(3.235.108.188) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/02/25 07:40
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林志遠
研究生(外文):Chihyuan Lin
論文名稱:以實驗方法測試閩南語音節連併裡的響度理論
論文名稱(外文):An Experimental Test of the Sonority Model of Taiwan Southern Min Syllable Contraction
指導教授:麥傑麥傑引用關係
指導教授(外文):James Myers
口試委員:蔡素娟許慧娟
口試日期:2011-01-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:語言學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:語言學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:音節連併母音響度假字
外文關鍵詞:syllable contractionsonority scalenon-words
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:322
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:64
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
This is an experimental study testing the sonority effect of vowels on syllable contraction in Taiwan Southern Min. Hsu (2003) proposed the Sonority Model, claiming that the order of priority for selecting vocoids in syllable contraction is determined by the sonority scale (a > ɔ > e > o > i > u). This model is contrary to Chung’s (1996, 1997) Edge-in Model in which the nucleus association of the contracted syllable begins scanning from the left syllable to the right syllable to find [+syllabic] vowels (LR-scanning). This study consists of three experiments testing sonority according to vowel heights and roundedness / backness. With non-words as materials, the experiments in this study exclude the factor of highly frequent words, prevent speakers from having access to lexically contracted forms.
There are three major findings from the present study: (1) the nuclei of contracted syllable generally follow the Sonority Model where the more sonorous vowels are selected for the nuclei of contracted syllables. (2) LR-scanning also plays a role in syllable contraction especially when the sonority of vowels is not very clear, such as /i/ and /u/. (3) syllable contraction occurs even in non-lexical items although more than half of the items did not get contracted.


Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Syllable Contraction 1
1.2 Motivation and Purpose of Thesis 2
1.3 Organization of Thesis 3
Chapter 2 Theoretical Background 4
2.1 Sonority 4
2.2 Taiwan Southern Min 8
2.3 Issues of Taiwan Southern Min Syllable Contraction 10
2.3.1 Non-Phonological Influences on Syllable Contraction 11
2.3.2 Phonological Influences on Syllable Contraction 14
2.4 Syllable Contraction in Other Languages 16
2.4.1 Mandarin 16
2.4.2 Cantonese 17
2.5 Principles of Taiwan Southern Min Syllable Contraction 18
2.5.1 The Edge-in Model 18
2.5.2 The Sonority Model 23
2.6 Hypotheses and Predictions 28
Chapter 3 Experiments 30
3.1 Experiment 1: Height in Round Vowels 30
3.1.1 Participants 30
3.1.2 Materials 31
3.1.3 Procedure 31
3.1.4 Results 32
3.1.5 Discussion 36
3.2 Experiment 2: Height in Unrounded Vowels 37
3.2.1 Participants 37
3.2.2 Materials 37
3.2.3 Procedure 37
3.2.4 Results 38
3.2.5 Discussion 43
3.3 Experiment 3: Roundedness/backness in High & Mid Vowels 44
3.3.1 Participants 44
3.3.2 Materials 44
3.3.3 Procedure 45
3.3.4 Result 45
3.3.5 Discussion 49
Chapter 4 General Discussion & Conclusion 52
4.1 Summary 52
4.2 General Discussion 53
4.3 Further Research 55
References 57
Appendix 1: Target Items --- Prompts 61
Appendix 2: Target Sets 69


Bao, Z. (2001) Sub-syllabic process and the Southern Min syllable. In D.-B. Xu (ed.),
Chinese Phonology in Generative Grammar, 95-116, Academic Press, New York.
Bauer, R. S. and Benedict, P. K. (1997) Modern Cantonese Phonology. Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs 102.Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Bybee, J. L. (2001) Phonology and language use. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
Bybee, J. L. (2002) Word frequency and context of use in the lexical diffusion of
phonetically conditioned sound change. Language Variation and Change, 14,
261-290.
Cheng, C.-E. (2004) An acoustic phonetic analysis of tone contraction in Taiwan
Mandarin. MA thesis. National Cheng Chi University.
Cheng, R. L. (1985) Sub-syllabic morphemes in Taiwanese. Journal of Chinese
Linguistics. 13(1), 12-43.
Chung, K. S. (2006) Contraction and backgrounding in Taiwan Mandarin. Concentric: Studies in Linguistics, 32(1), 69-88.
Chung, R.-F. (1993) The relationship between morphology and phonology in Hakka. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Languages in Taiwan, 155-176, Taipei, Taiwan.
Chung, R.-F. (1996) The segmental phonology of Southern Min in Taiwan. Taipei:
The Crane Publishing.
Chung, R.-F. (1997) Syllable contraction in Chinese. In F.-F. Tsao, & H. S. Wang
(Eds), Chinese languages and linguistics III: morphology and lexicon, 199-235. Taipei: Academia Sinica.
Clements, G. N. (1990) The role of the sonority cycle in core syllabification. In J. Kingston and M. E. Beckman (eds), Papers in laboratory phonology I. Between the grammar and physics of speech. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 283-333.
Crystal, D. ed. (2003) A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. Blackwell Publishers, Oxford.
Elfner, E. (2004) The role of sonority in Blackfoot phonotactics. Honours thesis. University of Calgary.
Hooper, Joan B. (1976) An Introduction to Natural Generative Phonology. New York: Academic Press.
Hsiao, C. (1986) A preliminary investigation into phonetic contraction in Mandarin. The World of Chinese Language. 40, 46-50.
Hsiao, Y.-C. (2002) Tone contraction. The Eighth International Symposium on Chinese Languages and Linguistics, Academia Sinica.
Hsu, H.-C. (2003) A sonority model of syllable contraction in Taiwanese Southern
Min. Journal of East Asian Linguistics. 12(4), 349-377.
Hsu, H. C. (2004) Compositional structure of /iu/ and /ui/ in Taiwanese Southen Min revisited. Language and Linguistics, 5(4), 1003-1018.
Jurafsky, D., Bell, A., Gregory, M., & Raymond, W. D. (2001) Probabilistic relations
between words: Evidence from reduction in lexical production. In J. Bybee, & P. Hopper (Eds.), Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure (pp. 229-254). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Jurafsky, D., Bell, A., & Griand, C. (2002) The role of lemma in form variation. In C.
Gussenhoven, & N. Warner (Eds.), Laboratory phonology 7 (pp. 3-34). Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyter.
Kiparsky, P. (1979) Metrical structure assignment is cyclic. Linguistic Inquiry. 10(3), 421–441.
Ladefoged, P. (2006) A Course in Phonetics. (Fifth Edition). Harcourt College Publishers, New York.
Levelt, W. J. M., & Wheeldon, L. (1994) Do speakers have access to a mental syllabary? Cognition, 50, 239–269.
Li, Y. & Myers, J. (2005) Modeling variation in Taiwan Southern Min syllable contraction. Taiwan Journal of Linguistics. 3(2), 79-118.
Lin, C. H. (2002) Taiwan Minnan Yu Gai Lun [An Introduction to Taiwan Southern Min], Xinli, Taipei.
Luke, K. K., & Nancarrow, O. T. (1999) Short forms in Hong Kong Cantonese. Paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Cantonese and Other Yue Dialects, University of Hong Kong.
Munson, B. (2007) Lexical access, lexical representation, and vowel articulation. In J. Cole & J. Hualde (Eds.), Laboratory Phonology 9 (p. 201-228). New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Myers, J. & Li, Y. (2009) Frequency effects in Southern Min syllable contraction. Journal of Phonetics. 37, 212-230.
Parker, S. G. (2002) Quantifying the sonority hierarchy. Doctoral dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Price, P. (1980) Sonority and syllabicity: acoustic correlates of perception. Phonetica. 37, 327-343.
Schneider, W., Eschman, A., & Zuccolotto, A. (2002) E-prime user’s guide. Pittsburgh: Psychological Software Tools.
Selkirk, E. (1984) On the major class features and syllable theory. In M. Aronoff & R. Oehrle (eds.), Language Sound Structure. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 107-136.
Sievers, E. (1881) Grundzüge der Phonetik. Leipzig: Breitkopf and Hartel.
Tseng, S. C. (2005) Contracted syllables in Mandarin: Evidence from spontaneous conversations. Language and Linguistics, 6(1), 153-180.
Tseng, C. C. (1996) Contraction in Taiwanese: Synchronic analysis and its connection with diachronic change. Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Chinese Languages and Linguistics V: Interactions in languages (pp. 205-232). Taipei: Academia Sinica.
Vennemann, T. (1972) On the theory of syllabic phonology. Ling. Ber. 18, 1-18.
Vennemann, T. (1988) Preference laws for syllable structure and the explanation of sound change. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Wedin, S., Leanderson, R., & Wedin, L. (1978) Evaluation of voice training: Spectral analysis compared with listeners' judgments. Folia Phoniatrica. 30, 103-112.
Wong, W. Y. P. (1996) Tempo, processing rate and clarity drive in Hong Kong Cantonese connected speech. M.A. thesis, Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
Wong, W. Y. P. (2006) Syllable fusion in Hong Kong Cantonese connected speech.
PhD dissertation. The Ohio State University.
Yip, Moira (1988) Template morphology and the directionality of association. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 6, 551–577.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關論文
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔