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研究生:楊政恭
研究生(外文):Yang, Jeng-Gung
論文名稱:雙向轉換器與直流供電系統整合研究
論文名稱(外文):Integration of Bi-directional Converter with DC-Microgrid Distribution System
指導教授:吳財福余國瑞余國瑞引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wu, Tsai-FuYu, Gwo-Ruey
口試委員:梁從主沈志隆吳財福余國瑞張淵智
口試委員(外文):Liang, Tsorng-JuuShen, Chih-LungWu, Tsai-FuYu, Gwo-RueyChang, Yuan-Chih
口試日期:2011-07-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:電機工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:雙向轉換器直流微電網
外文關鍵詞:Bi-directional ConverterDC-Microgrid
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本研究之主要目的為研製一部適用於直流供電系統之雙向轉換器,並與太陽能最大功率追蹤器及雙向換流器作系統整合。當系統操作在市電併聯模式(grid-tied mode)時,由市電端經雙向換流器對直流鏈負載作電力調節;而當系統操作在獨立運轉模式(stand-alone mode)時,則由電池端經雙向轉換器對直流鏈負載作電力調度。此系統具Labview人機介面的電腦監控功能,能隨時掌握各模組狀態,將各模組的運轉模式、運轉情形及即時發電量顯示在電腦監控介面上,供使用者參考。最後,本研究實際研製一部1.5 kW具返馳式緩振器之隔離型雙向轉換器,搭配鋰離子電池,與直流供電系統進行整合,以驗證此系統不論是在市電併聯或是獨立運轉模式下,皆具有對直流鏈負載作電力調節之能力。
This thesis presents a bi-directional converter integrated with maximum power point tracker and bi-directional inverter. When the system is operated in grid-tied mode, the bi-directional inverter takes responsibility to regulate the dc-bus voltage and balance the power flow between dc load and utility grid. When the system is operated in stand-alone mode, the bi-directional converter needs to balance the power between dc-bus and the battery. This integrated system includes a Labview human-machine interface, which can monitor the operation status, power flow direction and instantaneous power of each module. Finally, an isolated bi-directional converter with a flyback snubber was implemented and built, which is integrated with a dc-microgrid distribution system, to verify that this system has the capability to regulate the dc-bus voltage under grid-tied mode and stand-alone mode.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3 論文綱要 4
第二章 鋰離子電池特性、充電方法與充電器介紹 5
2.1 電池基本特性 5
2.2 充電方法 6
2.2.1 定電壓充電法 6
2.2.2 定電流充電法 6
2.2.3 混合式定電流/定電壓充電法 7
2.2.4 脈衝式充電法 8
2.2.5 ReflexTM充電法 8
2.3 雙向轉換器 9
2.3.1 非隔離型雙向轉換器 9
2.3.2 隔離型雙向轉換器 10
第三章 隔離型雙向轉換器 13
3.1 隔離型雙全橋結構 13
3.1.1 電路架構 13
3.1.2 動作原理 14
3.2 結合返馳式緩振器之隔離型雙全橋結構 19
3.2.1 升壓模式 20
3.2.2 降壓模式 23
3.2.3 返馳式緩振器 26
3.3 周邊電路設計 28
第四章 系統整合之規劃 33
4.1 系統架構介紹 33
4.2 微處理器介紹 34
4.3 程式流程 36
4.3.1主程式 36
4.3.2 PWM Special Event中斷副程式 37
4.3.3 A/D取樣平均副程式 39
4.3.4 穩壓機制副程式 40
4.3.5 保護副程式 41
第五章 電腦監控系統 42
5.1 RS-485網路拓樸原理介紹 42
5.2 收發器IC介紹 45
5.2.1 收發器之動作原理 45
5.3 Labview監控系統 45
5.3.1 人機介面 46
第六章 系統實測驗證 47
6.1 電氣規格 47
6.2 雙向轉換器之功能驗證 49
6.3 雙向轉換器單機運作之驗證 53
6.4 系統整合驗證 – 獨立運轉模式 54
6.5 系統整合驗證 – 市電併聯模式 56
6.6 Labview人機介面之實測驗證 57
第七章 結論與未來研究方向 60
7.1 結論 60
7.2 未來研究方向 60
參考文獻 62
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