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研究生:詹佳琪
研究生(外文):Chia-Chi Chan
論文名稱:金融危機後南韓與香港的社會政策改革 --東亞福利模式結構轉變的檢證
指導教授:陳明芳陳明芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Fang Chen
口試委員:施世駿呂建德
口試委員(外文):Jen-Der Lue
口試日期:2011/07/28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:社會福利學系暨研究所
學門:社會服務學門
學類:社會工作學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:126
中文關鍵詞:東亞福利模式亞洲金融危機南韓香港社會政策重組
外文關鍵詞:East-Asian welfare modelthe Asian financial crisisSouth KoreaHong Kongsocial policy restructuring
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:101
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
隨著1990年代東亞小龍經濟體逐漸重視社會政策並擴張福利保障,相關研究議題也開始受到關注,其中包含早期針對單一國家特定社會政策發展的個案研究、建構東亞區域福利制度發展的理論與體制,及1990年代後各國社會政策改革之探究。晚近有許多文獻聚焦於各國政府為因應亞洲金融危機衝擊而進行一連串社會政策重組之歷程,並詴圖解答東亞福利模式是否產生結構轉變;然而,相關研究多以南韓為研究對象,難以推論至整個東亞福利模式的發展,且多採取單一政策分析,忽略社會政策改革具有擴張和緊縮並存的特色。

立基於上述之研究背景,本研究經由微視和鉅視兩個層次的觀點分析南韓和香港在金融危機後的社會政策發展,兼顧國家內部的運作和外部結構的轉變,回答東亞福利模式是否於1990年代晚期後產生結構轉變。首先以Mahoney和Thelen(2010)漸進式制度改革理論探討南韓和香港的社會政策重組歷程,分別關注兩國內部政治結構、福利制度本質特色與改革行動者之間的互動關係,分析並推論其社會政策改革樣貌及漸進式制度改革的模式。其次,透過統整東亞福利模式理論指陳的福利制度發展背景因素和社會政策特徵為檢證指標,分析1990年代早期至晚期東亞福利模式之結構轉變。

研究結果發現,南韓和香港後金融危機社會政策的發展分別呈現「加層化」和「漂流」的漸進式制度改革模式,且出現福利制度發展背景因素和社會政策特徵之轉變,唯獨香港在威權統治和經濟至上之理念仍維持早期之特色。透過微視和鉅視觀點的檢證可知,核心福利制度和政治結構的差異,導致東亞國家福利次體系之歧異性加劇,早期東亞福利模式之共同性逐漸消失,東亞福利模式一詞,已無法有效代表或解釋東亞各國之福利發展。由於東亞地區福利體系的發展尚未成熟,探討社會政策發展的相關理論在解釋南韓和香港的社會政策重組歷程,及定義福利體系之獨特性及福利體制類型化有其局限。

The East Asian countries have won widely attention among the scholars of comparative social policy after 1990s. Although many researches discussed the social policy restructuring in East Asia after the financial crisis of 1997-98 and attempted to answer whether the East Asian welfare model experienced structural change, most of them used single-case study approach and concentrated solely on South Korea. This resulted in the fact that the aforementioned research issues cannot be sufficiently explained.

By analyzing the social policy restructuring in South Korea and Hong Kong after the Asian Financial Crisis, this master thesis aims to answer whether the East Asian welfare model experienced structural change. This will be done with both micro and macro perspectives. Firstly, the author analyzes the social policy reform in both countries with the gradual institutional change theory developed by Mahoney & Thelen (2010). Secondly, by comparing the background factors and core social policy characteristics indicated in the existing East Asian welfare regime theories with those after the reform, the author will show the transformation of the East Asian welfare model.

Researches findings are as follows. Social policy reforms in South Korea and Hong Kong represented "Layering" and "Drift" respectively. Background factors and core social policy characteristics underpinned the welfare regime theory changed in both countries as well. With this development the sub-systems in the East Asian welfare regime represented by South Korea and Hong Kong respectively become more diverse. While the building of welfare systems in East Asian countries are not yet setting down, welfare typologies will be confronted with the problems caused by dynamic characters of social policy in East Asia.

第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究背景與文獻探討:東亞福利模式的特色與演變 1
第二節、研究議題與研究架構 7
第三節、研究方法 9

第二章、金融危機後南韓與香港的社會政策發展 12
第一節、南韓社會政策的發展 16
第二節、香港社會政策的發展 25

第三章、南韓與香港社會政策之漸進式制度改革模式 32
第一節、漸進式制度改革理論 32
第二節、南韓社會政策改革分析 40
第三節、香港社會政策改革分析 56
第四節、漸進式制度改革理論運用之反思 69

第四章、檢證東亞福利模式之結構轉變 72
第一節、東亞福利模式理論之內涵 72
第二節、南韓和香港福利制度發展因素與社會政策特徵之轉變 79
第三節、南韓與香港社會政策改革是否偏離東亞福利模式? 95

第五章、微視與鉅視之理論觀點相互檢證 100
第一節、次體系歧異加劇,東亞福利模式之終結? 100
第二節、研究之反思:尚未發展成熟之東亞地區 106
第三節、研究限制與未來研究建議 110

參考文獻 113

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