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研究生:楊亦喬
研究生(外文):Yi-Chiao Yang
論文名稱:主、次團體突顯性對內團體偏私的影響─相對剝奪感之調節效果
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Group Salience on In-group Favouritism:Moderation of Relative Deprivation
指導教授:顏志龍顏志龍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Long Yen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學政治作戰學院
系所名稱:心理碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:剝奪感效果主交互作用多元認同正/負向情感義務知覺特質評定外團體拒斥效果方式
外文關鍵詞:diversity identityPositive and Negative Affectobligationtrait evaluationout-group derogation
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本研究從社會認同理論(social identity theory)及自我類別理論(self-categorization theory) 的基本概念出發,探討團體突顯性與內團體偏私間的關係是否會受到相對剝奪感(Relative Deprivation)的調節而有所不同。團體突顯性指的是由於某些線索的提醒,使人們的某些內團體認同特別突顯。在一個主團體中,可能包含了數個次團體,當個體認同於其次團體時,會對此一次團體產生偏私,並對其它次團體拒斥;但當個體認同於主團體時,會將其它次團體(與自己同屬此主團體)視為內團體,而降低了其對自身次團體的偏私。此外,「相對剝奪感」指的是在團體間比較或衝突下產生的負面感受,相對剝奪感提高時將會增高內團體偏私情形。因此,本研究旨在探討「相對剝奪感」對「主、次團體突顯性」與「內團體偏私」間關係的調節效果。本研究包含兩個實驗:實驗一(N = 82)採2(主∕次團體突顯性)×2(相對剝奪感高∕低)完全受試者間設計,操弄團體突顯性與相對剝奪感,繼之測量內團體偏私(內團體特質評定、外團體特質評定)。實驗二( N = 88)之程序同實驗一,但相對剝奪感改採測量而非操弄方式,並增加酬賞分配的測量作為依變項。研究結果顯示團體突顯性對內團體偏私的主要效果均不顯著,相對剝奪感與主、次團體突顯性對內團體偏私的交互作用亦不顯著。但相對剝奪感對內團體偏私間有主要效果,相對剝奪感愈高者,其內團體偏私傾向亦愈高。
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the the effects of group salience and relative deprivation on in-group favouritism. In Experiments 1, 82 subjects were randomly assigned to either of 2 (group salience: Superordinate /Subordinate group) x 2 (relative deprivation: High / Low) conditions and measured their tendencies of in-group favouritism, including their evaluation toward both in-group and out-group members. Procedure of Experiment 2 (N = 88) was similar to that of Experiment 1, except that subjects’ feelings of relative deprivation were measured (rather than manipulated) and a rewards assignment task was included as an additional dependent variable. The results indicated that: (1) No any significant effect was found, except that (2) relative deprivation has a significant effect on in-group favouritism, suggesting a positive relationship between relative deprivation and in-group favourism.
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 團體突顯性 4
第二節 團體突顯性與內團體偏私 6
第三節 主、次團體突顯性對內團體偏私的影響 8
第四節 相對剝奪感的調節效果 11
第五節 研究摘述 14
第三章 研究一 16
第一節 研究方法 16
第二節 研究結果 23
第三節 研究討論 28
第四章 研究二 30
第一節 研究方法 31
第二節 研究結果 37
第五章 綜合討論 41
第一節 研究結果摘述 41
第二節 綜合結果討論 42
第三節 研究限制與建議 48
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