate Policy Convergence In Europe: An Assessment Based On National Communications To The UNFCCC”, Vol. 12 No. 5. Journal of European Public Policy 885-902 (2005).
Ban Ki-moon, “How To Win The War On Global Warming-The Right War”, April 28, Time (2008).
Baumert, Kevin, “Participation Of Developing Countries In The International Climate Change Regime: Lessons For The Future”, 38 George Washington International Law Review 365 (2006).
Bodansky, Daniel, “The United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change: A Commentary”, 18 Yale Journal of International Law 451 (1993).
Brown, Molly & Christopher Funk, “Food Security Under Climate Change”, 319 Science 5863 (2008).
Clémençon, Raymond, “The Bali Road Map-A First Step On The Difficult Journey To A Post-Kyoto Protocol Agreement”, The Journal of Environment & Development, 17(1): 70-94 (2008).
Cooper, Richard, “International Approaches to Global Climate Change”, Working Paper 99–03, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University (1999).
French, Duncan, “Developing States and International Environmental Law: The Importance of Differentiated Responsibilities”, 49 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 35 (2000).
Limon, Marc, “Human Rights and Climate Change: Constructing a Case for Political Action”, 33 Harvard Environmental Law Review 439 (2009).
Lobell, David & Marshall Burke et al., “Prioritizing Climate Change Adaptation Needs For Food Security In 2030”, 319 Science 5863 (2008).
Grunwald, Michael, “The Clean Energy Myth-The Clean Energy Scam”, April 14, Time (2008).
Harris, Albert, “Derogating The Precautionary Principle”, 19 Villanova Environmental Law Journal 1 (2008).
Kahan, Joshua, “Preparing For The Day After Tomorrow: Frameworks For Climate Change Adapation”, 8 Sustainable Dev. L. & Pol'y 61 (2007).
Koh, Harold, “Why Do Nations Obey International Law?”, 106 Yale Law Journal 2599 (1997).
Kriebe, David l & Joel Tickner, “The Precautionary Principle and Public Health: Reenergizing Public Health Through Precaution.” 91 American J. Public Health 1351 (2001).
Marong, Alhaji B.M., “From Rio To Johannesburg: Reflections On The Role Of International Legal Norms In Sustainable Development”, 16 Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 21 (2003).
McGregor, Joann, “Climate Change and Involuntary Migration: Implications for Food Security”, Food Policy 19(2): 120-132 (1994).
Murkowski, Frank, 2000. “The Kyoto Protocol Is Not The Answer To Climate Change”, 37 Harvard Journal on Legislation 345 (2000).
Myers, Norman, “Environmental Refugees: An Emergent Security Issue”, Contribution to the 13th Economic Forum, EF.NGO/4/05, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (2005).
National Geographic, “Global Warming-Bulletins from A Warming World”, Vol. 206 No. 3, National Geographic Society (2004).
Nordhaus, Robert, “New Wine Into Old Bottles: The Feasibility Of Greenhouse Gas Regulation Under The Clean Air Act”, 15 New York University Environmental Law Journal 53 (2007).
Nordhaus, William, “Location Competition And The Environment: Should Countries Harmonize Their Environmental Policies”, No. 1079. Yale Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper (1994).
Pee, Jacqueline, “Climate Change Law: The Emergence Of A New Legal Discipline”, 32 Melbourne University Law Review 922 (2008).
Percival, Robert, “The Emergence Of Global Eniveronmental Law, 36 Ecology Law Quality 615 (2009).
Posner, Eric A. & Cass R. Sunstein, “Climate Change Justice”, 96 The Georgetown Law Journal 1565 (2008).
Rajamani, Lavanya, “The Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibility and the Balance of Commitments under the Climate Regime”, Review of European Community and International Environmental Law 9 (2): 120-131 (2000).
Sachs, Jeffery, “10 Ideas That Are Changing the World-Common Wealth”, March 24, Time (2008).
Silard, Stephen, “The Global Environment Facility: A New Development in International Law and Organization”, 28 George Washington Journal of International Law and Economics 607 (1995).
Smith, Barry & Mark W. Skinner, “Adaptation Options In Agriculture To Climate Change: A Typology”, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 7: 85-114 (2002).
Shih, Wen-Chen, “The Implementation Of The UN Framework Convention On Climate Change In A Non-Party State–Taiwan”, International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 2: 69-98 (2002).
Stone, Christopher, “Common but Differentiated Responsibilities in International Law”, 98 American Journal of International Law 276 (2004).
Takacs, David, “Carbon Into Gold: Forest Carbon Offests, Climate Change Adapation, And International Law”, 15 Hastings West-Northwest Journal of Environmental Law, Policy 39 (2009).
Tweenten, Luther, “The Economics of Global Food Security”, Review of Agricultural Economics 21(2): 473-488 (1999).
Wang, Xueman & Glenn Wiser, “The Implementation And Compliance Regimes Under The Climate Change Convention And Its Kyoto Protocol”, 11: 2, Review of European Community and International Environmental Law (2002).

三、國際公約

Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2005/2/16, U.N.T.S. 30822, 37 I.L.M. 22 (1998).
Statute of the International Court of Justice, 1945/6/26, 1005 U.N.T.S. 993 (1945).
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1994/3/21. 1771 U.N.T.S. 107, 31 I.L.M. 848 (1992).
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 1980/1/27, 1155 U.N.T.S. 331, 8 I.L.M. 679 (1969).

四、國際組織文件

歐洲聯盟決議

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, Brussels, COM/2005/0035, Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Winning the Battle Against Global Climate Change, {SEC(2005) 180} COM(2005) 35 final, (Fabuary 9, 2005).
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2005:0035:FIN:EN:PDF
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, Brussels, COM/2007/0002, Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Limiting Global Climate Change to 2 degrees Celsius The way ahead for 2020 and beyond, {SEC(2007) 7}, {SEC(2007) 8}, COM(2007) 2 final (January 10, 2007).
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2007:0002:FIN:EN:PDF
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, Brussels, COM/2009/0147, WHITE PAPER, Adapting to climate change: Towards a European framework for action, {SEC(2009) 386}, {SEC(2009) 387}, {SEC(2009) 388}, COM(2009) 147 final (April 1, 2009). http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2009:0147:FIN:EN:PDF
DECISION No 1600/2002/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 22 July 2002, Laying Down the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme, L 242/1 (September 10, 2002).
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2002:242:0001:0015:EN:PDF

聯合國決議

Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, 2006/11/6-14, 25th Sess., Report of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on its twenty-fifth session, Five-year Programme of Work on Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change, FCCC/SBSTA/2006/11 (February 1, 2007).
http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2006/sbsta/eng/11.pdf
Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, 2010/7/20-6/9, 32nd Sess., Item 3 of the provisional agenda Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change, Synthesis Report on Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Options of Adaptation Options, and Views on Lessons Learned, Good Practices, Gaps and Needs, FCCC/SBSTA/2010/3 (March 22, 2010).
http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2010/sbsta/eng/03.pdf
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 1992/6/3-14, Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, U. N. Doc. A/CONF.151/26 (Vol. I) (Auguest 12, 1992). http://www.un.org/documents/ga/conf151/aconf15126-1.htm
The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, 1972/6/5-16, Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment, U.N. Doc. A/CONF.48/14, 11 I.L.M. 1416 (June 16, 1972).
http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=97&ArticleID=1503&l=en
UNFCCC, Conference of the Parties, 1997/12/1-11, 3th Sess., Kyoto, Decision 9/CP.3, Development and Transfer of Technologies, FCCC/CP/1997/7/Add.1 (March 25, 1998). http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/cop3/07a01.pdf#page=39
UNFCCC, Conference of Parties, 1998/11/02-11/14, 4th Sess., Buenos Aires, Report of the Conference of the Parties on Its Fourth Session, Addendum, Part Two: Action Taken by the Conference of the Parties at Its Fourth Session, Dec. 2/CP.4, Additional Guidance to the Operating of the Entity of the Financial Mechanism, FCCC/CP/1998/16/Add.1 (Jan. 25, 1999). http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/cop4/16a01.pdf#page=4
UNFCCC, Conference of the Parties, 2001/10/29-11/10, 7th Sess., Marrakesh, Report of the Conference, Addendum, Part Two: Action Taken by the Conference of the Parties, Volume I, Decision 2/CP.1, Capacity building in developing countries (non-Annex I Parties) & Decision 7/CP.7, Funding under the Convention, FCCC/CP/2001/13/Add.1 (January 21, 2002). http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/cop7/13a01.pdf
UNFCCC, Conference of the Parties, 2001/10/29-11/10, 7th Sess., Marrakesh, Report of the Conference of the Parties, Addendum, Part Two: Action Taken by the Conference of the Parties, Volume IV, Decision 28/CP.7, Annex, Guidelines for the preparation of national adaptation programmes of action & Decision 29/CP.7, Establishment of a least developed countries expert group, FCCC/CP/2001/13/Add. 4 (January 21, 2002). http://www.ccsr.u-tokyo.ac.jp/unfccc3/pdfs/unfccc.int/resource/docs/cop7/13a04.pdf
UNFCCC, Conference of the Parties, 2002/10/23-11/1, 8th Sess., New Delhi, Report of the Conference of the Parties, Addendum, Part Two: Action Taken by the Conference of the Parties, Dec. 17/CP.8, Guidelines for the preparation on national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention, FCCC/CP/2002/7/Add. 2 (March 28, 2003). http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/cop8/07a02.pdf
UNFCCC, Conference of the Parties, 2004/12/6-14, 10th Sess., Decision 1/CP.10 (Advance unedited version), Buenos Aires Programme of Work on Adaptation and Response Measures (December 14, 2004).
http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_10/adopted_decisions/application/pdf/01_cp_l_16.pdf
UNFCCC, Conference of the Parties, 2007/12/3-15, 13th Sess., Bali, Report of the Conference of the Parties, addendum, Part Two: Action taken by the conference of the Parties, Decision 1/CP.13, Bali Action Plan, FCCC/CP/2007/6/Add.1* (March 14, 2008). http://www.unisdr.org/eng/risk-reduction/climate-change/docs/Bali-Action-plan.pdf
UNFCCC, Conference of the Parties, 2009/12/7-19, 15th Sess., Decision -/CP.15 (Advance unedited version), The Conference of the Parties, Takes note of the Copenhagen Accord of 18 December 2009 (December 19, 2009).
http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_15/application/pdf/cop15_cph_auv.pdf

聯合國文件

El-Hinnawi, Essam, “Environmental Refugees”, Nairobi: UNEP (1985).
FAO, High-Level Conference on World Food Security: Soaring Food Prices: Facts, Perspectives, Impacts and Actions Required, HLC/08/INF/1. & Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation: Challenges and Opportunities for Food Security, HLC/08/INF/2. & The Challenges of Climate Change and Bioenergy, HLC/08/INF/6. & Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the Food and Agriculture Sector, HLC/08/BAK/1. Rome: FAO (2008).
FAO, Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in Asia and the Pacific, APRC/04/INF/9. Rome: FAO (2004).
FAO, Low Greenhouse Gas Agriculture: Mitigation and Adaptation Potential of Sustainable Farming Systems. Rome: FAO (2009)
FAO, Profile for Climate Change. Rome: FAO (2009).
FAO, Submission to UNFCCC AWG LCA, Enabling Agriculture to Contribute to Climate Change. Rome: FAO (2009).
Fischer, G‥unther et al., Global Agro-ecological Assessment for Agriculture in the 21st Century: Methodology and Results. Laxenburg: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis & Rome: FAO (2002).
Interdepartmental Working Group on Climate Change, Climate Change and Food Security - A Framework Document. Rome: FAO (2008).
Interdepartmental Working Group on Climate Change, Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries: Perspective, Framework and Priorities. Rome: FAO (2007).
IPCC, Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Geneva: IPCC (2007).
United Nations Commission on Human Security, Human Security Now: Commission on Human Security. New York: United Nations Commission on Human Security (2003).
UNDP, Human Development Report 1994. New York: UNDP (1994).
UNDP, Human Development Report 2007/2008 - Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in a Divided World. New York: UNDP (2007).
UNDP, Adaptation to Climate Change: the New Challenge for Development in the Developing World. New York: UNDP (2008).
UNFCCC, Adaptation to Climate Change: Options and Technologies: An Overview Paper, FCCC/TP/1997/3. Amsterdam: Institute for Environmental Studies (1997).
UNFCCC, Compendium of Decision Tools to Evaluate Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change. Bonn: UNFCCC Secretariat (1999).
UNFCCC, Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change. Bonn: UNFCCC Secretariat (2006).
UNFCCC, Climate Change: Impacts, Vulnerabilities and Adaptation in Developing Countries. Bonn: UNFCCC Secretariat (2007).
UNFCCC, Compendium on Methods and Tools to Evaluate Impacts of, Vulnerability and Adaptation to, Climate Change. Bonn: UNFCCC Secretariat (2008).
UNFCCC, Fact Sheet: The Need for Adaptation. Bonn: UNFCCC Secretariat (2009).

五、網路資源

Assessment of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change,www.aiaccproject.org
Association of Southeast Asian Nations,http://www.aseansec.org/
BBC News,http://news.bbc.co.uk/
Climate Change 2007 Synthesis Report,http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/ar4-wg3.htm
Environment News Service, http://www.ens-newswire.com/
EUROPA-European Commission-Environment-Climate Change, http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/adaptation/index_en.htm
European Environment Agency-Information for improving Europe's environment,
http://themes.eea.europa.eu/Environmental_issues/climate
European NAvigator, http://www.ena.lu/mce.cfm
European Policy Studies,http://www.ceps.be/Default.php
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,http://www.fao.org/
G8 Summit-Heiligendamm,http://www.g-8.de/Webs/G8/EN/Homepage/home.html
G8 Summit-Hokkaido Toyako,http://www.g8summit.go.jp/eng/index.html
G8 Summit-L'Aquila,
http://www.g8italia2009.it/G8/G8-G8_Layout_locale-1199882116809_Home.htm
Global Environmental Information Centre,http://geic.hq.unu.edu/index.cfm
Guardian United,http://environment.guardian.co.uk/climatechange/
International Court of Justice,http://www.icj-cij.org/homepage/index.php?lang=en
National Geographic,http://www.nationalgeographic.com/
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights,http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Pages/WelcomePage.aspx
Review of European Community and International Environmental Law,http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0962-8797
Pew Center on Global Climate Change,http://www.pewclimate.org/
The European Parliament,http://www.europarl.europa.eu
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,http://www.ipcc.ch/
The Environment and U.S. Foreign Policy,
http://www.state.gov/www/global/oes/earth.html
The U.S. White House,http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/
Time,http://www.time.com/time/
U.S. Energy Information Administration-Offical Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government. http://www.eia.doe.gov/
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,http://www.epa.gov/
U.S. Global Chang Research Program. http://www.usgcrp.gov/
United Nations,http://www.un.org/english/
United Nations Development Programme,http://www.undp.org/
United Nations Environment Programme,http://www.unep.org/dec/links/index.html
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change,http://unfccc.int/2860.php/
United Nations Human Rights Council,
http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/
United Nations Treaty Collection,http://treaties.un.org/Pages/Home.aspx?lang=en
World Meteorological Organization,http://www.wmo.int/pages/index_en.html
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6. 趙家緯、謝雯凱,〈台灣氣候變遷政策的回顧與展望〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,第56期,臺大全球變遷研究中心(2007)。
7. 楊純明,〈減降農作生產排放溫室氣體對策之淺見〉,《作物、環境與生物資訊》,第5期,行政院農委會(2008)。
8. 楊純明,〈氣候變遷與糧食生產〉,《作物、環境與生物資訊》,第6期,行政院農委會(2009)。
9. 楊純明,〈全球氣候變遷對農作物生產之潛在影響〉,《中華民國雜草學會會刊》,第28卷第1期,中華民國雜草學會(2007)。
10. 張亞中,〈全球治理:主體與權力的解析〉,《問題與研究》,第40 卷第4 期,國家政策研究基金會(2001)。
11. 郭彥廉,〈聯合國發展規劃署氣候變遷調適策略綱領與其應用〉,《經社法制論叢》,第42期,行政院經濟建設委員會(2008)。
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