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研究生:陳景堃
研究生(外文):Chen Jing-Kun
論文名稱:澱粉特性偏光檢測
論文名稱(外文):The Polarized Detection of Starch-GrainsProperty
指導教授:謝宏榮
指導教授(外文):Shei Hung-Jung
口試委員:溫超東陳育堂
口試日期:2011-06-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中華科技大學
系所名稱:機電光工程研究所碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:澱粉粒雙折射偏光顯微鏡偏振光
外文關鍵詞:Maltese crossbirefringencepolarizing microscopePolarized light
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偏振光常被使用在很多領域上,利用偏振光原理應用,使用自製偏光顯微鏡,來觀察馬鈴薯和地瓜澱粉粒對溫度和酸度的不同而產生的澱粉粒的變化及糊化溫度。以五種實驗去做比較哪種方法檢驗效果呈現較佳。由於架構簡易及方便,可做為檢驗馬鈴薯和地瓜澱粉的澱粉粒或雙折射特性的一種方法。
關鍵詞:偏振光;偏光顯微鏡;雙折射;澱粉粒

Polarized light has many applications. As in this thesis, we studied the new applications of using the principle of the polarized light. First, a microscope of polarized light was made to monitor the potato Maltese cross and gelatinization since they change with temperature. Five experiments were compared for which could have the best results. Since the required experimental apparatuses are relatively simple, the method could be a good and simple way to view the Maltese cross.

Keyword:Polarized light; polarizing microscope; birefringence; Maltese cross

目錄
中文摘要........................................................................................................................i
Abstract..........................................................................................................................ii
目錄..............................................................................................................................iii
表圖目錄.......................................................................................................................vi
第一章 緒論..................................................................................................................1
1.1 前言...................................................................................................................1
1.2 研究目的...........................................................................................................2
1.3 論文結構...........................................................................................................2
第二章 文獻回顧..........................................................................................................4
2.1 光學發展史.......................................................................................................4
2.2光彈法的發展....................................................................................................6
2.3 光彈法用於牙醫學...........................................................................................9
2.4 偏振應用之偏光顯微鏡...................................................................................10
2.5偏振應用之檢測儀器........................................................................................11
2.6偏振光應用在檢測澱粉及塑膠................................................................12
第三章 實驗原理........................................................................................................14
3.1光波理論....................................................................................................................14
3.2偏振光的原理...........................................................................................................15
3.3雙折射........................................................................................................................19
3.4光彈法的原理...........................................................................................................24
3.5澱粉粒的原理..................................................................................................36


3.6糊化溫度..........................................................................................................37
第四章 實驗準備........................................................................................................39
4.1檢驗馬鈴薯澱粉粒加熱實驗(有過濾).....................................39
4.1.1試驗內容.................................................................................................................39
4.1.2 實驗材料與設備..................................................................................................39
4.1.3檢驗過程..............................................................................................................40
4.2 檢驗馬鈴薯澱粉粒加酸隔水加熱實驗(有過濾).....................................41
4.2.1 試驗內容.......................................................................................................41
4.2.2 實驗材料與設備..................................................................................................41
4.2.3檢驗過程...................................................................................................42
4.3 檢驗馬鈴薯澱粉粒滴酸實驗...............................................................43
4.3.1試驗內容.......................................................................................................43
4.3.2實驗材料與設備............................................................................................43
4.3.3檢驗過程..................................................................................................44
4.4 檢驗地瓜澱粉粒隔水加熱實驗...........................................................45
4.4.1試驗內容.......................................................................................................45
4.4.2 實驗材料與設備...........................................................................................45
4.4.3檢驗過程..................................................................................................46
4.5 檢驗地瓜澱粉粒滴酸的實驗.............................................................47
4.5.1試驗內容.......................................................................................................47
4.5.2實驗材料與設備...........................................................................................47
4.5.3檢驗過程..............................................................................................................48


第五章 結果與討論....................................................................................................49
5.1檢驗馬鈴薯澱粉粒加熱實驗(有過濾)..............................49
5.2檢驗馬鈴薯澱粉粒加酸隔水加熱實驗(有過濾)....................55
5.3檢驗檢驗馬鈴薯澱粉粒滴酸實驗......................................61
5.4檢驗檢驗地瓜澱粉粒隔水加熱實驗..................................68
5.5檢驗檢驗地瓜澱粉粒滴酸的實驗..............................................75
第六章 結論.......................................................................................................................81
參考文獻......................................................................................................................84
作者簡介..................................................................................................................89

表圖目錄

圖3.1偏振光與沒偏振光............................................................................................16
圖3.2 自然光與偏振光的振動特點...........................................................................22
圖3.3 雙折射體與光的偏振………………………………………………………23
圖3.4A 光彈法架構圖................................................................................................26
圖3.4B 光彈法架構圖................................................................................................27
圖3.5 陰影雲紋法.......................................................................................................28
圖3.6分散的平面偏振光在一個模式下的壓力........................................................32
圖3.7馬鈴薯馬爾他十字400X..................................................................................37
圖3.8沒有放偏光片的澱粉糊化................................................................................38
圖5.1A 250X..................................................................................................49
圖 5.2 B 500X….……………………………………………………………………49
圖5.1C 1000X..................................................................................................50
圖5.2A 250X...................................................................................................50
圖5.2B 500X...................................................................................................50
圖5.3A 250X....................................................................................................51
圖5.3B 500X....................................................................................................51
圖5.4 1000X....................................................................................................52
圖5.5 1000X....................................................................................................52
圖5.6 1000X....................................................................................................53


圖5.7 250X、500X、1000X曲線圖...........................................................53
圖5.8 1000X………………………………………………………………………55
圖5.9A500X …………………………………………………………………56
圖5.9B 1000X……………………………………………………………………56
圖5.10A 250X……………………………………………………………………56
圖5.10B 500X……………………………………………………………………56
圖5.10C1000X……………………………………………………………………57
圖5.11A 500X……………………………………………………………………58
圖5.11B 1000X……………………………………………………………………58
圖5.12A 250X……………………………………………………………………58
圖5.12B 500X……………………………………………………………………58
圖5.12B 1000X……………………………………………………………………59
圖5.13A 500X……………………………………………………………………60
圖5.13B 1000X……………………………………………………………………60
圖5.14(250X、500X、1000X)曲線圖……………………………………………60
圖5.15 500X………………………………………………………………………62
圖5.16 500X………………………………………………………………………62
圖5.17 500X………………………………………………………………………63
圖5.18 500X………………………………………………………………………63
圖5.19 500X ………………………………………………………………………64
圖5.20 500X………………………………………………………………………64
圖5.21 500X………………………………………………………………………65


圖5.22 500X………………………………………………………………………65
圖5.23 500X……………………………………………………………………66
圖5.24 500X………………………………………………………………………66
圖5.25(250X、500X、1000X)曲線圖……………………………………………67
圖5.26A 250X……………………………………………………………………68
圖5.26B 500X……………………………………………………………………68
圖5.27A250X……………………………………………………………………69
圖5.27B500X……………………………………………………………………69
圖5.27C1000X……………………………………………………………………69
圖5.28A250X………………………………………………………………………70
圖5.28B500X………………………………………………………………………70
圖5.29A250X………………………………………………………………………70
圖5.29B500X………………………………………………………………………70
圖5.29C1000X……………………………………………………………………71
圖5.30A250X………………………………………………………………………71
圖5.30B500X………………………………………………………………………71
圖5.30C1000X………………………………………………………………………72
圖5.31A250X………………………………………………………………………72
圖5.31B500X………………………………………………………………………72
圖5.31C1000X………………………………………………………………………73
圖5.32(250X、500X、1000X)曲線圖……………………………………………74
圖5.33 500X…………………………………………………………………………75


圖5.34 500X…………………………………………………………………………75
圖5.35 500X…………………………………………………………………………76
圖5.36 500X…………………………………………………………………………76
圖5.37 500X…………………………………………………………………………77
圖5.38 500X…………………………………………………………………………77
圖5.39 500X…………………………………………………………………………78
圖5.40 500X ………………………………………………………………………78
圖5.41 500X ………………………………………………………………………79
圖5.42 500X…………………………………………………………………………79
圖5.43 (250X、500X、1000X)曲線圖………………………………………………80


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