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研究生:李琦鳳
研究生(外文):Chi-feng Li
論文名稱:應徵者外表吸引力及自我概念對面試表現影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Applicant Physical Attractiveness andSelf-Concept on Job Interview Performance
指導教授:黃經智黃經智引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南台科技大學
系所名稱:商管專業學院
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:外表吸引力自我概念職務取向行為表現面試表現
外文關鍵詞:physical attractivenessself- conceptjob typebehaviorinterview performance
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近年來影響到面談表現的因素已成為許多學者研究的焦點。本研究所要知道應徵
者的外表吸引力和其所產生的自我概念,是否會正向或負向地影響到面試表現;本研
究彙整過去學者的看法,及延伸自我的想法。針對在面試情境中,職務取向符合程度的
調節效果、及行為表現符合程度的中介效果,影響到面試的表現。本研究採用問卷調
查法,以有應徵經驗者為研究對象。本研究計發出600份問卷,回收490份,無效問卷
為33份,有效問卷為457份。
本研究主要運用信度分析、描述性統計分析、差異性分析、皮爾森相關分析及迴歸
分析等統計分析方法,並採SPSS 統計軟體為統計分析工具。主要研究結果如下:
當自我概念愈高,應徵者的外表吸引力與面試表現之間有顯著影響。且當職務人格
取向符合程度愈高,應徵者的外表吸引力與自我概念之間有部份顯著影響。此外,當應
徵者在面試時,適當得使用行為表現,亦會使外表吸引力與面試表現之間有顯著影響。
本研究由分析彙整後獲得之結果,作成結論提供企業實務參考以及未來研究建議。
Influencing the factors for the interview performance already becomes the focus that
many scholars have studied in recent years. This study wants to know whether the applicant
physical attractiveness and whose self-Concept can influence the interview performance
positively or negatively; This study gathers the scholars’ views and extends the self-ideas. To
in the interviews , the moderating roles of job types and behaviors influence the interview
performance. This study was used questionnaires to the people who had interview experiences.
In this study, there are 600 questionnaires and 490 were recovered, 33 invalid questionnaires,
and 457 copies of valid questionnaires.
In this study, we use the reliability analysis, descriptive statistical analysis, difference
analysis, Pearson correlation analysis and regression analysis methods such as statistical
analysis and mining SPSS statistical software for statistical analysis tools. The Main
Researches are as follows:
When someone’s self-concept has increased, the applicant’s physical attractiveness and
the interview performance are significantly realted to between the parts.And when the
personalities accord with the job types highly, the applicant’s physical attractiveness and
whose self-concept are some significant effect. Furthermore, when the applicant use the
behaviors appropriately, it also makes the applicant’s physical attractiveness and the interview
performance some significant effect.
By the analysis of this study, it was to aggregate the results and make conclusions related
to companies as well as the practical reference to the recommendations for future research.
摘 要-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- iii
ABSTRACT-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- v
誌 謝--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- vi
目 錄--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- vii
表 目 錄-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- x
圖 目 錄-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- xi
第一章 緒論---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1.1 研究背景與動機------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
1.2 研究目的--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5
1.3 論文架構--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6
第二章 文獻探討---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
2.1 外表吸引力-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
2.1.1 外表吸引力定義-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
2.1.2 美貌刻板印象----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9
2.1.3 外表吸引力的負面影響----------------------------------------------------------------------------12
2.2 職務性別取向及職務人格取向-----------------------------------------------------------------------14
2.2.1 職務性別取向----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14
2.2.2 人格特質-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------17
2.2.3 五大人格特質-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20
2.3 自我概念--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21
2.3.1 自我概念的定義--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21
2.3.2 自我概念的內涵--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------26
2.4 行為表現--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------34
2.4.1 印象管理戰術研究----------------------------------------------------------------------------------34
2.5 外表吸引力、自我概念和面試表現之間的關係--------------------------------------------------39
2.5.1 外表吸引力對面試表現的影響-------------------------------------------------------------------39
2.5.2 外表吸引力對自我概念的影響-------------------------------------------------------------------40
2.5.3 自我概念對面試表現的影響----------------------------------------------------------------------41
2.5.4 自我概念對外表吸引力及面試表現之中介影響-----------------------------------------------43
2.5.5 職務性別取向及職務人格取向對外表吸引力及自我概念之調節影響--------------------44
2.5.6 行為表現對自我概念及面試表現之中介影響--------------------------------------------------48
第三章 研究方法---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------52
3.1 研究架構--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------52
3.2 研究架構--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53
3.3 研究樣本--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------53
3.4 變項操作性定義與衡量工具--------------------------------------------------------------------------54
3.4.1 測量工具----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------54
3.4.2 構面變項操作性定義-------------------------------------------------------------------------------54
3.5 問卷設計--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------60
3.6 資料分析方法--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63
第四章 研究結果分析---------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
4.1 研究樣本結構分析--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
4.1.1 研究樣本----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
4.1.2 樣本結構分析----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------70
4.2 敘述性統計分析-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------71
4.2.1 外表吸引力-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------71
4.2.2 自我概念----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------72
4.2.3 行為表現----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------73
4.2.4 面試表現----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------74
4.3 因素分析、信度分析-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------74
4.3.1 外表吸引力-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------75
4.3.2 自我概念----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------76
4.3.3 行為表現----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------77
4.3.4 面試表現----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------78
4.4 Pearson 相關分析----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------79
4.4.1 個人屬性與各構面之相關分析-------------------------------------------------------------------79
4.4.2 面試表現、外表吸引力與自我概念之相關分析----------------------------------------------79
4.4.3 外表吸引力與各構面之相關分析----------------------------------------------------------------79
4.4.4 自我概念與各構面之相關分析-------------------------------------------------------------------80
4.5 差異性分析---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------81
4.5.1 個人屬性變項在外表吸引力的差異分析--------------------------------------------------------81
4.5.2 個人屬性變項在自我概念(能力)的差異分析---------------------------------------------------82
4.5.3 個人屬性變項在自我概念(社會)的差異分析----------------------------------------------------83
4.5.4 個人屬性變項在自我概念(表現)的差異分析----------------------------------------------------84
4.5.5 個人屬性變項在面試表現的差異分析------------------------------------------------------------85
4.6 迴歸分析----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------86
4.6.1 外表吸引力、自我概念與面試表現之關係-------------------------------------------------------87
4.6.2 職務性別取向、人格取向對外表吸引力與自我概念關係的調節效果----------------------90
4.6.3 自我概念、行為表現與面試表現之影響----------------------------------------------------------91
第五章結論與建議--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------94
5.1 實證結果之說明與討論---------------------------------------------------------------------------------94
5.1.1 差異性分析---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------95
5.1.2 Person 相關分析---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------96
5.1.3 迴歸分析結果------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------98
5.2 理論與實務意涵------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------100
5.3 研究限制---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------101
5.4 未來研究之建議------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------101
參考文獻---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------103
附錄:問卷----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------116
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