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研究生:黃瀞葶
研究生(外文):Ching-Ting Huang
論文名稱:核心競爭力四大指標檢驗技專校院學生就業力指標系統─業界資源基礎理論為觀點
論文名稱(外文):An Examination of Four Core-Competitiveness Criterions for Technical College Students to their students’ employment rates: the Resource-based Theory (RBT) Perspective
指導教授:陳清燿陳清燿引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:樹德科技大學
系所名稱:經營管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:資源基礎理論人力資源核心競爭力產學交流就業率
外文關鍵詞:resource-based theoryhuman resourcescore competitivenessacademic and industrial collaborationemployment rate
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21世紀初就業市場的供需間產生極大的變化,在美國次級房貸風暴後,接踵而來2008年9月之後演變成全球性的金融風暴。同年,並受到雷曼兄弟宣佈破產,美國政府接管房利美(Fannie Mae)與房地美(Freddie Mac),並受到雷曼兄弟宣佈破產,美國主要的房貸業者、投資銀行及保險集團惡化擴散,金融風暴更是席捲全球,舉凡冰島、杜拜及希臘皆此影響。此經濟動盪亦反應在台灣就業市場的供需上,2008年上半年失業率為3.87%,下半年增加至4.42%,2009年上半年達到5.73%,下半年更是突破至5.85%。在勞動就業市場供給條件固定不變之下,台灣的失業率大幅提高,這說明產業界勞動市場需求正在逐漸改變中,亦說明產業界對勞動市場人力資源的需求,開始出現鎖定具有特定的偏好選擇。針對此全球金融風暴現象下的人力資源供需,本研究以業界資源基礎理論為觀點,運用信、效度及階層複迴歸(MHR)分析,發現當學界教師培養的學生人力資源之基礎與專業競爭能力能滿足業界對此學生人力資源的需求時,則此產、學界人力資源供需的配適便能反應於此學生的就業率上。歸納其原因,當考量人力資源核心競爭力應同時具備有創新力、學習能力及實務經驗能力時,唯在產學業交流下,透過學界教師與學生及業界經理人的雙向三方的齊力貢獻下,方能達成人力資源供需的配適。

The 21st century has been hailed as a time of tremendous change in the world of work. Given the accelerated rate and complexity of changes in the workplace, it is not surprising that there are a large empirical practices and growing literatures on the causes, consequences, and strategies of organizational change. For example, a global financial crisis was following by the “subprime mortgage” of the United States in September 2008. While at the time, Lehman Brothers was declared bankrupt, and thus the United States Government took over Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The major mortgage firms, investment banks, and insurance group in the United States have deteriorated seriously. The financial crisis finally spread out the whole world quickly from the United States to Iceland, Dubai and Greece. Along with this, The phenomena of economic unrest truly reacted on the employment market of Taiwan. The unemployment rate in the 1st and 2nd half of 2008 and 2009 were 3.87%, 4.42%, 5.73%, and 5.85%, respectively. While the supply conditions of the employees were fixed in the Taiwanese employment market, the raising unemployment rate presented the change need of human resource utilization toward firms’ productivity. Based on the evens already cited, this research conducts resource-based theory (RBT) as a viewpoint with multiple hierarchical regression (MHR) to expand the new findings by: when a student’s competence trained by the both particular programs of academic basic lower-level and professional upper-level, we suggest that the student enables in raising the employment rate. The rationale reason could be: when we consider the component of core competence as creative force, learning ability, and practical experience, the processes of the academic particular programs and the college-firm collaboration can help enhance the student from a labor force to human resource, increasing a employment rate based on a better contribution to firms.

中文摘要 V
英文摘要 VI
誌謝 VII
目錄 VIII
表目錄 X
圖目錄 XI

第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究動機 2
1.3研究目的 5

第二章 文獻回顧、假設與發展 6
2.1資源基礎理論 6
2.2 產學交流與核心競爭力 7
2.2.1 產學交流 7
2.2.2 核心競爭力 10
2.3 人力資源 13
2.3.1學界對學生人力資源供給層面 14
2.3.2業界對學生人力資源的需求能力層面 15
2.4 研究假設 16
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第三章 研究設計 33
3.1抽樣與問卷統計 33
3.2 構面上操作性定義 36
3.3 問卷、信度與效度 38
3.3.1業界對學生人力資源所需之基礎與專業能力 38
3.3.2學界提供學生人力資源之基礎與專業競爭能力 41
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第肆章 實證分析 44
4.1 相關分析 44
4.1.1業界人力需求下學生人力資源之基礎能力與專業能力相關分析 44
4.1.2學界教師提供學生人力資源之基礎能力與專業能力相關分析 44
4.2 階層複迴歸分析 47

第五章 討論與結論 49
5.1 研究探討與理論建議 49
5.1.1 研究探討 49
5.1.2 理論貢獻 50
5.2 研究新發現 54
5.2.1學界觀點 55
5.2.2業界觀點 55
5.3 研究貢獻 55
5.3.1 實務貢獻 56
5.4未來研究建議 57

參考文獻 58

附錄一:人力資源 65
附錄二:競爭優勢 71
附錄三:學習能力 76


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